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Analog Systems and Applications

Analog Systems and Applications

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Truptimayee Behera

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Analog System and Application

 

Code(Credit) :CUTM1489(3-2-1)

 

Course Objectives

  • The objectives of this subject are to Learn Fundamentals of electronic devices.
  • Design and Applications of electronic circuits.
  • Learn through practice mode the fundamental electronic devices

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Student identifies the relationship and correct usage of work, energy, heat capacity, specific heat, latent heat, and enthalpy.
  • Understand Semiconductor diodes, bipolar junction transistor.
  • Sketch, explain and design the amplifier circuit for given specification and analyze them discussoscillator principles, and frequency stability.
  • Analyze the different types of Oscillators

Course Syllabus

Module I                                                                              

Semiconductor Diodes :

P and N type semiconductors. Energy Level Diagram. Conductivity and Mobility, Concept of Drift velocity. PN Junction Fabrication (Simple Idea). Barrier Formation in PN Junction Diode. Static and Dynamic Resistance.  Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode.  Drift Velocity. Derivation for Barrier Potential, Barrier Width and Current for Step Junction. Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode.

Practice-1: V-I characteristics of PN junction diode

Module II                                                                     

Two-terminal Devices and their Applications:

(1) Rectifier Diode: Half-wave Rectifiers. Centre-tapped and Bridge Full-wave Rectifiers, Calculation of Ripple Factor and Rectification Efficiency, C-filter (2) Zener Diode and Voltage Regulation. Principle and structure of (1) LEDs, (2) Photodiode and (3) Solar Cell.

Practice-2:V-I characteristics of  Light emitting diode.

Practice-3:V-I characteristics of a Zener diode and its use as voltage regulator.

Module III                                                                    

Bipolar Junction transistors:

n-p-n and p-n-p Transistors. Characteristics of CB, CE and CC Configurations. Current gains α and β Relations between α and β. Load Line analysis of Transistors. DC Load line and Q- point. Physical Mechanism of Current Flow. Active, Cut-off and Saturation Regions.

Practice-4: To study the characteristics of a Bipolar Junction Transistor in CE, CB and CC configuration

Module IV                                                                     

Amplifiers:

Transistor Biasing and Stabilization Circuits. Fixed Bias and Voltage Divider Bias. Transistor as 2-port Network. h-parameter Equivalent Circuit. Analysis of a single-stage CE amplifier using Hybrid Model. Input and Output Impedance. Current, Voltage and Power Gains. Classification of Class A, B & C Amplifiers.

Practice-5:To study the various biasing configurations of BJT for normal class A ,B and C operation.

Module V                                                                       

Coupled Amplifier:

Two stage RC-coupled amplifier and its frequency response

Feedback in  Amplifiers: 

Effects  of  Positive  and  Negative,  Feedback  on  Input,  Impedance,  Output Impedance, Gain, Stability, Distortion and Noise.

Practice-6:To study the frequency response of voltage gain of a RC-coupled transistor amplifier

Module VI                                                                         

Operational Amplifiers (Black Box approach):

Characteristics of an Ideal and Practical Op-Amp. (IC 741) Open-loop and Closed-loop Gain. Frequency Response. CMRR. Slew Rate and concept of Virtual ground.

Practice-7:Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) for dc voltage of given gain

Practice-8:Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) and study its frequency response

Practice-9:Non-inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) & study its frequency response.

Module VII                                                                     

Applications of Op-Amps:

(1)  Inverting  and  non-inverting  amplifiers,  (2)  Adder,  (3)  Subtractor,  (4) Differentiator, (5) Integrator, (6) Log amplifier, (7) Zero crossing detector (8) Wein bridge oscillator.

Practice-10:Two dc voltages using Op-amp in inverting and non-inverting mode.

Practice-11:To investigate the use of an op-amp as a Differentiator and Integrator.

Practice-12:To study the zero-crossing detector and comparator.

Textbook:

  1. Integrated Electronics, J. Millman and C.C. Halkias, 1991, Tata Mc-Graw Hill

Reference Books:

  1. Electronics: Fundamentals and Applications, J.D. Ryder, 2004, Prentice Hall.
  2. Solid State Electronic Devices, B.G.Streetman & S.K.Banerjee, 6th Edn.,2009, PHI Learning
  3. Electronic Devices & circuits, S.Salivahanan & N.S.Kumar, 3rd Ed., 2012, Tata Mc-Graw Hill
  4. OP-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuit, R. A. Gayakwad, 4th edition, 2000, Prentice Hall
  5. Microelectronic circuits, A.S. Sedra, K.C. Smith, A.N. Chandorkar, 2014, 6th Edn., Oxford University Press.
  6. Electronic circuits: Handbook of design & applications, U.Tietze, C.Schenk,2008, Springer
  7. Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology, S.M. Sze, 2nd Ed., 2002, Wiley India
  8. Microelectronic Circuits, M.H. Rashid, 2nd Edition, Cengage Learning
  9. Electronic Devices, 7/e Thomas L. Floyd, 2008, Pearson India

Session Plan

Session 1

Session 3

Session 4

Flip class-1:

PN Junction Fabrication (Simple Idea). Barrier Formation in PN Junction Diode

https://youtu.be/4SlfaocMfdA

https://youtu.be/YiDs8ZnpVD4

https://www.slideshare.net/poojithchowdhary/pn-junction-diode

Session 5

Practice-1 (2 hours)

V-I characteristics of PN junction diode

You tube video : pn junction diode

Session 7

Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode. Derivation for Barrier Potential

https://youtu.be/hKGJoW_u6wo

https://www.slideshare.net/priyankasingh834/semiconductor-diodes-73300955

Session 8

Flip class-2:

Rectifier Diode: Half-wave Rectifiers. Centre-tapped and Bridge Full-wave Rectifiers, Calculation of Ripple Factor and Rectification Efficiency

Half wave Rectifier

HWR ripple factor

FWCTR

https://www.slideshare.net/AnkitDubey166/diodes-and-rectifiers

Session 9

Session 10

Zener Diode and Voltage Regulation

https://youtu.be/pqzoOlj5Nig

Session 11

Practice-2:(2 hours)

V-I characteristics of a Zener diode and its use as voltage regulator.

Virtual lab:v lab

Session 12

Principle and structure of LEDs

https://youtu.be/tPFI2_PdCYA

Session 13

Practice-3:(2 hours)

V-I characteristics of  Light emitting diode.

virtual lab:v lab

Session 14

Session 15

Session 17

Flip class:3

Characteristics of CB, CE and CC Configurations

https://youtu.be/xMWc8n7eB4w

https://www.slideshare.net/meenakshirpatil/transistor-configurations

Session 18

Practice-4:(2 hours)

To study the characteristics of a Bipolar Junction Transistor in CE, CB and CC configuration

you tube :

CC configuration

CE configuration

CB configuration

Session 19

Session 20

Load Line analysis of Transistors. DC Load line and Q-point.

https://youtu.be/tNrRcR4-XhM

https://www.pitt.edu/~qiw4/Academic/ME2082/Transistor%20Basics.pdf

Session 21

Physical Mechanism of Current Flow. Active, Cut-off and Saturation Regions

https://youtu.be/tG7XNM4vzLM

Session 22

Flip class-4:

Transistor Biasing and Stabilization Circuits. Fixed Bias

https://youtu.be/lKuDtIayEJw

Session 23

Voltage Divider Bias.

https://youtu.be/z-aut8JlfrY

Session 24

Transistor as 2-port Network. h-parameter Equivalent Circuit

https://youtu.be/SPmaLlHwAZg

http://www.zen22142.zen.co.uk/Theory/tr_model.htm

Session 25

Analysis of a single-stage CE amplifier using Hybrid Model. Input and Output Impedance. Current, Voltage and Power Gains

https://youtu.be/NEiVSbPYWNE

Session 27

Practice-5:(2 hours)

To study the various biasing configurations of BJT for normal class A  operation.

https://learnabout-electronics.org/Amplifiers/amplifiers12.php

Session 28

Flip Class:5

Two stage RC-coupled amplifier and its frequency response

https://www.slideshare.net/agarwal3/the-working-theory-of-an-rc-coupled-amplifier-in-electronics

Session 29

Practice-6:(2 hours)

To study the frequency response of voltage gain of a RC-coupled transistor amplifier

https://youtu.be/7HxGCFMCNYE

Session 30

Flip class-6:

Effects of Positive and Negative, Feedback on Input, Impedance

https://youtu.be/xu1A7VsEqpw

Output Impedance, Gain, Stability

https://youtu.be/F9cCnYRdeYA

https://youtu.be/do1RPhE8Kaghttps://slideplayer.com/slide/12935527/

Session 31

Distortion and Noise

https://youtu.be/do1RPhE8Kag

Session 32

Flip class-7:

Characteristics of an Ideal and Practical Op-Amp. (IC 741)

https://youtu.be/kiiA6WTCQn0

https://www.slideshare.net/SiddiquiMahboob/op-amp-53203882

Session 33

Practice-7:(2 hours)

Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) for dc voltage of given gain

http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1120&cnt=2172

Session 34

Practice-8:(2 hours)

Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) and study its frequency response

http://vlabs.iitb.ac.in/bootcamp/labs/ic/exp3/exp/index.php

Session 35

Practice-9:(2 hours)

Non-inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) & study its frequency response.

http://technlab.blogspot.com/2016/07/experiment-8-design-inverting-and-non.html

Session 37

Closed-loop Gain

https://youtu.be/XC48KW_LA-I

Session 38

Frequency Response.

https://youtu.be/3Sr1xZw2t0U

Session 40

Flip class-8:

Slew Rate and concept of Virtual ground

https://youtu.be/AuZ00cQ0UrE

Session 41

Inverting amplifiers

https://youtu.be/U1KbM4ffiLg

Session 42

non-inverting amplifiers

https://youtu.be/uyOfonR_rEw

Session 43

Practice-10:(2 hours)

Two dc voltages using Op-amp in inverting and non-inverting mode

https://youtu.be/jsKSfaFQ4d4

Session 44

Session 45

Session 46

Session 47

Session 48

Practice-11:(2 hours)

To investigate the use of an op-amp as a Differentiator and Integrator.

http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1118&cnt=2166

http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1117&cnt=2163

Session 49

Flip class-9:

Log amplifier

https://youtu.be/Nrfb-s0wl6g

Session 50

Zero crossing detector

https://youtu.be/VWQFXExlEmc

Session 51

Practice-12:(2 hours)

To study the zero-crossing detector and comparator.

Zero Crossing detection

Session 52

Flip class-10:

Wein bridge oscillator

https://youtu.be/gbUXbaxvX94

slide share wien-bridge-oscillator

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Truptimayee Behera

Lecturer in Physics,School of Applied Science
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Mrs.Truptimayee Behera , working as Asst. Professor in the Dept School of Applied Science,  Rayagada Campus of Centurion University of Technology and Management Odisha. I have 03 years of teaching experience in the field of Physics. I have completed  B.Sc. and M.Sc in Physics ,Specialization Electronics from Centurion University of Technology and Management and completed […]