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Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology

Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology

Teacher

Dr. Sagarika Swain

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name: Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology

Code(Credit): FSAQ2208 (2-1-0)

Course Objectives

1.Basic concept of feed formulation and different feed processing techniques
2.Nutritional requirements of commercially important fish and shellfish. Feeding methods and feed management.
3.Requirement and availability of ingredients for aqua-feeds
4.The basic principle of fish nutrition and the function of individual nutrients

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: (knowledge based)
1. know various feedstuffs used in aquafeed and their nutrient composition;
2. classify identified feedstuffs into different nutrient groups;
3. know the chemical compositions of various feedstuffs and supplements;
4. formulating of fish feed based on nutrient requirement and available nutrient sources;

(skill)
1. Identify feed mill equipment and items;
2. formulate and pellet fish feeds of different crude protein composition
3. dry and package prepared feeds;

Course Syllabus

Theory
1. Fundamentals of fish nutrition and growth in fish. Principal nutrients (Protein and Amino acids)
2. Principal nutrients (Lipids and Fatty acids)
3. Principal nutrients (Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals)
4. Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shellfish (Proteins, Aminoacids and Lipids)
5. Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shellfish (Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals)
6. Nutritional energetics: definition and forms of energy partitioning.
7. Methods of feed formulation
8. Feed manufacturing process (Grinding, Mixing)
9. Feed manufacturing process (Pelleting, cooling, crumbling, screening, bagging, storage)
10. Forms of feeds: wet feeds, moist feeds, dry feeds, mashes, pelleted feeds, floating and sinking pellets.
11. Feed additives: binders, antioxidants, anti-microbial agent
12. Feed additives: pigments, growth promoters, feed stimulants, anabolic agents.
13. Feed storage.
14. Feed evaluation: feed convertion ratio, feed efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio, net protein utilization and biological value.
15. Feeding devices and methods.
16. Non-conventional feed ingredients
17. Antinutritional factors.
18. Antinutritional factors (Cont…..)
19. Digestive enzymes, feed digestibility. Factors affecting digestibility.
20. Nutritional deficiency diseases in fishes

Practicals

1. Proximate analysis of feed ingredients and feeds (description of the concept)Estimation of moisture from feed samples – explanation of the procedure and set up of the experiment
2. Estimation of moisture from fish feeds – Taking reading, tabulation and calculation
3. Estimation of crude protein from fish feeds - explanation of the procedure and preparation of the chemicals, digestion
4. Estimation of crude protein from fish feeds – distillation, titration and calculation
5. Estimation of crude fat from fish feeds – explanation of the procedure,
description of apparatus, preparation of chemicals
6. Estimation of crude fat from fish feeds – Set up of the experiment, take reading, tabulation and calculation
7. Estimation of ash from fish feeds – explanation of the procedure and set up of the experiment
8. Estimation of ash from fish feeds – Taking reading, tabulation and calculation
9. Study on the various types of locally available feed ingredients
10. Preparation of artificial feeds using locally available feed ingredients -explanation of the procedure and preparation of the ingredients by drying, grinding etc.
11. Preparation of artificial feeds using locally available feed ingredients – prepare feed, dry and store
12. Determination of sinking rate and stability of feeds – Explanation of the procedure and performing the experiment
13. Water Stability of Formulated Feeds
14. Field visit

Session Plan

Session 1

1. Fundamentals of fish nutrition and growth in fish. Principal nutrients (Protein and Amino acids)
Fundamentals of fish nutrition, growth in fish, Principal nutrients

3. Estimation of crude protein from fish feeds - explanation of the procedure and preparation of the chemicals, digestion
Experiment 2

Fish Nutrition

Session 2

2. Principal nutrients (Lipids and Fatty acids)
Principal Nutrients (Lipids and Fatty acids)

5. Estimation of crude fat from fish feeds – explanation of the procedure,
description of apparatus, preparation of chemicals
Experiment 3

Lipid Nutrition

Session 3

3. Principal nutrients (Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals)
Principal Nutrients (Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals

Estimation of ash from fish feeds – explanation of the procedure and set up of the experiment
Experiment 4

Carbohydrate Nutrition

Session 4

4. Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shellfish (Proteins, Aminoacids and Lipids)
Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shell fish (Proteins, amino acids, Lipids)

Nutritional requirement of fish and shellfish

Session 5

5. Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shellfish (Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals)
Nutritional requirements of cultivable fish and shell fish (carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals)

Nutritional requirement of cultivable finfish

Session 6

6. Nutritional energetics: definition and forms of energy partitioning.
Nutritional Energetics

Nutritional energetics

Session 7

Session 8

8. Feed manufacturing process (Grinding, Mixing)
Feed Manufacturing Process (Grinding and Mixing)

Fish feed formulation

Session 9

9. Feed manufacturing process (Pelleting, cooling, crumbling, screening, bagging, storage)
Feed Manufacturing Process (Pelleting, cooling, crumbling, screening, bagging, storage )

Preparation of artificial feeds using locally available feed ingredients -explanation of the procedure and preparation of the ingredients by drying, grinding etc.
Preparation of artificial feeds

Session 10

10. Forms of feeds: wet feeds, moist feeds, dry feeds, mashes, pelleted feeds, floating and sinking pellets
Forms of feeds

Study on the various types of locally available feed ingredients
Different types of fish feed

Session 11

11. Feed additives: binders, antioxidants, anti-microbial agent
Additives (Binders, antioxidants, antimicrobial agents)

Determination of sinking rate of feeds – Explanation of the procedure and performing the experiment
Experiment 6

Water Stability of Formulated Feeds

Experiment 7

Session 12

12. Feed additives: pigments, growth promoters, feed stimulants, anabolic agents
Additives (Chemo-attractants)

Feed additives

Session 13

13. Feed storage
Feed storage

Feed storage

Session 14

14. Feed evaluation: feed convertion ratio, feed efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio, net protein utilization and biological value
Feed evaluation

Feed evaluation

Session 15

Session 17

17. Antinutritional factors
Antinutritional factor

Anti-nutritional factors

Session 18

18. Antinutritional factors (Cont…..)
Antinutritional factor (Cont.....)

Session 19

19. Digestive enzymes, feed digestibility. Factors affecting digestibility
Digestive enzymes, feed digestibility, factors ffectin digestibility

Enzymes, feed additives

Session 20

20. Nutritional deficiency diseases in fishes
Nutritional deficiency Diseases in fishes

Nutritional Disease in fishes

Question bank

Case Studies

Case Studies

Course Name : Title Here

Code(Credit) : ABC01(1-1-0)

Course Objectives

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Learning Outcomes

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Course Syllabus

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Session Plan

Session 1

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Session 2

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Case Studies

Case Studies

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