Crime Scene Management & Forensic Physics

Teacher

Mr. Sanjeev S Koni

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Crime Scene Management and Forensic Physics

Code(Credit) : MSFS1103(4-0-0)

Course Objectives

This Course will cover in Depth Knowledge in crime Scene Management and Forensic Science will emphasis its importance and working in Forensic Science Laboratory.

Learning Outcomes

  • The Significance in crime scene management and forensic physics.
  • The Fundamental Principles, functions and Application of Industrial Products in forensic Science
  • The use of tools and techniques in identification and recognition in crime scene.
  • The working of the Regulatory affairs in forensic Establishment in India.

Course Syllabus

Module -I
Crime scene management:
Introduction to the crime scene, Types of crime scene, Evaluation and processing of crime scene, Securing the scene of crime, Documenting the crime scene( Note making, Sketching, Photography ,videography of crime scene), role of the first arriving officer at the crime scene
x Digital Imaging of Crime Scene, 3-D scanning technique
Searching techniques of Crime scene, Processing of physical evidence-discovering, recognizing and examination of physical evidences
x Collection, Safety measures for evidence collection
Preservation, Packaging, sealing, labeling and forwarding of physical evidences, Maintaining the chain of custody, Probative value of physical evidences, Reconstruction of scene of crime.
Introduction to physical evidences, Types of physical evidences, Classification and Role of physical evidences in Criminal Investigations & Trails
Advances in crime scene management:
x Tele forensic Technology for crime scene investigation
Information, Manpower, and logistics management of crime scene
Mobile kits and equipments, their utility on crime scene
Technology innovation in crime scene management
Case studies & report writing of crime scene visits
National and International scenario of crime scene management.

Module-II
Glass:
Introduction to glass, Types of glass and their compositions, Forensic examination of glass fractures under different conditions, determination of direction of impact: hackle marks, backward fragmentation, Physical measurements of glass, color and fluorescence, physical matching, density comparison, physical measurements, refractive index by refractometer, elemental analysis, and interpretation of glass evidence, Case Studies.
Paints:
Introduction, Composition, Manufacture of Paint, types of paint, Forensic Examination of Paints and Coatings: Collection and Preservation of paint samples, macroscopic and microscopic techniques for the characterization of Paint Fragments, Physical , Chemical & Instrumental analysis of paint, , interpretation of Paint Evidence, Case Studies
Soil:
Soil and its composition, Classification of soil, Collection and preservation of soil as a evidence, analysis of soil samples: Physical, chemical and instrumental, interpretation of soil evidence, Case Studies.

Module -III
Tool mark Evidences
Introduction to tool marks, Types of tool marks, Class characteristics and individual characteristics of tool marks, Collection and Preservation of tool marks, Forensic examination of tool marks, Case Studies
Restoration of erased/obliterated marks:
x Principle of restoration of erased marks, Techniques involved for alteration of individual
markings, Restoration of erased and obliterated marks on various surfaces, Photography and Forensic assessment of methods for restoration of obliterated marks, case studies
Bite marks
Objectives and forensic importance of bitemark examination, the typical bitemarks morphology, types of bitemarks, Evidence collection from victims and suspects, Photography, lifting, preservation of bite marks, casting of bitemarks, Identification and
comparison of bite marks, Case Studies
Tyre Impressions
Introduction to tire impressions, Collection and Preservation of the tire impression evidence, Forensic Significance of skid marks, Forensic Examination for identification and comparison, Case Studies

Module-IV
Footprints & Shoe impression examination
Introduction to footprints & Shoe impression , locating impressions at the scene of crime, Evidence collection: Collection, Lifting/Casting and Preservation of foot/footwear impressions, importance of Gait pattern, Forensic Identification and Methods of comparison, Case Studies
Lip print
Introduction to Cheiloscopy and history of lip prints, Classification of lip prints, Collection, Development , Identification and Comparison of lip prints
Ear Prints
Introduction to the history of ear prints, Morphology of the ear, Procedure of taking standards from the suspects, Identification and comparison of ear prints

Module-V
Speaker identification:
Speaker identification and tape authentication: voice production theory, Speech signal processing and pattern recognition, acoustic parameters of sound, analogue to digital conversion, Frequency and time domain representation of speech signal, fast Fourier transform, Authentication of audio-video signal, Interpretation of voice evidence and Case studies.

Reference Books:
C.E. O ‘Hara al1d .J.W. Osterburg; An Introduction to Criminalistics: Indiana University Press, Blomington.
Dahiya M S, Crime scene management: a scientific approach; Shanti Sarvar Prakashan
R. Saferstein; Forensic Sciences Handbook, Vols. I, II; (Ed); Prentice Hall, Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ;
F.W. Sears, M.W Zemansky, and H. D. Young; University Physics, Sixth Ed., Narosa;
Dennis Shaw; Physics in the Prevention and Detection of Crime, Contem Phys. Vol 7;
Philip Rose; Forensic Speaker Identification; Taylor and Francis Forensic Sciences Series, London
Bengold & Nelson Moryson- Speech and Audio signal processing; John Wiley & Sons, USA, Nickolls, L.C; Scientific Investigation of Crime, Bulterwest, London
Raymond C Murray & John C.F Tedrew; Forensic Geology; Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Working Procedure Manual: Physics BPR&D Publication
B. Caddy; Forensic Examination of glass and paints analysis and interpretation ISBN 0784 05749
Philip Rose; Forensic Speaker Identification; Taylor & Francis Forensic Sciences series, London
Bengold& Nelson Morgan; Speech and Audio Signal Processing; John Wiley and Sons, USA
Jenkins and White; Fundamentals of Optics; Mc Graw Hill; Fourth Ed, (I) James, S.H. And Nordby, J. J.; Forensic Sciences; An Introduction to Scientific And Investigative Techniques, CRC Press USA
Ray D. Kent and Charles Read; Acoustic analysis of speech
Phil Rose & James R Robertson; Forensic speaker identification.

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction to the crime scene, Types of crime scene

Session 2

Evaluation and processing of crime scene, Securing the scene of crime,

Session 3

Documenting the crime scene( Note making, Sketching, Photography ,videography of crime scene),

Session 4

role of the first arriving officer at the crime scene

Session 5

Digital Imaging of Crime Scene, 3-D scanning technique

Session 6

Processing of physical evidence-discovering, recognizing and examination of physical evidences

Session 7

Collection, Safety measures for evidence collection
Preservation, Packaging, sealing, labeling and forwarding of physical evidences

Session 8

Maintaining the chain of custody, Probative Value of Physical Evidence.

Session 9

Reconstruction of scene of crime.

Session 10

Introduction to physical evidences, Types of physical evidences,

Session 11

Classification and Role of physical evidences in Criminal Investigations & Trails

Session 12

Tele forensic Technology for crime scene investigation

Session 13

Information, Manpower, and logistics management of crime scene

Session 14

Mobile kits and equipments, their utility on crime scene, Technology innovation in crime scene management

Session 15

Case studies & report writing of crime scene visits, National and International scenario of crime scene management

Session 16

Introduction to glass, Types of glass and their compositions,

Session 17

Forensic examination of glass fractures under different conditions.

Session 18

determination of direction of impact: hackle marks, backward fragmentation, Physical measurements of glass, color and fluorescence,

Session 19

physical matching, density comparison, physical measurements.

Session 20

refractive index by refractometer, elemental analysis, and interpretation of glass evidence, Case Studies.

Session 21

Introduction, Composition, Manufacture of Paint, types of paint, Forensic Examination of Paints and Coatings:

Session 22

Collection and Preservation of paint samples, macroscopic and microscopic techniques for the characterization of Paint Fragments, Physical , Chemical.

Session 23

Instrumental analysis of paint, , interpretation of Paint Evidence, Case Studies

Session 24

Soil and its composition, Classification of soil,

Session 25

Collection and preservation of soil as a evidence, analysis of soil samples: Physical, chemical and instrumental, interpretation of soil evidence, Case Studies.

Session 26

Introduction to tool marks, Types of tool marks, Class characteristics and individual characteristics of tool marks, Collection and Preservation of tool marks, Forensic examination of tool marks, Case Studies

Session 27

Principle of restoration of erased marks, Techniques involved for alteration of individual markings.

Session 28

Restoration of erased and obliterated marks on various surfaces, Photography and Forensic assessment of methods for restoration of obliterated marks, case studies

Session 29

Bite marks: Objectives and forensic importance of bitemark examination.

Session 30

The typical bitemarks morphology, types of bitemarks, Evidence collection from victims and suspects, Photography, lifting, preservation of bite marks, casting of bitemarks, Identification and comparison of bite marks, Case Studies

Session 31

Introduction to tire impressions, Collection and Preservation of the tire impression evidence, Forensic Examination for identification and comparison, Case Studies

Session 32

Introduction to footprints & Shoe impression , locating impressions at the scene of crime, Evidence collection: Collection, Lifting/Casting and Preservation of foot/footwear impressions.

Session 33

Importance of Gait pattern, Forensic Identification and Methods of comparison, Case Studies

Session 34

Introduction to Cheiloscopy and history of lip prints, Classification of lip prints, Collection, Development , Identification and Comparison of lip prints.

Session 35

Introduction to the history of ear prints, Morphology of the ear, Procedure of taking standards from the suspects, Identification and comparison of ear prints.

Session 36

Speaker identification and tape authentication: voice production theory.

Session 37

Speech signal processing and pattern recognition, acoustic parameters of sound.

Session 38

Analogue to digital conversion.

Session 39

Frequency and time domain representation of speech signal.

Session 40

Fast Fourier transform, Authentication of audio-video signal, Interpretation of voice evidence and Case studies.

Case Studies

Case Studies

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