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- To gain practical knowledge by applying the experimental methods to correlate with the Physics theory.
- Apply the analytical techniques and graphical analysis to the experimental data.

- Apply the various procedures and techniques for the experiments.
- Use the different measuring devices and meters to record the data with precision.
- Develop basic communication skills through working in groups in performing the laboratory experiments and by interpreting the results.

** Section-A(Compulsory)**

**1.** Measurement of volume of a solid cylinder by Vernier Caliper.

**2.** Measurement of thickness of a hallow cylinder by Vernier Caliper.

**3.** Measurement of radius of a wire by Screw gauge.

**4.** Measurement of radius of curvature of a spherical surface by Spherometer.

**5.** To determine young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.

**6.** To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.

**Section-B(Any One from each group)**

** 7. Acceleration due to Gravity (g)**

** a.** To find out the value of “g” by using Simple pendulum.

** b**. To find out the value of “g” by using Bar pendulum.

** 8. Thermal Conductivity**

** a**. Determination of thermal conductivity of good conductor by Searle’s method.

** b**. Determination of thermal conductivity of bad conductor by Lee’s disc method.

** 9. Reflection**

** a.** To prove the law of reflection through a plane mirror.

** b**. To prove, for a fixed incident ray, the angle of the reflection is twice the angle through which the mirror has rotated.

** 10. Refraction**

** a**. To prove the law of refraction through a glass slab.

** b**. To prove the law of refraction through water.

** 11. Resistance**

** a**. To verify the laws of combinations( Series/ Parallel ) of resistances using Meter bridge.

** b**. To determine the specific resistance of a wire using Meter bridge

** 12. Magnetism**

** a**. To draw the lines of force of a bar magnet by using iron dust.

** b**. To draw the lines of force of a bar magnet by using a plotting compass.

** 13. Refractive Index**

** a.** To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

** b.** To find refractive index of a liquid by using convex Lens and plane mirror.

**14. Friction**

** a.** To determine the coefficient of friction by inclined plane method.

** b. **To determine the kinetic coefficient of friction for a block on a horizontal board.

**15. PN Junction**

**a. **Study the characteristics of PN junction diode in forward bias. Find out the forward resistance.

**b. **Study the characteristics of PN junction diode in reverse bias. Find the reverse resistance.

**TEXT BOOK :**

ISC Practical Physics by V. N. Shukla

**Measurement of volume of a solid cylinder by Vernier Caliper.**

**DEMO :**

Use of vernier caliper to measure any outer length. Working formula for Volume of a solid cylinder.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement the outer diameter & radius by using vernier caliper. Verification of Error and Accuracy in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**Measurement of thickness of a hallow cylinder by Vernier Caliper.**

**DEMO :**

Use of vernier caliper to measure any inner length. Working formula for Thickness of a hallow cylinder.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of inner diameter by using vernier caliper.

Verification of Error and Accuracy in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**Measurement of radius of a wire by Screw gauge.**

**DEMO :**

Use of Screw gauge to measure any thin length. Working formula for Thickness of a hallow cylinder.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of diameter & radius of a thin wire by using screw gauge. Verification of Error and Accuracy in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**Measurement of radius of curvature of a spherical surface by Spherometer.**

**DEMO :**

Use of Spherometer. Working formula for Radius of Curvature

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of height & calculation of Radius of curvature by using spherometer.

Verification of Error and Accuracy in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**To determine young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Young's modulus and its significance. Determination of Young's modulus of elasticity by using Searle's apparatus.

**PRACTICE :**

Calculation of the Young’s modulus & verification of its significance.

**WEB LINK :**

**To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Surface tension. How to determine the Surface tension by capillary rise method

**PRACTICE :**

Determination of Surface tension property & capillarity action of liquid. Verification of the significance of surface tension.

**WEB LINK :**

**To find out the value of “g” by using Bar pendulum.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Gravitation and acceleration due to gravity with example. How to find out `g' by using Simple pendulum.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of Acceleration due to gravity and verification of its significance and Error in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**Determination of thermal conductivity of good conductor by Searle’s method.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Heat transfer, conductivity & its significance. How to measure the thermal conductivity of a good conductor by Searle's method.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of thermal conductivity of a good conductor. Verification of its significance and Error in the measurement.

**WEB LINK :**

**To prove the law of reflection through a plane mirror.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description of Reflection, its laws with example. How to verify the laws of Reflection by using a plane mirror.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of angle of incident and reflection. Verification of the laws of reflection.

**WEB LINK :**

**To prove the law of refraction through a glass slab.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description of Refraction, its laws with example. How to verify the laws of Refraction by using a glass slab.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of angle of incident and refraction. Verification of the laws of refraction.

**WEB LINK :**

**Measurement of Specific resistance of wire by a Meter Bridge.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Specific resistance with its significance. Use of meter bridge.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of the specific resistance of wire & verification of its significance.

**WEB LINK :**

**To draw the lines of force of a bar magnet by using a plotting compass.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Magnetic lines of force. Use of compass.

**PRACTICE :**

Drawing the Magnetic lines of force and identifying the Null point.

**WEB LINK :**

**To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.**

**DEMO :**

Use of traveling microscope. Working forum for refractive index.

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement of refractive index of a glass slab. Verification of its significance.

**WEB LINK :**

**To determine the coefficient of friction by inclined plane method.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on Coefficient of friction. How to determine it by inclined plane method ?

**PRACTICE :**

Measurement the coefficient of friction & understand it significance.

**WEB LINK :**

**Study of characteristics of PN-Junction diode in forward bias.**

**DEMO :**

Brief description on PN junction. How to measure the Forward resistance ?

**PRACTICE :**

Recording the currents w.r.t the corresponding voltages. Drawing the characteristics curve. Finding its uses.

**WEB LINK :**

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