Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates

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Dr Siba Prasad Parida

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates

Code(Credit) : CUTM1504(3-2-1)

Course Objectives

    • To make a comparative study of the anatomy of an organ in different groups of vertebrates
    • To derive the evolutionary significance from it
    • Tto understand as to why an organ evolved the way it is present now.

Learning Outcomes

    • Students recognize vertebrate structural principles by studying all body systems of vertebrates in an evolutionary perspective.
    • Compare and contrast the anatomical systems of different vertebrates and identify common traits across species and groups.

Course Syllabus

Module-I

1 Integumentary System

1.1 Introduction to integuments

1.2 General features of integuments Dermis and Epidermis

1.3 Derivatives of integuments scales nails hooves

1.4 Horn antles baleen dermal armour

1.5 Dermal derivatives

Module-II Skeletal System

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Axial Skeleton

2.3 Appendicular skeleton

2.4 Jaw suspensorium

2.5 Visceral arches

Module-III Digestive System

3.1 Introdution

3.2 Alimentary canal

3.3 Associate glands

3.4 Dentition

Module-IV Respiratory System

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Brief account of Gills

4.3 Brief account of lungs

4.4 Brief account of air sac

4.5 Brief account of swim bladders

Module-V Circulatory System

5.1 Introduction

5.2 General plan of circulation

5.3 Evolution of heart

5.4 aortic arches

Module-VI Urinogenital System

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Succession of kidney

6.3 Evolution of urinogenital ducts

6.4 Types of mammalian uteri

Module-VII Nervous System

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Comparative account of brain

7.3 Autonomic nervous system, Spinal cord

7.4 Types of receptors

Session 1

Introduction to Integument

Session 2

General features of integuments Dermis and Epidermis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4hnFf_jmvU

Session 3

Derivatives of integuments scales nails hooves

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVRTA7vEerk

Session 4

Horn antles baleen dermal armour

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjhlGMOFSZQ

Session 5

Session 6

Practice 1 Temporary mount of external scales in fishes (cycloid, placoid, ganoid, ctenoid)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__D-DE0X0zk

Session 7

Introduction to skeletal system

Session 9

Session 10

Session 11

Session 12

Practice 2 Study of disarticulated skeleton of Amphibia/Reptilia/Aves/Mammal

Session 13

Introduction to Digestive System

Session 14

Session 15

Session 16

Dentition

Session 17

Practice 3 demonstration of Chick to study arterial system
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lgd03h3te8

Session 18

Introduction to respiratory system

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0fVoz4V75_E

Session 19

Session 20

Session 21

Session 22

Introduction to circulatory System

Session 23

Session 24

Brief account of swim bladders

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3DyRTDDurTM

Session 25

Introduction to circulatory System

Session 26

General plan of circulation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_ZnwXLHc1w

Session 27

Session 29

Introduction to urogenital system

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaFJ59BqAag

Session 30

Session 31

Evolution of urinogenital ducts

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0tBISwP30w

Session 32

Session 33

Comparative account of brain

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyAtx10TL78

Session 34

Autonomic nervous system, Spinal cord

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUZ1LTVifWo

Session 35

Practice 5 Mini Project

Session 36

Types of receptors

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zep8T5Q_KxA

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