Construction Materials

Teacher

Sagarika Panda

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name: Construction Material

Code(Credit) : ABC01(0-0-2)

Course Objectives

  • To introduce students to various materials commonly used in civil engineering construction and their properties.

Learning Outcomes

  • Knowledge: Able to learn basic theory about main building- and construction materials.
  • Skills: Able to make right and well-founded choice of materials.
  • General competence: Understand how properties of materials that are important in engineering can be related to the characteristics of the material.

Course Syllabus

THE CLASSES WILL BE DELIVERED IN FLIP CLASS MODE.

MODULE I: STRUCTURAL AND NONSTRUCTURAL

MATERIALS (3 hrs)

Overview of Materials and Building/Structural Types, Factors Affecting Choice of Materials and Structural Form, Mechanical Properties, Non-Mechanical Properties (physical properties, durability), Individual Building Materials Manufacturing, Properties, Comparative Behavior, Structural Steel, Composition, Material Properties, and Behaviour, Non-ferrous metals.

MODULE II: STONES, BRICKS, CONCRETE BLOCKS (3 hrs)

Stone as a building material, Criteria for selection, Refractory bricks, Concrete blocks, Lightweight concrete blocks, Air Cleaning Bricks, Passive Cooling Ceramics or hydro ceramic bricks, Fly ash bricks, AAC, ECA, CLC  blocks, EPS Building.

MODULE III: TIMBER, ROOF & FLOORING MATERIALS (4 hrs)

Timber, Market forms, Industrial Timber, Plywood, Mass timber, laminated timber and glue, laminated timber, Veneer, thermocol, Panels of laminates, Steel, Aluminum and Other Metallic Materials, Composition, Aluminium composite panel, Market forms, Mechanical treatment, Granite, Tile flooring, Cladding of tiles, materials according to types of roof, Elements of a pitched roof, Trussed roof, Steel Truss, Different roofing materials, R.C.C. Roof.

MODULE IV: NONSTRUCTURAL MATERIALS, ACCESSORIES, AND FINISHES (5 hrs)

Materials for doors and windows, Paneled door, Flush door, Collapsible door, Rolling shutter, PVC Door, Review of Nonstructural Materials and Criteria for Selection,  Polymer Floor Finishes, Paints, varnishes, enamel, distemper, Tiles, Acoustic Treatment, Drywalls, Anchors, plumbing and sanitary fittings.

MODULE V: EXTERIOR WALL MATERIALS (4 hrs)

Gypsum Area Separation Walls, Insulated Vinyl Siding, Tilt, Up Walls, OVE Framing, ICF Walls, House Wrap Installation Tips, Common Cladding Alternatives, Insulated Wall Panels, WPC sheets, Cinder Block Walls, GFRG panels, Alusion panels,3D, printed bioplastics.

MODULE VI: NEW GENERATION CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS (4 hrs)

Glass, Ceramics, Sealants for joints, Fibre glass-reinforced plastic, Clay products, Refractories, Composite materials, Types, Applications of laminar composites, Fibre textiles, Geomembranes and Geotextiles for earth reinforcement, Illuminating Cement, Prefabricated panels,  Bubble deck slab, Terracotta hollow brick, Cigarette Butts, Recycled cardboard, Sensitile, electrified wood, flexicombo, Richlite, liquid granite, carbon fibre, bendable concrete, concrete canvas, low e glass, transparent aluminum, paper insulation, Concrete, Masonry, Programmable Cement, Strand Rods, Concrete: Admixture,  translucent concrete, FRP, Shotcrete, Epoxy resin, and grouting.

MODULE VII: GREEN AND SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS (2 hrs)

Bamboo, Reclaimed wood, cork, mycelium, recycled steel, straw bales, rammed earth, hempcrete,  grasscrete, GGBFS, CSF, geopolymer, Silica fume, Fly ash, Red Mud, copper slag, construction demolition waste, waste plastic.

Text Books:

  1. Varghese.P.C,"Building Materials", PHI Learning Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2012.
  2. Rajput. R.K., "Engineering Materials", S. Chand and company Ltd., 2008.

 

Course outline                                       Prepared by Sagarika Panda     

Session Plan

Session 1

Overview of Materials and Building/Structural Types, Factors Affecting Choice of Materials and Structural Form, Mechanical Properties, Non-Mechanical Properties (physical properties, durability)

https://mycourses.aalto.fi/pluginfile.php/272892/course/section/60458/Lec01_Properties_of_building_materials.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohO6vdpOg2k

Session 2

Individual Building Materials Manufacturing, Properties, Comparative Behavior, Structural Steel, Composition, Material Properties, and Behaviour, Non-ferrous metals.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LzQnSfM7L3M

https://mechanicalc.com/reference/engineering-materials

Session 3

Stone as a building material, Criteria for selection, Refractory bricks, Concrete blocks, Lightweight concrete blocks.

https://youtu.be/sBnWD3ip74s

https://youtu.be/go3L4ys6P_k

https://youtu.be/EW3lzFHYBCE

Session 4

Air Cleaning Bricks, Passive Cooling Ceramics or hydro ceramic bricks, Fly ash bricks, AAC, ECA, CLC  blocks, EPS Building.

https://youtu.be/yeQeQ8Q0Ibg

http://Smart bricks: https://youtu.be/_Yf0KEcXIYA

https://youtu.be/Yq4npVV5FxA

https://youtu.be/H9GKXyVFX5E

 

Session 5

Timber, Market forms, Industrial Timber, Plywood, Mass timber, laminated timber and glue.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2eErOqTWwjc

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/12/timber,land/544146/

Session 8

Various types of floors, Granite, Tile flooring, Cladding of tiles, materials according to types of roof, Elements of a pitched roof, Trussed roof, Steel Truss, Different roofing materials, R.C.C. Roof.

https://www.nationwide.com/lc/resources/home/articles/types-of-roofing

https://www.thebalancesmb.com/recommended-flooring-types-844656

https://theconstructor.org/building/types-of-flooring-materials-uses-building/16992/

Session 9

Materials for doors and windows, Paneled door, Flush door, Collapsible door, Rolling shutter, PVC Door.

https://gharpedia.com/blog/types-of-doors/

Session 10

Review of Nonstructural Materials and Criteria for Selection, Polymer Floor Finishes, Paints, Tiles, Acoustic Treatment, Drywalls, Anchors.

https://freevideolectures.com/course/3516/modern-construction-materials

Session 12-13

Gypsum Area Separation Walls, Insulated Vinyl Siding, Tilt, Up Walls, OVE Framing, ICF Walls, House Wrap Installation Tips.

https://www.thebalancesmb.com/exterior,wall,materials,used,in,building,construction,844846

Session 14-15

Common Cladding Alternatives, Insulated Wall Panels, WPC sheets, Cinder Block Walls, GFRG panels

https://wfmmedia.com/effective-exterior-wall-cladding/

Session 16-17

Fireproof materials and soundproof wall, Alusion panels, 3D printed bioplastics.

https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2019/01/five,innovative,materials,that,could,change,construction/

Session 18

Glass, Ceramics, Sealants for joints, Fibre glass-reinforced plastic, Clay products, Refractories.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bKV4sEe-9mQ

Session 19

Composite materials, Types, Applications of laminar composites, Fibre textiles, Geomembranes and Geotextiles for earth reinforcement, Illuminating Cement, Prefabricated panels,  Bubble deck slab, Terracotta hollow brick, Cigarette Butts.

https://www.bigrentz.com/blog/the,future,of,building,materials https://aquicore.com/blog/10,new,materials,changing,commercial,/

Session 20-21

Transparent aluminum, paper insulation, Concrete, Masonry, Programmable Cement, Strand Rods, Concrete: Admixture,  translucent concrete, FRP, Shotcrete, Epoxy resin, and grouting.

https://www.archdaily.com/785175/komatsu,seiren,fabric,laboratory,creates,cabkoma,strand,rod,to,protect,building,from,earthquakes

https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/Masoud180/13,construction,material,from,the,future

Session 22-23

Bamboo, Reclaimed wood, cork, mycelium, recycled steel, straw bales, rammed earth, hempcrete,  grasscrete.

https://www.ofdesign.net/interior,design/the,new,generation,of,sustainable,building,materials,and,insulation,779

Session 24-25

GGBFS, CSF, geopolymer, Silica fume, Fly ash, Red Mud, copper slag, construction demolition waste, waste plastic.https://www.bigrentz.com/blog/the,future,of,building,materials https://aquicore.com/blog/10,new,materials,changing,commercial,/

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