Indian Society and Culture


Smita Mishra Panda


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Course Name: Indian Society and Culture

Code(Credit) : CUTM1186(1-0-1)

Course Objectives

The purpose of this course is to expose students of Technology and Management to different aspects of Indian society and culture. Students will develop an understanding of societal and cultural dimensions of the dynamic nature of society and the environment in which they will live and work as scientists, engineers and enterpreneurs. More specifically, they will get an appreciation of  how societal and cultural issues interface with technology, science and business in the context of overall development of the country.

Learning Outcomes

To develop an understanding of social environment

To develop an understanding of cultural environment

Understanding the linkages among social, cultural and scientifc/business environment

Course Syllabus

Module: 1

Introduction to Indian Society

Indian Society -  Roots of Indian Society; Social Structure – Rural and Urban Contexts; Social Institutions in Indian Society; Caste, Tribe, Dalits and Other Excluded Groups; Power and Conflicts

 Module: 2

Introduction to Culture in Indian Society

Basic understanding of culture in India; Languages and Literature in India; Culture Change and its Impact on Indian Society

 Module: 3

Social Movements – tribal, women and environment

 Reformers and Radicals – Rammohan Roy, Syed Ahmed Khan, Jyotirao Phule, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Tarabai Shinde, Dayananda Saraswati and  Vivekananda Nurturing a Nation – M. K. Gandhi, Rabindra Nath Tagore, B R Ambedkar, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, EV Ramaswami, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rammanohar Lohia, Jayaprakash Narayan, Verrier Elwin Peasant, Tribal, Women and Environment movement

Module: 4

Social Issues in Modern India

Poverty – multidimensional aspects; Gender issues in development; Constition of India: Slums; Informal sector; Child, Physically challenged

Module: 5

Science, Technology and Society

Appropriate Technology; Science, Technology and Development Linkage; Science and Technology Policy

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction to Indian Society, Social Structure - urban and rural, Social Institutions

Introduction to Indian Society

Rural and Urban Structure

Social Institutions

Session 2

Caste and Class in India



Session 3

Session 4

Dalits, Power and Conflicts

Dalits in India


Social Exclusion

Session 6

Social Movements in India, Makers of Modern India

Social Movements in India

Book - Makers of Modern India by Ramchandra Guha

Session 8

Slums, Informal Sector and Child Labour


Informal Sector in India

Child Labour in India

Session 9

Appropriate Technology; Science and Technology Policy in India


Session 10

Interlinkage between Science, Technology and Society

Science Technology Development

Closing session for theory classes. Discussion and feedback from students.


Hasnain, Nadeem. 2010. Indian Society and Culture: Continuity and Change, New Royal Book Company, New Delhi.

indian-society-culture - Pictorial

Project - Village Study

Students will be asked to go to villages in groups around the University in Jatni or Parlakhemundi area to do a study of different aspects of Indian Society. They will be asked to make presentation based on their study and also submit a report. The details are given in the following document:

Project Work - MBA

Case Studies

Case Studies

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    Our Main Teachers

    Professor Smita is presently Director Research at the Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha. She has a background in Social Anthropology and Development Planning. A gold medalist from the University of Delhi, she has several national and international awards to her credit. She received her Ph.D from the Asian Institute of Technolgy, Bangkok (Thailand) […]