Development Project Management Planning Tools and Techniques – II

Teacher

Anita Patra

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Development Project Management Planning Tools and Techniques - II

Code(Credit) : CUTM1245(1-1-2)

Course Objectives

  • The objective of the course is to impart relevant knowledge and skills on Appraisal, Planning, and Monitoring & Evaluation and impact assessment of development projects and programmes.
  • The course comprise of theory, data capturing and analysis tools, workshops and field practice to enable the students to gain practical knowledge on development planning and strategies of local development.

Learning Outcomes

  • Students will be able to capture required data, present in tables, graphs and describe the data. They will be able to analyse the data using measures of central tendency.
  • They will be able to use quantum GIS, map the socio, cultural, institutional, political details of the village.
  • Students will be able to apply data mapping tools, spatial mapping tools and PRA tools. The students will apply the tools to a live project through a baseline survey and then prepare a development plan.

Course Syllabus

Module-1

DATA COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION

Data and its importance, sources of data collection, data collection methods, presentation of data using tables and graphs/charts, Data Analysis using measures of central tendency, present a report using the data collected.

Pedagogy: The module will be covered through different tasks of data collection and presentations. Field work, student presentations and classroom discussions on the task performed will follow Action-reflection-action model.

Task-1: Students (two in a group) will be asked to study a Socio-Economic study from the internet (learnt in DPMPT-I) and present the questionnaire, method used and the features of the study.

Task-2: Students (two in a group) will be asked to select a theme for conducting a study on the nearby village, prepare the questionnaire for the baseline survey, collect data and present the data in table—cross tabs, graphs, summarise it using average, percentage etc. Submit a report on the study conducted.

 

Module-2

SPATIAL TOOLS AND ANALYSIS 

Introduction to GIS, QGIS and Village GIS, Installation of QGIS software, Data collection using mobile (mobile GPS mapping),  Data representation, Conversion of data to create maps and preparation of layout. Use Quantum GIS to map socio, cultural, institutional, political details of a village.

Pedagogy: Workshops and Field survey using GIS, mapping the data in the Labs.

Task - 3: Preparation of village resource map

 

Module-3

PARTICIPATORY MAPPING TOOLS AND APPROACHES FOR DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

Participatory Rural Appraisal methods:

  • Venn diagram,
  • Social maps and analysis,
  • seasonal analysis,
  • Livelihoods analysis,
  • Map of services and opportunities,
  • Timelines, Trendlines,
  • Natural Resource mapping,
  • Transect walk and diagramming,

Logical Framework Approach :

  • Stakeholder analysis;
  • Problem tree: cause and effect diagram;
  • Objective tree (Analysis): Means and End diagram, Force field Analysis;
  • Alternative Analysis;
  • Development of Project Planning Matrix

Gram Sabha Approach to planning :

  • Comprehensive Village Analysis-
    • Social  analysis;
    • Economic analysis;
    • Vulnerability analysis;
    • Women’s situation analysis;
    • Power and relationship analysis;
  • Mapping the status of rights
    • Problem  prioritization,
    • Problem tree analysis,
    • Rights mapping/understanding problems from the rights perspective;
  • Baseline of the current situation;
  • Participatory indicators of change/success
    • Dream  map,
    • Indicators  of  change/success;
  • Village development/Action plan
    • Detailed implementation plan
    • Using the Village Book to link with government plans and mobilise resources

Pedagogy: Workshops and field practice exercises, the data collected during data capturing will be validated through PRA tools. FGDs will be conducted with different groups to discuss in detail about the alternative plans and subsequently prepare a developmental plan using either LFA or Gram Sabha approach. Training Manuals of LFA and Gram Sabha Approach will be used.

Task - 4: Preparation of Developmental plan for the village

 

References:

  1. Development Planning: Concepts and Tools for Planners, Managers and Facilitators by Dale, R. (2004), London, Zed Books
  2. Logical Framework Approach (PDF) - LFAUNDP
  3. Village Book Training Manual (PDF) - village_book_training_manual_english__0
  4. PLA Training Manual (PDF) http://idp-key-resources.org/documents/0000/d04267/000.pdf
  5. PLA  http://idp-key-resources.org/documents/0000/d04267/000.pdf
  6. PLA Toolkithttps://herproject.org/files/toolkits/HERproject-Participatory-Learning.pdf
  7. LFA Handbookhttp://www.ccop.or.th/ppm/document/home/LFA%20by%20NORAD%20Handbook.pdf
  8. ZOPP Training Manual - http://2inno.eu/en/content/zopp-methodology
  9. GPDP Manual - http://nirdpr.org.in/gpdpmanuals.aspx
  10. Suggested reading: Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire
  11. PRA

Session Plan

Session 1 & 2

Introduction to the course.

Data and its importance, Divide the students into groups of two. Ask them to take up a topic for data collection, compilation and presentation using graphs, Data Analysis using measures of central tendency, present a report using the data collected

Data Collection and analysis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFGVJJMDo4I

Session 3 & 4

Task-1 Student preparation for Data collection and presentation

Topic finalisation, writing down the objective, data source, preparing the questionnaire/interview questions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lV1s5NQWN_A

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CM2E_c6tZ8

Session 5 &6

Work on the data collected- compile the data and present in tables, charts/graphs and analyse the same.

Compilation and tabulation of data- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uaixgd2qeMM

Analysing, Interpreting and Presenting the data - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e1hqXq0JyK0

Session 7 &8

Student presentation on the study conducted

Data analysis and discussion- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLKz5BrfALk

Session 9 & 10

Task -2 Student preparation for Data collection and presentation

Do Baseline study for a village (as learnt in DPMPT-I)

Objective of the study, Questionnaire preparation, flow of the study.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8GPiIH_QoE

Village_level_Survey Form, Unnat Bharat_7th March, 2017

Lifestyle survey of Indian farmers (1)

Session 11 & 12

Student Task-2 (Field work)

Select a nearby village to conduct a survey (use the preparation done in task-1), collect data, compile data, tabulate, present and analyse data

Session 13 & 14

Students will work on compiling the data, analysing the data and preparing a presentation

Session 15 & 16

Make a presentation on the study done with a focus on identifying a problem to be addressed.

Ways of presenting data https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_yeh8ndRlAI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLKz5BrfALk

Session 17 & 18

Workshop on GIS and spatial tools to prepare a map of a village

What is GIS - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ZFmAAHBfOU

GPS to GIS: Mapping Field Data with ArcGIS Desktop 10 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i64d-_pAYU0

Session 19 & 20

Task - 3

Students will do a practical exercise by going to the village and capturing the data points to prepare the map of the village.  Transfer this details to the computer and GIS software and prepare the map (along with all key resources)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfxlgLnIoDM

Session 21 & 22

Complete the map of the village and present it.

Village GIS Ralegao Siddhi

Session 23 & 24

Task -4 Village Development Plan

Road map discussion and finalisation for preparation of Village Development Plan

http://cmdo.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Village-Development-Plan-VDP-Kaka-Khel-Lower-LM.pdf

Session 25, 26, 27 & 28

Field work in the village - with a focus to know the resources, the power balance, livelihoods, Timelines of important events, the trend existing in the village, any event/calamity that might have occurred in the village etc.

Participatory Rural Appraisal methods:

  • Venn diagram,
  • Social maps and analysis,
  • seasonal analysis,
  • Livelihoods analysis,
  • Map of services and opportunities,
  • Timelines, Trendlines,
  • Natural Resource mapping,
  • Transect walk and diagramming

Participatory Rural Appraisal and Rapid Rural Appraisal for JFM Programme implementation- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F2ZYBFCHb4s

PRA - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Participatory_rural_appraisal

PRA EXCERCISE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uFIjkQrex4

Session 29 & 30

Discussion and report preparation findings from PRA done in the village

Session 31 & 32

Understanding LFA and how to do it practically in the village.

Discussion of LFA learnt in DPMPT-1, preparing for practical use in the village

https://sswm.info/sites/default/files/reference_attachments/UNSO%202000%20Logical%20Framework%20Analysis.pdf

https://www.logframer.eu/book/export/html/16

Session 33, 34, 35 & 36

Field work: LFA in the village

Logical Framework Approach :

  • Stakeholder analysis;
  • Problem tree: cause and effect diagram;
  • Objective tree (Analysis): Means and End diagram, Force field Analysis;
  • Alternative Analysis;
  • Development of Project Planning Matrix

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAqnfgUNZjU

http://deza-pcmi-lernbuch-3.prod2.lernetz.ch/module-2-en/4%20The%20Five%20Planning%20Stages%20of%20the%20Logical%20Framework%20Approach

Session 37 & 38

Discussion and report preparation on the LFA conducted in the village

Session 39 & 40

Preparing  the process to be followed in the village as per Gram Panchayat Development Plan - Recalling the topics learnt in DPMPT-1

https://actionaid.org/publications/2014/village-book-training-manual-community-led-and-planning-process

How to organise a Gram Sabha https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/community-power/role-of-gram-sabha/how-to-organise-a-gram-sabha

Session 41, 42, 43 & 44

Field work - Through Gram Sabha meetings, meeting the village leader, conducting FGDs and conducting the following:

  • Comprehensive Village Analysis-
    • Social  analysis;
    • Economic analysis;
    • Vulnerability analysis;
    • Women’s situation analysis;
    • Power and relationship analysis;
  • Mapping the status of rights
    • Problem  prioritization,
    • Problem tree analysis,
    • Rights mapping/understanding problems from the rights perspective;
  • Baseline of the current situation;
  • Participatory indicators of change/success
    • Dream  map,
    • Indicators  of  change/success;

https://actionaid.org/publications/2014/village-book-training manual-community-led-and-planning-process

Session 45 & 46

Discussion and preparation of report on the Gram Panchayat/ sabha meetings

Session 47 & 48

Preparation of the Developmental Plan

Few groups using the PRA & LFA technique

Few groups using the GPDP technique

Session 49 & 50

FINAL PRESENTATION OF THE VILLAGE PLAN

& Report submission

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      Professor in Management and an enthusiast learner with teaching and research experience of 20 years. Research interests and publications in the area of Rural entrepreneurship, Banking, Women entrepreneurship. Have been a part of many training and research projects.   “SUCCESS IS NO ACCIDENT. IT IS HARD WORK, PERSEVERANCE, LEARNING, STUDYING, SACRIFICE AND MOST OF […]