Animal breeding

Teacher

Debashish Tripathy

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Animal breeding

Code(Credit) : CUTM1453(3-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • To educate about the concept of conservation of Animal Genetic Resources and their sustainable utilization.

  • To educate about the concept of cattle and buffalo breeding.

  • To educate about the small farm animal breeding concepts.

  • To impart knowledge about the latest tools and techniques of animal genetics and their uses in animal sciences.

  • To acquaint with recent trends in animal breeding and designing of need-based breeding strategies.

Learning Outcomes

  • To educate about molecular techniques to identify molecular markers as  an aid to selection.

  • To study genetic structure of animal population and importance of genetic variation and covariation among traits.

  • To explain the methodology of selection and breeding systems for genetic improvement of livestock and poultry.

  • To educate about the various biometrical techniques for data analysis and their applications in animal breeding research.

Course Syllabus

MODULE -1

Domestication ,Early Developments in Animal Breeding,Overview of Animal Breeding, Economic Traits ,Statistical Measures and Methods in Animal Breeding.

PRACTICE :-  Problems relating to gene and genotypic frequencies under different conditions.

 

MODULE-2

Selection and Response to Selection ,Improving Response to Selection ,Computation of Selection Differential ,Computation of Generation, Interval bases of selection.

 

PRACTICE :-  Estimation of inbreeding in regular and irregular systems.

Estimation of effective population size.

 

MODULE-3

In-breeding & line breeding,Outbreeding & heterosis ,Estimation of heterosis & Systems of cross-breeding.

 

PRACTICE :-  Computation of quantiatative genetic effects. Estimation of variance components.

 

MODULE-4

Development of New Breeds,Breed and Breeding Industry Structure,Breed Comparison : Genotype-Environment Interaction, Animal Genetic Resources &Designing of Breeding Program.

 

PRACTICE :-  Computation of heritability,repeatability, genetic, environmental and phenotypic correlations and their standard errors.

 

MODULE-5 

Breeds–Economic traits–Prolificacy-Breeding records and standardization,Genetic parameters – Selection of males and females – Breeding systems ,Development of new breeds& Breeding policy – Breeding research – Conservation of breeds.

 

PRACTICE :-   Estimation of breeding values from different sources of information.Prediction of direct and correlated response to different bases of selection.

 

MODULE-6

Biometrical models and their analytical techniques on simulated and actual

animal breeding data using computer application and use of programme in the

field of animal breeding ,Advanced techniques in genetic manipulation for multiplication and improvement of livestock species.

 

PRACTICE :-   Compuatation of realized heritability and genetic correlation.

Selection index: Computation, Accuracy and response in component traits. Estimation of hetrerosis for different types of crosses. Estimation of GCA and SCA

 

MODULE-7

History of dairy cattle and buffalo breeding,Breeds of cattle and buffallo and their Characterization,Inheritance of important economic traits,Recording and handeling of breeding data ,Standardization of records ,Computation of correction factors for the adjustment of the data &Estimation of breeding values of the cows and bulls.

Session Plan

Session 1

Domestication & Early Developments in Animal Breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmoOBN9s1rU

Session 2

Overview of Animal Breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmoOBN9s1rU

Session 3

Economic Traits & Statistical Measures and Methods in Animal Breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_e4mwlqCQrc

Session 4 ( Practice :- 1)

Problems relating to gene and genotypic frequencies under different

conditions.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bc9bhLk_AhI

Session 5

Selection and Response to Selection

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NZ3V7V-yJbw

Session 6

Improving Response to Selection

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrWTb_u5VBM

Session 7

Computation of Selection Differential

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uc6sR79Kl54

Session 8

Computation of Generation Interval,bases of selection

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDW8ICUUV9o

Session 9

Session 10 ( Practice- 2 )

Estimation orf inbreeding in regular and irregular systems.

Estimation of effective population size

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUr9KitITUI

Session 11

In-breeding & line breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RpyTNm5whs0

Session 12

Session 13

Session 14

Session 15

Session 16 ( Practice- 3 )

Computation of quantiatative genetic effects. Estimation of variance components.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NZ3V7V-yJbw&t=19s

Session 17

Session 18

Breed and Breeding Industry Structure

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9b4KTJM8ps

Session 19

Genotype-Environment Interaction

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMyZO9YDlk8

Session 20

Session 21

Designing of Breeding Program

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ztw1tC0UyQ4

Session 22 ( Practice - 4 )

Computation of heritability,repeatability, genetic, environmental and phenotypic correlations and their standard errors

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4SxaqUkVQA

Session 23

Breeds–Economic traits–Prolificacy-Breeding records and standardization

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SbHNx8dFvCQ

Session 24

Genetic parameters – Selection of males and females – Breeding systems

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNmWUIylC00

Session 25

Development of new breeds& Breeding policy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxEnFlPgizA

Session 26

Breeding research – Conservation of breeds

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iA_FfVuTfoM

Session 27 ( Practice - 5 )

Estimation of breeding values from different sources of information.Prediction

of direct and correlated response to different bases of selection

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yhsw3HJDtf4

Session 28

Biometrical models and their analytical techniques on simulated and actual

animal breeding data using computer application

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9Vm_iCjE1U

Session 29

Use of programme in the field of animal breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9Vm_iCjE1U

Session 30

Advanced techniques in genetic manipulation for multiplication and

improvement of livestock species

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAhjPd4uNFY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9Vm_iCjE1U

Session 31 ( Practice -6 )

Compuatation of realized heritability and genetic correlation.

Selection index: Computation, Accuracy and response in component traits. Estimation of hetrerosis for different types of crosses

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eaz7MNIs3K4

Session 32

History of dairy cattle and buffalo breeding

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-v4_0UhigI

Session 33

Breeds of cattle and buffallo and their Characterization,Inheritance of important economic traits

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-v4_0UhigI

Session 34

Recording and handeling of breeding data

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0j4gzDG_4hc

Session 35

Standardization of records

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0j4gzDG_4hc

Session 36

Computation of correction factors for the adjustment of the data &Estimation of breeding values of the cows and bulls

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=be6d3281eZM

Case Studies

Case Studies

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