Plasma Technology

Teacher

Dr. Tapan Dash

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Plasma Technology

Code(Credit) : CUTM1410(3-0-1)

Course Objectives

  • To explore the fourth state of matter, Plasma.
  • To understand fundamental characteristics of plasma, various plasma generation methods, various applications of plasma technology in nanomaterial synthesis, energy production and storage, medicine/health care, etc.
  • To acquire comprehensive knowledge of how plasmas are utilized for different types of materials processing specially in nanotechnology and developing advanced materials

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course the student should be able to

  • Learn using fundamental plasma parameters, under what conditions an ionised gas consisting of charged particles (electrons and ions) can be treated as a plasma to set feasible criteria on the plasma-assisted processes.
  • Assess relations between the process and properties of the treated surface and/or material.
  • Assess suitability of individual kinds of plasma for application in materials and surface engineering, nanomaterial production applications and in environmental technologies.
  • Understand application of plasma technology for eco-friendly  future "green" energy.

Course Syllabus

Module-I

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics

Plasma-the fourth state of matter, Plasma parameters, Debye length, Plasma sheath,  Plasma oscillations & frequency, Saha's theory  of thermal ionization, Concept about plasma equilibrium and types of plasma (only classification), Plasma classification on basis of temperature and pressure (only fundamental)

Module-II

Plasma Production Techniques

DC discharges, Glow discharge, I-V characteristic of electrical discharge, Paschen curve, Arc discharge, Transferred and non-transferred arcs, RF discharge, Capacitively and inductively coupled plasmas, Microwave discharge,  Vacuum arcs

Assignment-1

Gases break-down, Paschen Curves, Advanced plasma generation techniques

Module-III

Plasma Diagnostics

Basic plasma diagnostics: electric probes (single and double), Optical emission spectroscopy (basic idea), Laser based diagnostics

Assignment-2

Plasma diagnostic for understanding the basic plasma

Module-IV

Plasma Etching, Spraying and Atomization processes                                       

Etching, Plasma cleaning, Surfactants removal, Non transferred plasma torches, Advanced plasma atomization process

Assignment-3

Advanced plasma atomization for nano material production

Module-V

Plasma Sputtering Deposition Processes

Introduction of thin film coatings by plasma, Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD), Physical vapor deposition (PVD), Pulsed laser deposition (PLD), Plasma nitriding

Assignment-4

Surface treatment and thin film coating by advanced plasma techniques

Module-VI

Plasma Melting, Cutting and welding

Arc plasma melting, Synthesis of nanomaterials (Al2O3 and SiC) by plasma reactor/furnace, Plasma cutting, Plasma Welding

Assignment-5

Plasma cutting and welding

Module-VII

Special Plasma Applications

Controlled thermo-nuclear fusion: the green technology-Tokamaks (fundamental), Plasma waste processing (Plasma pyrolysis), Biomedical and health applications

Assignment-6

Plasma Technology: An emerging clean and green energy technology for future

Reference Books:

  1. Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing, M. A. Lieberman and A. J.. Lichtenberg (John Wiley and Sons, 2005)
  2. Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 3rd edition, Francis F. Chen, (Springer, 2018)
  3. Plasma Technology, B. Gross, B. Greyz and K. Miklossy, (Iliffe Books Ltd., London, 1968).                                                                     
  4. Handbook of Advanced Plasma Processing Techniques, Eds. R.J. Shul and S.J. Pearton.
  5. Fundamentals of Plasma Physics, J. A. Bittencourt, Springer-Verlag New York Inc., 2004.
  6. Handbook of Plasma Processing Technology: Fundamental, Etching, Deposition and Surface Interactions, S. M. Rossnagel, J. J. Cuomo, W. D. Westwood, (Noyes Publications, 1990) SAP 4005 Plasma Processing of Materials.                                                                                                     

Online Resources:

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1TzDrfu7S0
  2. https://www.slideshare.net/XuHaiHuang/adamsdpp201503
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1yCbBrRyu4
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vouCR6bhCt0
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkQ0iSnA1ag
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BzPuDnNNAaE
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW5DsLGwIw8
  8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZjxeFvoA7M

Session 5

Session 6

DC discharges, Glow discharge, I-V characteristic of electrical discharge

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mJTWrfsNfGw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWLy9DB9pm8

Session 8

Assignment-1 (2 hours)

Gases break-down, Paschen Curves, Advanced plasma generation techniques

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eTOmJ7tnTQc

https://www.slideshare.net/9722289471/paschen-law

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r66nrK9R4Z4

Session 10

Session 13

Basic plasma diagnostics: electric probes (single and double)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ykaWKco75C8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8WGxkeQrZis

Session 16

Assignment-2 (2 hours)

Plasma diagnostic for understanding the basic plasma

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LfNDfCEG5Xo

http://www.ipp.ac.cn/zhuanti/MTF/slides/201105/W020110531321766940541.pdf

Session 18

Session 19

Non transferred plasma torches

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USS4V19ASuk

Session 21

Assignment-3 (2 hours)

Advanced plasma atomization for nano material production

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQy6dntTcYA

https://www.scribd.com/presentation/324097901/6TYPES-OF-ATOMIZERS-2-ppt

Session 27

Assignment-4 (2 hours)

Surface treatment and thin film coating by advanced plasma techniques

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cyu7etM-0Ko

http://www.imim.pl/PHD/www.imim-

Session 29

Session 32

Session 33

Session 35

Biomedical and health applications

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNb61XBJMp0

Session 36

Assignment-6 (2 hours)

Plasma Technology- An emerging clean and green energy technology for future

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puoElmXW-PY&t=50s

https://www.slideshare.net/futureagenda2/future-of-energy-the-emerging-view

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    Dr. Tapan Dash currently works as Assistant Professor & HoD, Department of Applied Physics, SoAS (BBSR Campus), School of Applied Sciences, CUTM, Odisha. He has completed his PhD. in the field of experimental condensed matter physics. He has more than 10 years of research experience (including three years of industrial experience at Tata Steel, India […]