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Agronomy and its scope, seeds and sowing, tillage and tilth, crop density and geometry, Crop nutrition, manures and fertilizers, nutrient use efficiency, water resources, crop water requirement, water use efficiency, irrigation- scheduling criteria and methods; logging; Weeds and its importance, crop-weed competition, concepts of weed management – principles and methods, herbicides- classifications and selectivity; Growth and development of crops, factors affecting growth and development, plant ideotypes, crop rotation and its principles, adaptation and distribution of crops, crop management technologies in problematic areas, harvesting and threshing of crops;
Identification of crops, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tillage implements, study of agro-climatic zones of India (including map pointing), Identification of major weeds in crops; methods of herbicide and fertilizer application; study of yield contributing characters and yield estimation, seed germination and viability test, numerical exercises on fertilizer requirement, plant population, herbicides and water requirement, Use of tillage implements-reversible plough, one way plough, harrow, leveler, seed drill and visit for on-farm and on-station field crops;
1. Reddy, S.R. 2016. Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, 5th Edition.
2. Yellamanda Reddy, T. and SankaraReddi, G.H. 2016. Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani
3. Gopal Chandra De. 1989. Fundamentals of Agronomy. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Weeds and its importance, crop-weed competition, concepts of weed management – principles and methods
1.Fundamentals of Agronomy; Reddy and Reddy
2.Fundamentals of Agronomy; SR Reddy