Fundamentals of agronomy

Teacher

Subhasisha Praharaj

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Fundamentals of Agronomy

Code(Credit) : ASAG1101(2-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • To understand the basic concepts and components of Agronomy
  • To Understand various agronomic terms
  • To have hands on experience of the basic agronomic practices

Learning Outcomes

  • Students will understand the basic concepts of agronomy
  • Students will be able to do basic agronomic operations like sowing, fertilizer application, irrigation etc.
  • Students will be able to schedule agronomic practices in a crop
  • Students will be able to identify seeds, crops, fertilizers and weeds.

Course Syllabus

Theory:

Agronomy and its scope, seeds and sowing, tillage and tilth, crop density and geometry, Crop nutrition, manures and fertilizers, nutrient use efficiency, water resources, crop water requirement, water use efficiency, irrigation- scheduling criteria and methods; logging; Weeds and its importance, crop-weed competition, concepts of weed management – principles and methods, herbicides- classifications and selectivity; Growth and development of crops, factors affecting growth and development, plant ideotypes, crop rotation and its principles, adaptation and distribution of crops, crop management technologies in problematic areas, harvesting and threshing of crops;
Practical
Identification of crops, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tillage implements, study of agro-climatic zones of India (including map pointing), Identification of major weeds in crops; methods of herbicide and fertilizer application; study of yield contributing characters and yield estimation, seed germination and viability test, numerical exercises on fertilizer requirement, plant population, herbicides and water requirement, Use of tillage implements-reversible plough, one way plough, harrow, leveler, seed drill and visit for on-farm and on-station field crops;

References
1. Reddy, S.R. 2016. Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, 5th Edition.
2. Yellamanda Reddy, T. and SankaraReddi, G.H. 2016. Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani
Publishers, Ludhiana.
3. Gopal Chandra De. 1989. Fundamentals of Agronomy. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Session Plan

Session 1

Agronomy and its scope

VIDEO 

Session 2

Seeds and sowing

https://youtu.be/qq_2gRNnG9c

Session 3

Tillage and Tilth

https://youtu.be/bOvnUo6-6Ds

Session 7

Session 8

Water use efficiency, irrigation- scheduling criteria and methods; Water logging;

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water-use_efficiency

http://www.fao.org/3/a1336e/a1336e06.pdf

Session 9

Weeds and its importance, crop-weed competition, concepts of weed management – principles and methods

https://youtu.be/X54zlYwRKlY

http://www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/agriculture/agri_weedmgt.html

Session 11

Growth and development of crops, factors affecting growth and development,

https://youtu.be/0SWpo1mt9x4

http://eagri.org/eagri50/AGRO101/lec09.pdf

Session 13

Crop Ideotype

VIDEO 

Session 14

Crop adaptation and distribution

https://youtu.be/T6Gyu0-_RKA

Session 15

Crop adaptation and distribution

https://youtu.be/T6Gyu0-_RKA

Session 16

Crop management technology in problematic areas

 

https://www.slideshare.net/anupkumar526/problem-soils-and-their-management

Session 17

Crop management technology in problematic areas

 

https://www.slideshare.net/anupkumar526/problem-soils-and-their-management

Session 18

Harvesting and threshing of crops

https://youtu.be/SuKCQ7iAaIc

Session 19

Identification of crops, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tillage implements (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 20

Study of agro-climatic zones of India (including map pointing) (Practical)

VIDEO 20

Session 21

Identification of major weeds in crops; (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 22

Methods of herbicide and fertilizer application (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 23

Study of yield contributing characters and yield estimation (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 24

Germination and viability test (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 25

Numerical exercises on fertilizer requirement (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 26

Plant population calculation (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 27

herbicides and water requirement (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 28

Use of tillage implements-reversible plough, one way plough,
harrow, leveler, seed drill (Practical)

VIDEO

Session 29

Visit for on-farm and on-station field crops (Practical)

VIDEO

REFERENCES;

1.Fundamentals of Agronomy; Reddy and Reddy

2.Fundamentals of Agronomy; SR Reddy

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