Introduction to Journalism


Dr. Mohammad Aamir Pasha


Core Courses

Course Attendees

Still no participant

Course Reviews

Still no reviews

Course Name: Introduction to Journalism

Code(Credit) : CUTM1265(1-3-2)

Course Objectives

  • This paper will help students to understand the relationship between Media and Society
  • This paper provide approximate overall knowledge of Journalism
  • This paper provide overall knowledge about Print Media as well as other media also

Learning Outcomes

  • After the completion of this paper, students will develop the critical thinking ability on Journalism
  • Students will able to develop news idea and angle of presentation
  • After the completion of this paper, students will able to do news design and they have overall knowledge about how to deliver information.

Course Syllabus

Journalism and Society
Media and Democracy : the Fourth Estate, Freedom of Expression, Article 19 of the
Constitution of India
Media Consumption and News Production; Audience, Readerships, Markets
Forms of Journalism: News, Features, Opinions, Yellow, Tabloid, Penny Press, Page 3.
Changing Practices: New/Alternative Media, Speed, Circulation,


Principles of Journalism
Social Responsibility and Ethics
Positioning, Accuracy, Objectivity, Verification, Balance and Fairness
Defining Spot/Action, Statement/Opinion, Identification/Attribution
News vs Opinion, Hoaxes


The News Process: from the event to the reader
News: Meaning, Definition, Nature
Space, Time, Brevity, Deadlines
Five W and H, Inverted Pyramid
Sources of News, Use of Archives, Use of Internet etc.


Language and Narrative of News
Constructing the Story: Selecting for News, Quoting in Context, Positioning
Denials, transitions, Credit Line, Byline, and Dateline.
Styles for Print, Electronic and Online Journalism
Robert Gunning: Principles of Clear Writing,
Rudolf Flesch’s Formula- Skills to Write News


Adams, Sally, Gilbert, Harriett, Hicks, Wynford. Writing for Journalists, Routledge, London, 2008.
Bull, Andy. Essential Guide to Careers in Journalism, Sage, London, 2007.
Bruce D. Itule and Douglas A. Anderson, News Writing and Reporting for Today’s Media, McGraw Hill Publication.
Flemming, Carole and Hemmingway, Emma, An Introduction to Journalism, Sage, London, 2005.
Franklin, Bob, Hamer, Martin, Hanna, Mark, Kinsey, Marie, Richardson,
John E.: Key Concepts in Journalism Studies, Sage, London, 2005.
Harcup, Tony. Journalism Principles and Practice, Sage, London, 2009.
King, Graham. Collins Improve Your Writing Skills, Collins, London, 2009.
Schudson, Michael: 2011, Sociology of News, W.W. Norton, New York,
Schwartz, Jerry: 2002, Associated Press Reporting Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York,
Smith, Jon: 2007, Essential Reporting, Sage, London,
Truss, Lynne: 2003, Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Profile Books, London.
Watson, Don: 2003, Gobbledygook, Atlantic Books, London,
Willis, Jim: 2010, The Mind of a Journalist, Sage, London.

Session 3

Session 8

Practice: Students will give presentation on Article and Feature with example
Difference between Article and Feature
BBC Journalism Skills: Principles of good writing for news

Session 10


Session 11

Practice: Journalism Ethics
Journalism Ethics
Journalism Ethics & Rules



Session 12

Objectivity in Journalism
Elements of News
Objectivity in Journalism
Other links: Click Here
Click Here



Session 13

Practice: Differentiate between Fake and Original News
Identification / Attribution in news

Objectivity in Journalism - Dan Rather



Session 14

Project: Students will identify Balance and Fairness in News, and they will present report on it.
Fairness and Balance in News Reports
Balance and Fairness



Session 15



Session 16



Session 17



Session 18



Session 19



Session 20

Practice: Students will work on 5 W's and H in journalism
The 5 W's and H of Journalism
5W + 1H Questions
5W and H



Session 21



Session 22

Practice: Newspaper Terminology or Glossary of Newspaper Terms
Glossary of Newspaper Terms



Session 23



Session 24

Project: Students will give a presentation on News Sources and their impact on news media.



Session 25



Session 26

Sources of news: Internet
News and Internet



Session 27



Session 28, 29 & 30

Project: Students will submit news using different sources



Session 31

Constructing the Story
How do you find news stories? - BBC Young Reporter



Session 32

Constructing the Story: Selecting for News
How to find a great news story



Session 33, 34 & 35

Practice: Use of quotation in news
Quotation Use in News Articles
How to Use Quotation Marks



Session 36, 37 & 38

Practice: Students will work on a news story and try to identify how newspapers select the story and constructing the story on the following criteria -
1. Selecting for News,
2. Quoting in Context,
3. Positioning, and try to find the ideology of the newspaper



Session 39

Project: Students will give a presentation on News Pattern and Newspaper: An Empirical Study



Session 40



Session 41



Session 42



Session 43



Session 44 & 45

Robert Gunning: Principles of Clear Writing
Gunning’s Ten Principles for Clear Writing
Style of Report Writing (NPTL)



Session 46, 47 & 48

Practice: Students will submit news writing in a different format
Gunning Fog Formula for effective writing



Session 49 & 50

Project: Students will submit an assignment on news writing



Session 51, 52 & 53



Session 54, 55 & 56

Practice: Students give a presentation on Robert Gunning formula



Session 57 & 58

Project: Students will submit an assignment on how Journalism affect our Society and social responsibilities of Journalism



Session 59 & 60

Project: Students will submit a project paper on the news process and ownership pattern of media conglomerates.
Structure of Media Organizations
Types of Media Ownership



Session 61

Practice: Students will submit an assignment on the topic of Journalism in India: Responsibilities and Current Scenario



Session 62

Project: Students will submit an assignment on a comparative study on different pages in the newspaper


Case Studies

Case Studies

Recent Comments

    Our Main Teachers

    Dr. Mohammad Aamir Pasha is working as Assistant Professor in the School of Media & Communication, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Paralakhemundi Campus, Odisha. He has completed M.Phil. from MGAHV, Wardha, Maharashtra, and Ph. D. from Central University of Odisha, India. He has awarded with JRF-MANF Fellowship from Govt. of India for pursuing Ph. […]