Fundamentals of Horticulture

Teacher

Ms. Basabadatta Sahu

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : FUNDAMENTALS OF HORTICULTURE

Code(Credit) : ASHO 1101 (1-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • To provide knowledge of horticulture in a brief and prescribed manner.
  • To introduce the students to green industry.
  • To encourage students to be responsible for environment by demonstrating and valuing sustainable practices.

Learning Outcomes

  • To enable the students to apply various horticultural skills and knowledge in their career.
  • To identify and prescribe sustainable options in horticulture which benefit the environment while maintaining productivity and economic viability.

Course Syllabus

Theory:

Horticulture-its definition and branches, importance and Scope; Horticultural and  Botanical Classification; Climate and Soil for Horticulture Crops; Plant Propagation Methods and Propagating structures; Principles of Orchard establishment; Principles and methods of Training and Pruning; Juvenility and Flower bud differentiation; Unfruitfulness; Pollination, pollinisers and pollinators; Fertilisation and Parthenocarpy; Kitchen gardening; Garden types and parts; Lawn making; Medicinal and aromatic plants; Spices and condiments; Use of plant bio-regulators in horticulture; Irrigation and Fertilisers application.

Practical:

Identification of garden tools; Identification of horticultural crops; Preparation of seedbed/nursery bed; Practice of sexual and asexual method of propagation; Layout and planting of orchard plants; Training and pruning of fruit trees; Transplanting and care of vegetable seedlings; Making of herbaceous and shrubbery borders; Preparation of potting mixture; potting and repotting; Fertiliser application in different crops; Visit to commercial nurseries and orchards.

References:

  1. Basics of Horticulture by Jitendra Singh
  2. Introduction to Horticulture by N.Kumar

Session Plan

Session 1

Horticulture-its definition and branches, importance and Scope

Horticulture-Introduction-1

HORTICULTURE INTRODUCTION

Session 2

Horticultural and Botanical Classification

Classification-1

CLASSIFICATION

Session 3

Climate and Soil for Horticulture Crops

CLIMATE AND SOIL

Session 4

Plant Propagation Methods and Propagating structures

 Propagation methods-1

Structures-1

PROPAGATION

Session 5

Principles of Orchard establishment
Orchard-1

ORCHARD

Session 6

Session 7

Juvenility, Flower bud differentiation, Unfruitfulness, Pollination, Fertilisation

Flower bud differentiation-1

FLOWER BUD DIFFERENTIATION

Session 8

Session 9

Garden, Lawn making, Medicinal and aromatic plants, Spices and condiments

Garden and Lawn-1

GARDEN

MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS

SPICES AND CONDIMENTS

Session 10

Plant bio-regulators in horticulture, Irrigation, Fertilisers application
Plant Bio-regulators-1

Irrigation-1

Fertiliser application-1

BIO-REGULATORS, IRRIGATION, FERTILISER APPLICATION

Practice-1

Identification of Horticultural plants

Identification 1

Identification 2

Practice-2

Identification of garden tools

Identification 1 

Practice-3

Preparation of seedbed/nursery bed, raising of seedlings

seedling raising 1 

Practice-4

Practice of sexual and asexual method of propagation

Propagation 1

Propagation 2 

Practice-5

Layout and planting of orchard plants

Orchard-1 

Practice-6

Training and pruning of fruit trees

Training 1 

Practice-7

Preparation of potting mixture, potting and repotting

Potting mixture 1

Potting mixture 2 

Practice-8

Fertiliser application in different crops

Fertiliser 1 

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

  Ms. Basabadatta Sahu, working as Assistant Professor in Department of Horticulture, MS Swaminathan School of Agriculture.She has good knowledge of working in production of vegetable crops and nursery. Good experience of imparting training to farmers.