FARMING SYSTEMS AND ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Teacher

Roja Mandapati

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Core Courses

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Course Name : FARMING SYSTEMS ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Code(Credit) : ASAG3207  (2+1)

Course Objectives

• To educate the students on the relevance of farming systems and organic farming in present context and imparting training about biological intensive nutrient management, vermincomposting, greenmanuring and integrated framing systems etc.
• To throw a light on students regarding the organic certification.

Learning Outcomes

• The course name farming systems and organic farming for sustainable agriculture is important for students which will give an overview on how to develop enterprise that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment.
• It will give glance look to the students on how the sustainable agriculture is done by recycling the farm products without wasting in the farm.
• In this preparation of vermicompost, compost, different neem products for pest control were explained.
• A brief idea on different integrated farming system model were shown to students so that they can inter relate them in future as an entrepreneur. Through this organic farming, focus is given on how to create a pollution free environment and how to increase the soil fertility.
• A focus of light is thrown on the students which will be useful for them in RAWEP Programme while motivating the farmers from conventional farming to organic farming.

Course Syllabus

Theory -

Farming System-scope, importance, and concept, Types and systems of farming system and factors affecting types of farming, Farming system components and their maintenance, Cropping system and pattern, multiple cropping system, Efficient cropping system and their evaluation, Allied enterprises and their importance, Tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system; Sustainable agriculture-problems and its impact on agriculture, indicators of sustainability, adaptation and mitigation, conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture, HEIA, LEIA and LEISA and its techniques for sustainability, Integrated farming system-historical background, objectives and characteristics, components of IFS and its advantages, Site specific development of IFS model for different agro-climatic zones, resource use efficiency and optimization techniques, Resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming system, farming system and environment.
Organic farming, principles and its scope in India; Initiatives taken by Government (central/state), NGOs and other organizations for promotion of organic agriculture; Organic ecosystem and their concepts; Organic nutrient resources and its fortification; Restrictions to nutrient use in organic farming; Choice of crops and varieties in organic farming; Fundamentals of insect, pest, disease and weed management under organic mode of production; Operational structure of NPOP; Certification process and standards of organic farming; Processing, leveling, economic considerations and viability, marketing and export potential of organic products.

Practical -
Visit of organic farms to study the various components and their utilization; Preparation of enrich compost,
Preparation of vermicompost,
Preparation of bio-fertilizers/bio-inoculants and their quality analysis; Indigenous technology knowledge (ITK) for nutrient, insect, pest disease and weed management;
Cost of organic production system;
Post harvest management;
Quality aspect, grading, packaging and handling.

References -

  1. Ruthenburg, H. 1980. Farming Systems in the Tropics. Oxford University Press.
  2.  Palaniappan, SP. and Annadurai, K. 1999. Organic Farming: Theory and Practice, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.257p.
  3. Mukund Joshi and Prabhakarsetty, T.K. 2006. Sustainability through organic farming. Kalyani Publishers, New delhi. 349p.
  4. Balasubramanian, R., Balakrishnan, K. and Siva Subramanian, K. 2013. Principles and Practices of organic Farming. Satish Serial Publishing House,453p.
  5. Jayanthi, C., Devasenapathy, P. and Vinnila, C. 2008. Farming Systems, Principles and Practices, Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi.
  6. Panda, S.C. 2011. Cropping and Farming Systems. Agrobios (India), Jodhpur.

Session Plan

Session 1

Farming System-scope, importance, and concept

 

lect -1- Farming system ,scope importance, and concept

youtube link :

Farming System-scope, importance, and concept

Practical : Preparation of enriched compost and quality analysis

youtube link :
<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3LGtuV9mek&feature=youtu.be

" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Preparation of enriched compost and quality analysis

Session 2

Types and systems of farming system and factors affecting types of farming

lect -2- Types and systems of farming system and factors affecting types of farming>

You tube link

Types and systems of farming system and factors affecting types of farming

Practical 2: Preparation of vermicompost and quality analysis

<a href="http://

youtube Link : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTlyhKFXCgM

" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Preparation of vermicompost and quality analysis

Preparation of vermicompost and quality analysis

Session 3

Farming system components and their maintenance
lect -3 & 4- Farming system components and their maintenance

Practical 3 : Preparation of bio–fertilizer/ bio-inoculant, application and quality analysis

youtube link:

Preparation of bio–fertilizer/ bio-inoculant, application and quality analysis

Cropping system and pattern, multiple cropping system, Efficient cropping system and their evaluation.

Session 5

Allied enterprises and their importance

lect - 6 , 7 & 8

Allied enterprises and their importance

<a href="http://

Yotube Link :

href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2cVANj0shI,

" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Allied enterprises and their importance

Practical 5: Indigenous Technical Knowledge for insect-pest and disease management

youtube link : Indigenous Technical Knowledge for insect-pest and disease management

Session 6

Tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system.

lect -9

lect -9- Tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system

 

Youtube Link : Tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system

Practical 6: Indigenous Technical Knowledge for weed management
Indigenous Technical Knowledge for weed management

Session 7

Sustainable agriculture-problems and its impact on agriculture Indicators of sustainability, adaptation and mitigation

lect -10

Sustainable agriculture-problems and its impact on agriculture Indicators of sustainability, adaptation and mitigation

Practical 7: Multiplication of Azolla

Multiplication of Azolla

Multiplication of Azolla

Session 8

Conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture

lect -11- Conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture

lect -11- Conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture

Youtube Link :
Conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture</pPost-harvest management>

Practical 8: Post-harvest management

Post-harvest management

Session 9

HEIA, LEIA and LEISA and its techniques for sustainability

YouTube Link : HEIA, LEIA and LEISA and its techniques for sustainability

lec-12- HEIA, LEIA and LEISA and its techniques for sustainability (1)

Practical 9 : Quality aspect of organically produced crops

Quality aspect of organically produced crops

Session 11

Site specific development of IFS model for different agro-climatic zones

Lecture 14- Site specific development of IFS model for different agro-climatic zones

Session 12

Resource use efficiency and optimization techniques, Resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming system farming system and environment

Lecture 15 & 16 - Resource use efficiency and optimization techniques, Resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming system farming system

youtube link : href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baZVR-ZF0-I" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Resource use efficiency and optimization techniques, Resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming system farming system and environment

Session 13

Organic farming, principles and its scope in India <a <a

Lecture 17 &18 - Organic farming, principles and its scope in India

Session 15

Organic ecosystem and their concepts

lecture -20- ORGANIC ECOSYSTEM AND THEIR CONCEPTS

Session 16

Organic nutrient resources and its fortification and Restrictions to nutrient use in organic farming

Session 17

Fundamentals of pest, disease and weed management under organic mode of production


Lecture 25 , 26 & 27- Fundamentals of pest and disease and weed management under organic mode of production

Session 18

Fundamentals of pest, disease and weed management under organic mode of production


Lecture 25 , 26 & 27- Fundamentals of pest and disease and weed management under organic mode of production

Session 19

Operational structure of NPOP

Lecture 28- Operational structure of NPOP

Session 20

Certification process and standards of organic farming

lec-29 & 30 - Certification process and standards of organic farming

Session 21

Processing, labelling, economic considerations and viability, marketing and export potential of organic products


lec -31- Processing, labelling, economic considerations and viability

lect - 32- marketing and export potential of organic products

Case Studies

Case Studies

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