Dairy Plant Design and Layout

Teacher

Vivek Kumar

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Dairy Plant Design and Layout

Code(Credit) : CUTM1162(1-0-1)

Course Objectives

  • To impart knowledge of classification, hygienic consideration for dairy processing plants.
  • To impart knowledge of different aspect of Dairy plant planning, design aspect, building construction materials and Computer aided design.

Learning Outcomes

  • Students will learn various aspects of dairy plant design and layouts such as classification, hygienic design consideration, dairy building planning, principles of design layout.
  • Students will also learn about building constructional materials and to draw layout of different dairy product plants such as butter, ghee, cheese etc.

Course Syllabus

Syllabus

Module 1

Introduction of Dairy Plant design and layout: Type of dairies, perishable nature of milk, reception flexibility. Classification of dairy plants, Location of plant, location problems, selection of site. Hygienic design considerations for dairy processing plants. Planning: Dairy building planning, Process schedule, basis of dairy layout, importance of planning, principles of dairy layout. Space requirements for dairy plants, estimation of service requirements including peak load consideration.

Project

  • Building symbols and convention. Symbols for equipments.
  • Study of process schedule.
  • To draw layout of collection/chilling center.
  • Visit to dairy processing plant for understanding of layout of different sections.

Module 2

Dairy plant design aspects: General points of considerations for designing dairy plant, floor plant types of layouts, service accommodation, single or multilevel design. Arrangement of different sections in dairy, sitting the process sections, utility/service sections, offices and workshop. Arrangement of equipment, milk piping, material handling in dairies, Common problems, office layouts-flexibility.  Development and presentation of layout, model planning, and use of planning table in developing plot plant and detailed layout.

 

Project

  • To draw layout of small dairy plant.
  • To draw layout of medium dairy plant.
  • To draw layout of large dairy plant.

 

Module 3

Building construction materials: Floors, general requirement of dairy floor finishes, floors for different section of dairy. Foundations, walls doors and windows. Other design aspects: Drains and drain layout for small and large dairies. Ventilation, fly control, mold prevention, illumination in dairy plants.

Project

  • To draw layout of cheese plant.
  • To draw layout of ice-cream plant.
  • To draw layout of butter manufacturing unit.
  • To draw layout of ghee plant.

 

Module 4

Computer aided Design: Introduction to CAD software.

Project

  • To draw layout of small dairy plant using CAD.
  • To draw layout of composite dairy plant using CAD.

 

Suggested Reading

  1. Chander, L. 2004. Dairy Plant Layout and Design. Directorate of Information and Publ. of Agriculture, ICAR.
  2. Farrall, A. W. 1963. Engineering for Dairy and Food Products. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  3. Hall, H. S. and Blombergsson, H. 1963. Milk Plant Layout. Food and Agriculture Organization Publ. United Nations.
  4. Moore, J. M. 1962. Plant Layout & Design. Macmillan Publ., USA.

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction of Dairy Plant design and layout: Type of dairies, perishable nature of milk, reception flexibility.

Session 1 Study Material

Session 2

Classification of dairy plants, Location of plant, location problems, selection of site. Hygienic design considerations for dairy processing plants.

Session 2 Study Material

Session 3

Planning: Dairy building planning, Process schedule, basis of dairy layout, importance of planning, principles of dairy layout. Space requirements for dairy plants, estimation of service requirements including peak load consideration.

Session 3 Study Material

Session 4

Project: Building symbols and convention. Symbols for equipments.

Session 5

Project: Study of process schedule.

Session 6

Project: To draw layout of collection/chilling center.

Session 7

Project: Visit to dairy processing plant for understanding of layout of different sections.

Session 8

Dairy plant design aspects: General points of considerations for designing dairy plant, floor plant types of layouts, service accommodation, single or multilevel design.

Session 8 Study Material

Session 9

Arrangement of different sections in dairy, sitting the process sections, utility/service sections, offices and workshop. Arrangement of equipment, milk piping, material handling in dairies, Common problems, office layouts-flexibility.

Session 9 Study Material

Session 10

Development and presentation of layout, model planning, and use of planning table in developing plot plant and detailed layout.

Session 10 Study Material

Session 11

Project: To draw layout of small dairy plant.

Session 12

Project: To draw layout of medium dairy plant.

Session 13

Project: To draw layout of large dairy plant.

Session 14

Building construction materials: Floors, general requirement of dairy floor finishes, floors for different section of dairy. Foundations, walls doors and windows.

Session 14 Study Material

Session 15

Other design aspects: Drains and drain layout for small and large dairies. Ventilation, fly control, mold prevention, illumination in dairy plants.

Session 15 Study Material

Session 16

Project: To draw layout of cheese plant.

Session 17

Project: To draw layout of ice-cream plant.

Session 18

Project: To draw layout of butter manufacturing unit.

Session 19

Project: To draw layout of ghee manufacturing plant.

Session 20

Computer aided Design: Introduction to CAD software.

Session 21

Project: To draw layout of small dairy plant using CAD.

Video Link Making a simple floor plan in AutoCAD

Session 22

Project: To draw layout of composite dairy plant using CAD.

Case Studies

Case Studies

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