Environmental Biotechnology

Teacher

Mr. Sanjeev S Koni

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Environmental Biotechnology

Code(Credit) : MSFS2113(4-0-0)

Course Objectives

  • This Course will cover in Depth Knowledge in Environmental Biotechnology will emphasis its importance and working in Forensic Science Laboratory.

Learning Outcomes

  • The Significance in Environmental Biotechnology. 
  • The Fundamental Principles, functions and Application of Industrial Products like air, water, and soil pollution and waste in forensic Science
  • The use of tools and techniques in identification and recognition in forensic Science 
  • The working of the Regulatory affairs in forensic Establishment in India.

Course Syllabus

Module-I

Introduction to environmental biology

Basic components of environment

Concept of ecosystem, abiotic andbiotic componants. Environmental polution: Air, water, and soil pollution.

x    Environmental monitoring: environmental impacts and their assessments using bioindicators,

Biomarkers, biosensors and toxicity testing Air, water and soil sampling

Analyses of samples by physical, chemical and biological methods

Module-II

 Waste treatment strategies

x    Classification and characterization of waste

x    Principles and mechanisms of waste treatment

x    Nitrification and denitrification – microbial fundamentals and application

Aerobic processes: Activated sludge, oxidation ditches, trickling filters, towers, rotating discs, rotating drums, oxidation ponds.

Anaerobic processes: Anaerobic digestion, anaerobic filters, up flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor.

x    Economics and special aspects of waste treatment

Examples of treatment schemes for waste waters of dairy, tannery, sugar and antibiotic industry

x    Biotechnology in reduction of CO2 emission

Module -III

 Environmental Forensic

x    Introduction and applications of environmental forensic

Principles and methods of chemical fingerprinting(crude oil and refined products) Forensic techniques used in environmental litigation

Environmental forensic microscopy Case studies in environmental forensic

MOdule-IV

 Biodegradation and bioremediation

x    Principle and mechanism of biodegradation,

Biodegradation of xenobiotic compounds (Lignin, Hydrocarbons, Detergents, Dyes and pesticides)

x    Phytoremediation: Use of plants for removal of organic and metallic pollutants

x    Microbial interaction with metallic elements, metal toxicity, molecular mechanism of metal resistance and metal extraction

Biosurfactants: Microbial production and application Biodetorioration – Principles, prevention and control

Module-V

 Environmental protection and conservation

Status and Scope of biotechnology in environmental protection. Non-conventional energy sources.

Various environmental standards: air, water and noise quality. Environment protection Act: environmental laws, policies, ethics. Environmental protection agencies

Reference Books:

Microbial Biotechnology: A. N. Glazer and H. Nikaids Molecular Biotechnology: Gleek and Pasternack.

Biotechnology: A Text Book of Industrial Microbilogy, T. D.Brock.

Prescott & Dunn's Industrial Microbiology – G. Reed, CBS Publishers & Distributors, ISBN: 978-8123910017

Environmental Biotechnology - Alan Scragg, Pearson Education Limited Biotechnology, a comprehensive treatise - Rehm H J and Reed G, VCH Verleg Introduction to environmental biotechnology by A K Chaterjee, PHI, India

Environmental Forensics: Contaminant Specific Guide- Robert D. Morrison,Academic Press, ISBN: 978-0125077514

Introduction to Environmental Forensics, 2 Edition - Robert D. Morrison, Academic Press, ISBN: 978-0123695222

Environmental Sciences – A Global Concern, 7    Edition – W. P. Cunningham et al., McGrow Hill Higher Education, ISBN: n9d78-0070294264

Environmental Engineer’s Handbook, 2     Edition – David H. F. Liu et al., Lewis Publication, ISBN: 978-0849399718

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction to environmental biology: Basic components of environment, Concept of ecosystem, abiotic andbiotic componants. 

Session 2

Environmental pollution: Air, water pollution

Session 3

Environmental polution: soil pollution.

Session 4

Environmental monitoring: environmental impacts and their assessments using bioindicators

Session 5

Biomarkers, biosensors and toxicity testing Air, water and soil sampling.

Session 6

Analyses of samples by physical, chemical and biological methods

Session 7

Waste treatment strategies: Classification and characterization of waste

Session 8

Principles and mechanisms of waste treatment

Session 9

Nitrification and denitrification – microbial fundamentals and application

Session 10

Aerobic processes: Activated sludge, oxidation ditches, trickling filters, towers, rotating discs, rotating drums, oxidation ponds.

Session 11

Anaerobic processes: Anaerobic digestion, anaerobic filters, up flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

Session 12

Economics and special aspects of waste treatment

Session 13

Examples of treatment schemes for waste waters of dairy, tannery, sugar and antibiotic industry

Session 14

Biotechnology in reduction of CO2 emission

Session 15

Environmental Forensic: Introduction and applications of environmental forensic

Session 16

Principles and methods of chemical fingerprinting(crude oil and refined products) 

Session 17

Forensic techniques used in environmental litigation

Session 18

Environmental forensic microscopy

Session 19

Case studies in environmental forensic

Session 20

Biodegradation and bioremediation: Principle and mechanism of biodegradation,

Session 21

Biodegradation of xenobiotic compounds (Lignin, Hydrocarbons, Detergents, Dyes and pesticides)

Session 22

Biodegradation of xenobiotic compounds (Lignin, Hydrocarbons, Detergents, Dyes and pesticides)

Session 23

Biodegradation of xenobiotic compounds (Lignin, Hydrocarbons, Detergents, Dyes and pesticides)

Session 24

Phytoremediation: Use of plants for removal of organic and metallic pollutants

Session 25

Microbial interaction with metallic elements, metal toxicity, molecular mechanism of metal resistance and metal extraction

Session 26

Biosurfactants: Microbial production and application 

Session 27

Biodetorioration – Principles, prevention and control

Session 28

Environmental protection and conservation

Session 29

Status and Scope of biotechnology in environmental protection.

Session 30

Non-conventional energy sources.

Session 31

Various environmental standards: air, water and noise quality. 

Session 32

Various environmental standards: air, water and noise quality. 

Session 33

Environment protection Act

Session 34

environmental laws, policies, ethics. 

Session 35

Environmental protection agencies

Case Studies

Case Studies

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