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To learn seed production and hatchery management of commercially important cultivable fishes.
Student can breed commercially important finfish and can setup his/her own hatchery.
Freshwater and marine fish seed resources. Natural breeding of finfishes. Selection of riverine spawn collection sites, gears used and methods of collection. Spawn quality and quantity indices. Advantages and disadvantages of riverine seed collection. Sexual maturity and breeding season of various cultivable species. Development of gametes in male and female. Fish egg and embryonic development. Methods of breeding; bundh breeding - wet and dry bundhs, collection and hatching of eggs, factors involved in bundh breeding, advantages and disadvantages of bundh breeding. Induced breeding of warmwater finfishes, environmental factors affecting spawning, sympathetic breeding. Hypophysation of fishes. Fish pituitary gland – its structure, collection, preservation and preparation of extract for injection, dosages and methods of injection. Brood-stock management and transportation of brood fish. Synthetic hormones used for induced breeding of carps. Different types
of fish hatcheries-traditional, Chinese, glass jar and modern controlled hatcheries. Causes of mortalities of eggs and spawn and remedies. Spawn rearing techniques. Use of anesthetics in fish breeding and transport. Breeding techniques for Indian major carps, exotic carps, mahaseers, trouts,
tilapias, catfishes, grey-mullets, milk fish, pearl spot, sea bass, sea hourse, groupers, pacu, cobia, pompanos and indigenous fishes, etc. Off-season andmultiple breeding of carps. Reproductive Biology of IMC, Development, maturation and maintainance of gonads, anatomy of gonads, developmental
stages, endocrine control of reproduction, cryopreservation of fish gametes.
Study of maturity stages in fishes. Collection and preservation of fish pituitary gland, preparation of PG extract, Hypophysation. Calculation of fecundity. Brood-stock maintenance and selection of breeders for injection. Histological studies of ovary and testes. Different fish hatchery systems, study of fish eggs and embryonic developmental stages. Identification of eggs, spawn, fry and
fingerlings of different species. Preparation and management of fish nursery. Fish seed and brood- stock transportation, use of anesthetics, disinfectants and antibiotics in fish breeding. Water quality monitoring in fish hatcheries and nurseries. Breeding and larval rearing of common finfishes.
1. Breeding and Seed Production of Finfish and Shellfish- P.C. Thomas
2. Aquaculture: Principles and Practices - T.V.R.Pillay
3.Freshwater Aquaculture - R.K.Rath
4.Handbook of Fisheries and Aquaculture - ICAR publication