Electrical, Plumbing and Wood Works

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Mr. Deepayan Padhy

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Course Name : Electrical, Plumbing and Wood Works

Code(Credit) : ABC01(1-2-0)

Course Objectives

  • To understand the installation for electrical systems in a building.
    To study carpentry work in the building, installation of doors, windows, etc.
    To understand and demonstrate installation of plumbing systems in the building.

Learning Outcomes

  • Identify timber and perform sawing and planning using hand and power tools.
    Demonstrate surface finish with exact sizing by planning operation.
    Prepare different wooden Joints. (Range of skill - framing joint, Housing joints, broadening joints, Lengthening joints )
    Make small wooden job as per drawing with schedule sizes of timber or alternatives of timber i.e. FRP, MDF, FOAM using various hardware.
    Make different types of doors and windows with fixing of components.
    Demonstrate joining of electrical wire and carry out soldering, crimping observing related safety precautions.
    Demonstrate Electrical wiring with fixing of accessories conforming ISI rules ( Range of skills - different types of Electrical wiring, joining of Fuses, fixing of MCB, a connection of lamp with switch and different fitting, etc.)
    Demonstrate installation of electrical appliances, Earthing and estimate costing of wiring
    Prepare a Simple pipe connection demonstrating cutting, joining of pipes with different methods using different types of fittings.
    Prepare layout of soil pipe and waste pipe with different types of sanitary fittings

Course Syllabus

Module I: Carpentry Tools (5 hrs)

Theory:
Defects in timber, diseases of timber, knots, shakes, grains, etc. Carpentry hand tools, measuring tools and uses. Work holding devices, power tools, viz. saws, drills, etc. Description of Carpentry Joinery, Planing, Moulding, Rebating, Chamfering, Sawing, Etc. Type of different planes and their proper uses in woodwork. Description, function and its size setting, knowledge of sharpening and uses, etc. knowledge of using marking gauges. Important instruments are necessary for checking flatness and twistness of the surface. Sharpening and grinding angle of the cutter. (2hr)

Practice:-
Identify different wooden sample pieces i.e.- softwood & hardwood, wooden grains, etc. & their applications Annual ring, knots, shakes & chicks, etc.). Demonstrate the application of hand tools, measuring tools, and work holding devices. Demonstrate the use of different power tools, viz. saws, drills, etc. Perform sawing, planning, Moulding, Rebating, Chamfering, etc. using different types of saws, and plains. Sharpen and set different type saw blades and planer blades/ cutters. (----2hrs)
Planning face, face edge, etc. Demonstrate the use of marking, mortise gauge, etc. Test the accuracy of flatness and twist-ness of the surface by using a try square. Demonstrate the use of winding strips, cross planning, edge planning. Demonstrate a portable power planer machine and its function. (---2 hrs)

Module II: Woodwork (5 hrs)

Theory:
Portable power planer - useful in modern woodwork and new technology design. Description of different types of joints. Uses of joint:- Framing joint angle joint and lengthening joint, housing joint, broadening joint, etc. Wood products - Industrial forms of timber - Veneer - Laminated sheet - Fibreboard - Hardboard - Plywood, Calculation of timber required for Wall Bracket. List the sequence of operations of the job. Doors –Parts, Location, standard sizes, types. Windows-types. Ventilators-purpose-types. (2hr)

Practice:
Make framing joint - Mortise and tenon Joint (Single and double, Plain hunched Mitre corner, ) Make Housing joints - Full housing, Bridle, Stopped housing. Make broadening joints - Simple butt joint, Riveted butt joint, etc. Lengthening joints: End half-lap joint, End overlap joint, End bends lap joint, slopping scarf, racking scared, half lapping scarf, table scarf joint, etc. (---2hrs)
Make a joint on the hardwood to make a small frame. Stopped Tenon & Mortise joint on the hardwood in the frame to set themselves. Make shelves by six pieces of hardwood with a single lapped half-lap dovetail joint with frame (two nos. of selves). (---2hrs)

Module III: Electrical Tools and Wiring (7hr)

Theory:-
Electrical Wiring:- Safety precaution and elementary first aid. Artificial respiration and treatment of electrical shock. Elementary electricity and its units. General ideas of the supply system. Wireman͛s tools kit. Wiring materials. Electrical fittings. System of wirings. Wiring installation for domestic lightings. Conductor, insulator, semiconductor, cable joints, measurement of cable. Types of Fuses, MCB soldering, ELCB, RCCB, ABCB, MCCB AC and DC, AC fundamentals, polyphase types of electrical wiring Different Electrical wiring accessories, ISI rules of wiring Illumination. Earthing, types of earthing Earthing Pit. (1hr)

Practice:-
Prepare terminations of cable ends. Practice on skinning, twisting, and crimping. Identify various types of cables and measure conductor size using SWG and micrometer. (---1hrs)
Make a simple twist, married, Tee, and western union joints. Make Britannia straight, Britannia Tee, and rat tail joints. Practice in Soldering of joints/lugs. (---1hrs)
Demonstrate different electrical wiring systems with fixing of different accessories. Make electrical Fuse joints, fixing MCB.(---2hrs)

Module IV: Electrical Appliances (7hrs)

Theory
Different electrical appliances, accessories, Voltmeter. Estimation and costing of wiring. Explanation and working of different types of transformers and their classification. (1hr)

Practice:
Connect lamps with switches. Staircase circuit wiring. (---1hrs)
Install earthing in different positions. Install and connect electrical appliances and take a reading with Voltmeter. Prepare materials list and cost of wiring. (---1 hrs)
Identify transformer, test and use. (--1hrs)

Module V: Plumbing Tools (7hrs)

Theory:- Plumbing tools, materials used in plumbing, Different types of pipes, fittings and Joints - GI, PVC, AC, SW, CI, lead, steel - Properties and use in plumbing work. Method of cutting and joining of pipes. Drills - types and uses. Tap and Dies - types and uses, calculation of Tap drill size. (2hr)

Practice:-
Perform a Simple pipe connection using G.I. Pipes, socket, elbow, tee, reducing elbow, G.I. union, cap plug, reducer, Three face elbow, reducing socket, plug, G.I. nipple, etc. (2hrs).
Perform Joining of pipe with – thread joint, lead joint, flange joint, cement joint, D. Joint, etc. (---1 hrs)

Module VI Plumbing pipe fitting (7hrs)

Theory:
Sanitary Technical terms - sewer, sewage, sullage, etc. -Soil pipe and waste pipe fitting Different types of water closets Different types of urinal port Kitchen sinks, Bathtub, Washbasin. Water meter, installation of the water meter. Removal of airlock Purification of water Mineral matter, Hardness, Causes of Scale formation & their Removal. (1hr)

Practice:
Perform Joining of pipe with Elbow joint, socket joint, Tee joint, reducing elbow joint, floor trap joint, etc. (---1 hrs)
The layout of soil pipe and waste pipe to the sanitary fitting using different types of fitting viz. Door junction, door Bend, H.R. bend, Plain Bend, Double door junction, inverter junction, cowel , floor trap, Gully trap, P-trap etc. (---2 hrs)
Fitting of I.W.C with a high-level cistern. Fitting of the washbasin. Fitting of E.W.C. with a low-level cistern. Fitting a kitchen sink. Fitting of the bathtub. Fitting a urinal pot with an auto cistern. (---2hrs)

Module VII: Installations (5 hrs)

Theory:
Water Purification: Treatment plants for different groundwater contaminants, Treatment plants for surface water. Types of damages in taps, valves, water meter, and tanks - Method of rectification Water supply - Sources of water Storage of water Distribution of water Different types of valves used in Plumbing, Types of tanks R.C.C., P.V.C. Iron tanks etc. (1 hrs)
Practice:
Install a water meter. Remove the airlock. Determination of pH by pH meter. (----1 hrs)
Recondition taps, valves & flushing tank, test for correct functioning. Prepare a water supply pipeline system in residential buildings using different types of valves, fittings, and appliances. (---1 hrs)

Session Plan

Session 1

Lecture 1hr

Topic: Wood Works and related tools

Introduction to woodworks: Defects in timber, diseases of timber, knots, shakes, grains, etc. Carpentry hand tools, measuring tools, and uses. Work holding devices, power tools, viz. saws, drills, etc. Description of Carpentry Joinery, Planing, Moulding, Rebating, Chamfering, Sawing, Etc.

Presentation

Session 2

Lecture 1hr

Topic: Uses of carpentry tools

Type of different planes and their proper uses in woodwork. Description, function and its size setting, knowledge of sharpening and uses, etc. knowledge of using marking gauges. Important instruments are necessary for checking flatness and twistness of the surface. Sharpening and grinding angle of the cutter.

Presentation

Session 3

Practice 1 (----2hrs)

Objective: Identity different wood samples and demonstration of tools.

Description:
Identify different wooden sample pieces i.e.- softwood & hardwood, wooden grains etc. & their applications Annual ring, knots, shakes & chicks etc.). Demonstrate the application of hand tools, measuring tools, and work holding devices. Demonstrate the use of different power tools, viz. saws, drills, etc. Perform sawing, planning, Moulding, Rebating, Chamfering, etc. using different types of saws, and plains. Sharpen and set different type saw blades and planer blades/ cutters.

Outcome: Submit the procedure for the uses of different carpentry tools.

Session 4

Practice 2 (--2hrs)

Objective: To demonstrate the use of tools and methods for finishing a wooden sample.

Descriptions: Planning face, face edge, etc. Demonstrate the use of marking, mortise gauge etc. Test the accuracy of flatness and twist-ness of the surface by using a try square. Demonstrate the use of winding strips, cross planning, edge planning. Demonstrate a portable power planer machine and its function. (---2 hrs)

Outcomes: Submit the wooden sample after winding strips, cross planning, edge planning.

Session 5

Lecture (--1hr)

Topic: Wooden Joints and fittings

Description: Portable power planer - useful in modern woodwork and new technology design. Description of different types of joints. Uses of joint:- Framing joint angle joint and lengthening joint, housing joint, broadening joint etc. .

UPVC vs Aluminium vs Wooden Windows

Session 6

Lecture (--1hr)

Topic: Wooden Product and fittings

Description: Wood products - Industrial forms of timber - Veneer - Laminated sheet - Fibreboard - Hardboard - Plywood, Calculation of timber required for Wall Bracket. List out the sequence of operation of the job. Doors –Parts, Location, standard sizes, types. Windows-types. Ventilators-purpose-types.

UPVC vs Aluminium vs Wooden Windows

Session 7

Practice 3 (--2hrs)

Objective: Making a joint sample frame

Description: Make a joint on the hardwood to make a small frame. Stopped Tenon & Mortise joint on the hardwood in the frame to set themselves. Make shelves by six pieces of hardwood with a single lapped half-lap dovetail joint with frame (two nos. of selves). (---2hrs)

Session 8

Practice 4 (--2hrs)

Objective: Making a joint sample

Description: Make framing joint - Mortise and tenon Joint (Single and double, Plain hunched Mitre corner, ) Make Housing joints - Full housing, Bridle, Stopped housing. Make broadening joints - Simple butt joint, Riveted butt joint, etc. Lengthening joints: End half-lap joint, End overlap joint, End bends lap joint, slopping scarf, racking scared, half lapping scarf, table scarf joint etc.

Outcome: make a joint sample and submit it.

Session 9

Lecture 1hr

Topic: Introduction to Electrical Wiring

Description: Electrical Wiring:- Safety precaution and elementary first aid. Artificial respiration and treatment of electrical shock. Elementary electricity and its units. General ideas of the supply system. Wireman͛s tools kit. Wiring materials. Electrical fittings. System of wirings. Wiring installation for domestic lightings. Conductor, insulator, semiconductor, cable joints, measurement of cable. Types of Fuses, MCB soldering, ELCB, RCCB, ABCB, MCCB AC and DC, AC fundamentals, polyphase types of electrical wiring Different Electrical wiring accessories, ISI rules of wiring Illumination. Earthing, types of earthing Earthing Pit. (1hr)

Session 10

Practice 5 (--1hrs)

Objectives: Prepare cable for skinning, twisting, and crimping

Descriptions: Prepare terminations of cable ends. Practice on skinning, twisting, and crimping. Identify various types of cables and measure conductor size using SWG and micrometer. (---1hrs)

Session 11

Practice 5 (--1hrs)

Objective: Make Electrical joints

Description: Make a simple twist, married, Tee, and western union joints. Make Britannia straight, Britannia Tee, and rat tail joints. Practice in Soldering of joints/lugs.

Session 12

Practice 6 (--2hrs)

Objective: To perform wiring and fixing of different electrical accessories

Description: Demonstrate different electrical wiring systems with fixing of different accessories. Make electrical Fuse joints, fixing MCB.(---2hrs)

Session 13

Lecture 1 hr

Topic: Electrical appliances

Descriptions: Different electrical appliances, accessories, Voltmeter. Estimation and costing of wiring. Explanation and working of different types of transformers and their classification. (1hr)

Session 14

Practice-7 (--1hr)

Objective: Connect lamps/fans with switches, Staircase circuit wiring

Descriptions: Connect lamps with switches. Staircase circuit wiring. Godown wiring. Hospital wiring

Session 15

Practice-9 (--1hr)

Objective: install earthing, uses of voltmeter

Description: Install earthing in different positions. Install and connect electrical appliances and take a reading with Voltmeter. Prepare materials list and cost of wiring. (---1 hrs)

Session 16

Practice-10 (--1hr)

Objective: Identity transformer, test, and use. (--1hrs)

Session 17

Lecture 1 hr

Topic: Plumbing tools and pipes

Description: Plumbing tools, materials used in plumbing, Different types of pipes, fittings, and Joints - GI, PVC, AC, SW, CI, lead, steel - Properties and use in plumbing work. Method of cutting and joining of pipes. Drills - types and uses. Tap and Dies - types and uses, calculation of Tap drill size. (1hr)

Session 18

Practice-11 (--2hr)

Objective: Perform joining of pipes

Description: Perform Joining of pipe with – thread joint, lead joint, flange joint, cement joint, D. Joint. (---2 hrs)

Session 19

Practice-12 (--2hr)

Objective: Perform pipe connections

Description: Perform a Simple pipe connection using G.I. Pipes, socket, elbow, tee, reducing elbow, G.I. union, cap plug, reducer, Three face elbow, reducing socket, plug, G.I. nipple, etc. (2hrs)

Session 20

Lecture 1hr

Topics:
Sanitary Technical terms - sewer, sewage, sullage, etc. -Soil pipe and waste pipe fitting Different types of water closet Different types of urinal port Kitchen sinks, Bathtub, Washbasin. Water meter, installation of the water meter. Removal of airlock Purification of water Mineral matter, Hardness, Causes of Scale formation & their Removal

Session 21

Practice-12 2hr

Objective: The layout of soil pipe and waste pipe to the sanitary fitting using different types of fitting viz. Door junction, door Bend, H.R. bend, Plain Bend, Double door junction, inverter junction, cowel , floor trap, Gully trap, P-trap etc. (---2 hrs)

Session 22

Practice-13 2hr

Objective: Fitting of I.W.C with a high level cistern. Fitting of the washbasin. Fitting of E.W.C. with a low-level cistern. Fitting a kitchen sink. Fitting of the bathtub. Fitting a urinal pot with an auto cistern. (---2hrs)

Session 23

Practice-13 1hr

Objective: Perform Joining of pipe with Elbow joint, socket joint, Tee joint, reducing elbow joint, floor trap joint, etc. (---1 hrs)

Session 24

Lecture 1hr

Topic: Water Purification: Treatment plants for different groundwater contaminants, Treatment plants for surface water. Types of damages in taps, valves, water meter, and tanks - Method of rectification Water supply - Sources of water Storage of water Distribution of water Different types of valves used in Plumbing, Types of tanks R.C.C., P.V.C. Iron tanks etc

Session 25

Practice 1hr

Objective: Install a water meter. Remove the airlock. Determination of pH by pH meter. (----1 hrs)

Session 26

Practice 1hr

Objective: Recondition taps, valves & flushing tank, test for correct functioning. Prepare a water supply pipeline system in residential buildings using different types of valves, fittings, and appliances. (---1 hrs)

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