Domain Track: Computational Fluid Dynamics

Teacher

Dr.Ashok Misra

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Domain Track Title :Computational Fluid Dynamics

Track Total Credits ( 2+10+8)

Course Division( list all divisions):

      1. CUCF2180  Introduction to CFD (2+0+1)

      2. CUCF2181  Grid Generation (0+2+0)

      3. CUCF2182  Flow Solver Techniques-Simulia (0+3+1)

      4. CUCF2183  Simulation and Validation (0+5+0)

      5. CUCF2184  Industry Specific Project (0+0+6)

Domain Track Objectives:

  • To provide the knowledge of CFD in the Industrial Level.
  • To apply CFD methods as a tool for design, analysis and engineering applications.

Domain Track Learning Outcomes:

  • To impart knowledge about various computational methods for fluid flow and heat transfer problems so as to enable the students to write computer programs for solving elementary fluid dynamics/heat transfer problems.
  • To execute the industry projects so as to produce Quality products to the Clients.

Domain Syllabus:

 

1. Introduction to CFD (2-0-1)

Module-1

Fluid, Properties of Fluid (Temperature, Vapour Pressure, Viscosity, Specific Gravity, Compressibility, Speed of Sound, Density, Energy, Specific Heat, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids

Module-2

Lagrangian and Eulerian Approaches, Classification of Fluid Flow (Inviscid vs. Viscous, Laminar vs. Turbulent, Incompressible vs. Compressible, Internal vs. External, Steady vs. Unsteady,Rotational vs. Irrotational,  1D, 2D and 3D Flows)

Project 1. Case studies in industrial pipe flows.

Module-3

Governing Equations of Flow Field (Conservation of Mass, Momentum (Navier-Stoke Equation) and Energy)- Differential Form, Integral Form.

Project 2. Case studies and generation of drag and lift for flow over bodies.

Module-4

Flow Features (Stagnation, Boundary Layer (Laminar to Transition to Turbulent), Flow Separation), Types of Boundary Conditions.

Project 3.  Case studies in different types of aerofoil and its applications.

Module-5

Heat Transfer in Fluid (Conduction, Convection (Natural, Forced), Radiation), Non-dimensional Quantities, Flow Similarity between Prototype and Model.

Project 4. Case studies for various non-dimensional quantities and its importance in CFD.

Module-6

CFD and its applications, Discretization methods for the CFD (FDM, FVM, FEM, Hybrid Methods).

Project 5. Case studies for the various applications of CFD and its significance.

Module-7

Turbulence Modelling, CFD Solution Tool Chain

Project 6. Case studies for the different turbulence modelling in CFD.

 

2. Grid Generation (0-2-0)

2.1 Introduction to Meshes- CFD Meshing Basics

2.2 Different Element Shapes- Creating, Managing & Updating Meshes

2.3 CFD Meshing- 2D Mesh, 3D Mesh, Mapped Face Meshing,

Practice 1. 2D mapped Mesh for rectangular pipe

Practice2. 2D mapped Meshing for Aerofoil.

2.4 Structured Meshing, Un-Structured Mesh, Sweep 3D Mesh

Practice 3. 3D structure mesh of Circular Cylinder

Practice 4. 3D unstructured mesh with prims layers for Aerofoil

Practice 5. 3D coarse/ medium/ fine sweep mesh for pipe

Practice 6.3D coarse/ medium/ fine unstructured Octree Tetrahedron mesh for Aerofoil.

Practice 7. 3D hex- dominant mesh for rectangular Duct.

2.5 Visualization the Mesh- Visualization Management, Mesh Visualization Options, Section, Clipping Box, Mesh colour, Element shrink

2.6 Reviewing the Mesh- Quality Analysis, free Edges, Interfaces, Duplicate Checker, Isolate Node Checker

Practice 8. 3D hex-dominant with surface mesh, Boundary prim mesh for DS car.

Practice 9. 3D Tetrahedron filler mesh Narrowing pipe.

Practice 10. 3D Tetrahedron, surface, for Electronics Module.

Practice 11. 3D Sweep mesh for circular cylinder.

Practice 12. 3D mesh generation for Subsonic Converging-diverging Nozzel.

Practice 13. 3D Sweep mesh generation for U-Bend pipe.

Practice 14. 3D mesh generation of Dimple Ball.

Practice 15. 3D mesh generation of a wedge body.

 

3. Flow Solver Techniques-SIMULIA (0-3-1)

3.1 Overview-Fluid Dynamics Engineer Essentials

  • Connecting to the platform, Assigning roles and Apps, Platform Interface, Importing 3D XML file, Simulation Conventions in the 3DExperience Platform

Practice 1. Getting Started with the 3DExperience Platform.

3.2 Import an assembly

  • Explore the imported assembly, Renamed the assembly, Search for parts/assemblies in the database, open parts/ assemblies found through search, duplicate, delete and save entities, Import a 3D XML file containing fluid materials, Create and save a new material.

3.3 Fluid Dynamics Engineer Role Overview

  • Exploring Fluid Dynamics Engineer Role Apps, CFD simulations work flow, Model preparations, Material definitions, Meshing, CFD analysis, Analysis convergence, co-simulation Analysis, Post processing results, CFD solver validations.

Practice 2. CFD analysis of steady state internal Laminar Pipe flow.

Project 1. Analysis of pipe flow at Re= 500.

3.4 Getting Started with CFD Simulations

  • Fluid Model Creation, Fluid Scenario Creation App Interface, Model setup, applying meshing, Scenario Setup, Results visualizations, Reviewing Simulation Features,

Practice 3. CFD analysis Steady-state external flow over an Airfoil.

Project 2. Analysis of 2D cylinder in a rectangular domain with varying radius and height.

3.5 Geometry for CFD Simulations

  • Geometry Preparation- Check and Repair, Defeature Idealize, Create, Healing, Join, Local Join, surface connection Checker, Face checker, Mid surface

Practice 4. Modeling of Air intake system.

Practice 5. Extracting Fluid volume for Engine Manifold.

3.6 Material and Section Properties of Fluid

  • Understanding materials, working with materials, Creating a new Material, Applying a Material, Adding New Domains, Editing a Material Domain, Simulation Domain, Material Behaviors in a Simulation Domain, Section Properties, working with Imported Meshes

3.7 Defining Physics of Fluid

  • Analysis Procedures- Enabling Temperature, Compressible, Coupled vs Segregated solver, Gravity effects.
  • Turbulence Modelling- SST k-w, Realizable k-e, Spalart-Almaras, Radiation Modeling, Steady-state Analysis, Transient Analysis- Courant-Freidrichs-Levy (CFL) condition, Grid Independence Study, Bad cell Treatment

Practice 6. Grid Independence study for above cases (pipe / airfoil) using different solver schemes.

Project 3. Analysis of flow an over a circular cylinder at Re=107.

Practice 7. Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT) Analysis of an Electronics Module.

Project 4. Analysis of temperature rise through cross flow heat exchanger.

3.8 Boundary and Initial Conditions

  • Boundary Conditions, wall boundary conditions, Thermal wall boundary, Initial Conditions, Initializing Compressible flows, Turbulence Specifications at Boundaries, Surface- to – surface Radiation specification at Boundaries, Time- dependent Boundary Conditions, Spatially- Varying Boundary conditions, User defined Boundary conditions.

3.9 Turbulence Modeling & Modeling Techniques.

Practice 8. Aerodynamics analysis of DS car.

Practice 9. Unsteady Flow across a Circular Cylinder.

Practice 10. Transonic Flow over an Airfoil.

Project 5. Analysis and estimation of Drag lift coefficients flat plate at Re=10,000.

3.10 Solution Convergence

Practice 11. Cavitating Flow through a Narrowing Pipe.

Project 6. Analysis of compressible flow nozzle with atmospheric pressure at the nozzle exit.

3.11 Post-processing Results.

Practice 12. Creating Post processing reports for all the above cases.

 

4. Simulation and Validation (0-5-0)

4.1 Fluid flow in the rear duct of an automotive HVAC system.

4.2 CFD Analysis of an Air intake system.

4.3 CFD Steady-state External flow over a Drone in cruise.

4.4 DE featuring of a Lens Component.

4.5 CFD analysis for Conjugate Heat Transfer in a fan –cooled CPU Board.

4.6 CFD analysis Energy computations in a Contact Analysis.

4.7 Thermo-mechanical Analysis of a Laser Powder Bed Fusion Build.

4.8 CFD analysis in Turbulent pipe flow.

4.9 CFD Supersonic flow analysis for 3D cone.

4.10 CFD analysis over a Ahmed body.

 

5. Industry Specific Projects (0-0-6)

( Selected Projects will be carried out)

5.1 CFD Analysis of economizer in a tangential fired boiler.

5.2 Analysis and comparison of vertical tube with smooth tube.

5.3 A CFD-based analysis of the 14-bis aircraft aerodynamics and stability.

5.4 CFD analysis of gas flow behaviour in economizer duct.

5.5 Combined aerodynamic and structural optimization of a high-speed civil transport wing.

5.6 Fluid flow and temperature distribution in radiators used in automobiles.

5.7 Analysis of Cyclone dust collector air flow.

5.8 CFD analysis of shell and tube heat exchanger with fins for waste heat recovery application.

5.9 A theoretical analysis and CFD simulation on the on the ceramic monolith heat exchanger.

5.10 Analysis of water flow for Laminar & Turbulent Flow in Conventional Water Tap.

5.11 CFD Investigation of Airflow on a SANTRO Zing Car by using Fluent.

5.12 CFD analysis of rocket nozzle.

5.13 CFD analysis of supersonic exhaust in a scramjet engine.

5.14 Aerodynamic Design for Bus/Car Vehicle.

5.15 CFD analysis of exhaust manifold.

5.16 CFD analysis of centrifugal fan.

5.17 Analysis of intake manifold in SI engines.

5.18 CFD modelling of the automobile catalytic converter.

5.19 CFD analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer in a single tube-fin arrangement of an automotive radiator.

5.20 Computational flow field analysis of a vertical axis wind turbine.

Session Plan for the Entire Domain:

 

1. Introduction to CFD (2-0-1)

Session 1

Fluid, Streamline, Path line & Streak line.

https://youtu.be/PtWz4p-WnL8

https://www3.nd.edu/~cwang11/2dflowvis.html

Session 2

Properties of Fluid -Temperature, Vapour Pressure, Viscosity, Specific Gravity, Compressibility.

https://youtu.be/hg6YVqbyrQ4

https://youtu.be/vy2LW9tUFHA

https://youtu.be/TgD3nEO1iCA

https://youtu.be/re9r0kzQp_M

https://youtu.be/pfxSw9SbX9o

Session 3

Properties of Fluid -Speed of Sound, Density, Energy, Specific Heat.

https://youtu.be/1kjAkuwYx2M

https://youtu.be/CW0_S5YpYVo

https://youtu.be/xLsMJ0V_6p0

https://youtu.be/5we65e7EOcg

Session 4

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids.

https://youtu.be/T-lopNYB7bI

Session 5

Lagrangian and Eulerian Approaches.

https://youtu.be/EceVJJGAFFI

Session 6

Classification of Fluid Flow - Inviscid vs. Viscous, Laminar vs. Turbulent, Internal vs. External.

https://youtu.be/f6spBkVeQ4w

https://youtu.be/5H2MezIUxKE

https://youtu.be/5zI9sG3pjVU

Session 7

Steady vs. Unsteady, Incompressible vs. Compressible Flows, Rotational vs. Irrotational Flows.

https://youtu.be/uLsdlUzrCRA

https://youtu.be/glfm3NMMxh0

https://youtu.be/FgY38h2LDeo

Session 8

Descriptions of 1D, 2D and 3D Flows.

https://youtu.be/FgY38h2LDeo

Session 9 & 10

Project 1. Case studies in industrial pipe flows.

Session 11

Governing Equations of Flow Field- Differential and Integral Forms of Conservation of Mass

Session 12

Differential and Integral Forms of Conservation of Momentum (Navier-Stokes Equation)

Session 13

Differential and Integral Forms of Conservation of Energy

Session 14 & 15

Project 2. Case studies and generation of drag and lift for flow over bodies.

Session 16

Flow Features- Stagnation Point Flow, Boundary Layer Flow, Boundary Layer Thickness

Session 17

Flow Separation- Laminar to Transition to Turbulent

Session 18

Types of Boundary Conditions

Session 19 & 20

Project 3. Case studies in different types of aerofoil and its applications.

Session 21

Heat Transfer in Fluid- Conduction, Convection (Natural, Forced), Radiation.

Session 22

Non-dimensional Quantities.

Session 23

Flow Similarity between Prototype and Model

Session 24 & 25

Project 4. Case studies for various non-dimensional quantities and its importance in CFD.

Session 26

CFD and its applications.

Session 27

Discretization methods for the CFD -Finite Difference Method.

Session 28

Finite Volume Method.

Session 29

Finite Element Method and Hybrid Method

Session 30 & 31

Project 5. Case studies for the various applications of CFD and its significance.

Session 32

Turbulence Modelling- Calculation of Y+ value, Wall Functions.

Session 33

 k-e & k-w models.

Session 34

CFD Solution Tool Chain

Session 35 & 36

Project 6. Case studies for the different turbulence modelling in CFD.

 

2. Grid Generation (0-2-0)

Sessions 37 & 38

Practice 1. 2D mapped Mesh for rectangular pipe

Sessions 39 & 40

Practice 2. 2D mapped Meshing for Aerofoil.

Sessions 41 & 42

Practice 3. 3D structure mesh of Circular Cylinder

Sessions 43 & 44

Practice 4. 3D unstructured mesh with prims layers for Aerofoil.

Sessions 45 & 46

Practice 5. 3D coarse/ medium/ fine sweep mesh for pipe.

Sessions 47 & 48

Practice 6. 3D coarse/ medium/ fine unstructured Octree Tetrahedron mesh for Aerofoil.

Sessions 49 & 50

Practice 7. 3D hex- dominant mesh for rectangular Duct.

Sessions 51 & 52

Practice 8. 3D hex-dominant with surface mesh, Boundary prim mesh for DS car.

Sessions 53 & 54

Practice 9. 3D Tetrahedron filler mesh Narrowing pipe.

Sessions 55 & 56

Practice 10. 3D Tetrahedron, surface, for Electronics Module.

Sessions 57 & 58

Practice 11. 3D Sweep mesh for circular cylinder.

Sessions 59 & 60

Practice 12. 3D mesh generation for Subsonic Converging-diverging Nozzel.

Sessions 61 & 62

Practice 13. 3D Sweep mesh generation for U-Bend pipe.

Sessions 63 & 64

Practice 14. 3D mesh generation of Dimple Ball.

Sessions 65 & 66

Practice 15.  3D mesh generation of a wedge body.

 

3. Flow Solver Techniques- SIMULIA (0-3-1)

Sessions 67 & 68

Practice 1. Getting Started with the 3DExperience Platform.

Sessions 69 & 70

Practice 2. CFD analysis of steady state internal Laminar Pipe flow.

Sessions 71 & 72

Project 1. Analysis of pipe flow at Re= 500.

Sessions 73 & 74

Practice 3. CFD analysis Steady-state external flow over an Airfoil

Sessions 75 & 76

Project 2. Analysis of 2D cylinder in a rectangular domain with varying radius and height.

Sessions 77 & 78

Practice 4. Modeling of Air intake system.

Sessions 79 & 80

Practice 5. Extracting Fluid volume for Engine Manifold.

Sessions 81 & 82

Practice 6. Grid Independence study for above cases (pipe / airfoil) using different solver schemes.

Sessions 83 & 84

Project 3. Analysis of flow an over a circular cylinder at Re=107.

Sessions 85 – 88

Practice 7. Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT) Analysis of an Electronics Module.

Sessions 89 & 90

Project 4. Analysis of temperature rise through cross flow heat exchanger.

Sessions 91- 94

Practice 8. Aerodynamics analysis of DS car.

Sessions 95 & 96

Practice 9. Unsteady Flow across a Circular Cylinder.

Sessions 97- 100

Practice 10. Transonic Flow over an Airfoil.

Sessions 101 & 102

Project 5. Analysis and estimation of Drag lift coefficients flat plate at Re=10,000.

Sessions 103 - 106

Practice 11. Cavitating Flow through a Narrowing Pipe.

Sessions 107 & 108

Project 6. Analysis of compressible flow nozzle with atmospheric pressure at the nozzle exit.

Sessions 109 & 110

Practice 12. Creating Post processing reports for all the above cases.

 

4. Simulation and Validation (0-5-0)

Each Practice: 6 Hrs. (Grid Generation-1Hr. + Simulation-3 Hrs.+ Validation-2 Hrs.)

Sessions 111 – 116

Practice 1. Fluid flow in the rear duct of an automotive HVAC system.

Sessions 117 – 122

Practice 2. CFD Analysis of an Air intake system.

Sessions 123 – 128

Practice 3. CFD Steady-state External flow over a Drone in cruise.

Sessions 129 – 134

Practice 4. DE featuring of a Lens Component.

Sessions 135 - 140

Practice 5. CFD analysis for Conjugate Heat Transfer in a fan –cooled CPU Board.

Sessions 141 - 146

Practice 6. CFD analysis Energy computations in a Contact Analysis.

Sessions 147 - 152

Practice 7. Thermo-mechanical Analysis of a Laser Powder Bed Fusion Build.

Sessions 153 – 158

Practice 8. CFD analysis in Turbulent pipe flow.

Sessions 159 – 164

Practice 9. CFD Supersonic flow analysis for 3D cone.

Sessions 165 - 170

Practice 10. CFD analysis over a Ahmed body.

 

5. Industry Specific Projects (0-0-6)

Each Project: Minimum 10 Hrs.

  • Developing a Tentative Schedule with Milestones: 1Hr.
  • Planning and Assigning Different Job Roles-1Hr.
  • Designing/ Developing/Importing the Product- 1Hr.
  • Simulating the Product- 3Hrs.
  • Evaluating the solution and Validation- 4Hrs.

Sessions 171 – 180

Project 1. CFD Analysis of economizer in a tangential fired boiler.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dbDCkrR6vXw

Sessions 181 – 190

Project 2. CFD analysis of gas flow behaviour in economizer duct

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdPA1DCz-Mc

Sessions 191 – 200

Project 3. Fluid flow and temperature distribution in radiators used in automobiles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W11mJNzN0EU

Sessions 201 – 210

Project 4. Analysis of Cyclone dust collector air flow

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YYgXT3M0dQ

Sessions 211 – 220

Project 5. CFD analysis of shell and tube heat exchanger with fins for waste heat recovery application

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jzpmWS48LLw

Sessions 221 – 230

Project 6. CFD Investigation of Airflow on a SANTRO Zing Car

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ILwoep1iPiI

Sessions 231 – 240

Project 7. CFD analysis of supersonic exhaust in a scramjet engine.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4enkZfpa8Zg

Sessions 241 – 250

Project 8. A CDF-based analysis of the 14-bis aircraft aerodynamics and stability
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErIMxx4tiuE

Sessions 251 – 260

Project 9. Computational flow field analysis of a vertical axis wind turbine

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJTueshaep4

List of Projects/ papers/jobs/products to be done in domain:

List of Projects:

1. CFD Analysis of economizer in a tangential fired boiler.

2. Analysis and comparison of vertical tube with smooth tube.

3. A CFD-based analysis of the 14-bis aircraft aerodynamics and stability.

4. CFD analysis of gas flow behaviour in economizer duct.

5. Combined aerodynamic and structural optimization of a high-speed civil transport wing.

6. Fluid flow and temperature distribution in radiators used in automobiles.

7. Analysis of Cyclone dust collector air flow.

8. CFD analysis of shell and tube heat exchanger with fins for waste heat recovery application.

9. A theoretical analysis and CFD simulation on the on the ceramic monolith heat exchanger.

10. Analysis of water flow for Laminar & Turbulent Flow in Conventional Water Tap.

11. CFD Investigation of Airflow on a SANTRO Zing Car by using Fluent.

12. CFD analysis of rocket nozzle.

13. CFD analysis of supersonic exhaust in a scramjet engine.

14. Aerodynamic Design for Bus/Car Vehicle.

15. CFD analysis of exhaust manifold.

16. CFD analysis of centrifugal fan.

17. Analysis of intake manifold in SI engines.

18. CFD modelling of the automobile catalytic converter.

19. CFD analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer in a single tube-fin arrangement of an automotive radiator.

20. Computational flow field analysis of a vertical axis wind turbine.

Our Main Teachers

Mukundjee Pandey

Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering
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Sujit Mishra

Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering
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