Introduction to Print and Electronic Media


Dr. Chinu Bohidar


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Course Name : Introduction to Print and Electronic Media

Code(Credit) : CUTM 1279 (2-3-2)

Course Objectives

  • The paper aims at providing an understanding of the electronic and print media systems, its impacts on society and the methods and techniques of the content production along with the limitations of the medium.
  • To impart the basic knowledge of Television, Radio and Print Journalism and related areas of studies.
  • To develop the learner into competent and efficient in the filed of reporting news, processing and program production in the field of media.
  • The Subject is designed to make the students learn about script, interviews techniques, phone-ins, panel discussion, voice over, live shows and field reporting.

Learning Outcomes

The successful completion of this course shall enable the student:

  • The paper will enable students to develop their skills in field of Print and Electronic Media
  • The paper will help the learner to convert a press release, press conference and news event to a proper news package following the law and ethics of journalism
  • At the end of the subject the students will be able to hold a live discussion, television program, radio announcement, copy editing and video editing

Projects List

  • Complete News Packaging
  • News Bulletin along with anchoring
  • Short movie project
  • News Reporting event coverage


1. Basics of the Video Production Diary- Des Lyver- Focal Press
2. Public service broadcasting in the age globalization: Indrajeet Banarjee and Kalinga senebiratne- Amic-2006
3. Broadcast Journalism- Andrew Boyd- Focal Press
4. Single Camera Video Production- Robert B. Musburger- Focal Press 5. Video Production- Vasuki Belavadi- Oxfor University Press
6. Radio Production- Robert Mc. Leish
7. Hand Book of Journalism: M.V. Kamath

Course Syllabus

Module -I

Introduction to print media, characters of print media different forms of reporting - spot news/live reporting - Reporting public affairs, meetings, conferences, seminars, cultural, civic and social events. Basic components of a news story - attribution, verification; balance and fairness, brevity. Reporter - role, duties and qualities.

Module -II

News sources, Gathering facts, International Media Systems. Crime, legislature, courts, business, agriculture, science and technology and sports, reporting. Investigative, Interpretative, trend, in-depth and advocacy reporting.. writing curtain raisers, interviewing techniques, reporting fashion and lifestyle, features and reviews


The Editing Process: Symbols, handling various types of copy; Re-writing, translation, Integrating, Updating. Proof reading, Style book/sheet. Evolution of technology in editing. Headlines - functions, types, patterns of headlines. Unit count. Headline schedule. News schedule, planning of pages and editions. Editing supplements, features and special pages.

Module -IV

Introduction to Radio, Radio as a medium , Radio Production and Performance: Programmes for various audiences, Different Program formats, - creating audio space, sound perspective, voice casting, types of music, use of sound effects. Production crew and their functions: Role of producer. Production planning and execution. Radio studio, acoustics, recording equipment, types and use of microphones, Use of Digital Technology in production.



Introduction to television Production, Production process: Script , Light, cinematography editing and script writing for documentaries.

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction to print media.


Video File : Introduction to Print Media

Session 2

The nature, characteristics of Print Media.

Magazine, news paper, leaflets, posters : advantages and disadvantages over electronic media .Nature of Print Media

Session 3

Script writing for news and features for publication.

Session 4

Script writing for News.

News Report Part 2

Session 5

Practice: Write a news report on crime based story.

Session 6

Practice: Human Interest story writing by students.

Session 7

Practice: Entertainment News Writing by students.

Session 8

Practice: Political News writing by students

Session 9

Practice- Creating a News Report and how to write a news report. Here is a press release try to write it following the journalism rule.



Session 10

Practice and Project: Take the inputs,  prepare a news in maximum 15 min follow headlines rule and Journalism ethics

Press Note Inauguration of Airport Model P.S BBSR 26.11.18

Session 11

Practice: Take the inputs and prepare a news in maximum 15 min

follow headlines rule and Journalism ethics

Session 12

Practice: Take the input and write the news

Heat Wave

Session 13

All about News and its element.

Elements of News news reporting

Session 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

Practice: News paper designing using CorelDRAW  by students

Session 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25

Practice: Newspaper designing using CorelDraw .

Session 26

Project: Designing a News paper of Front Page.

Session 27, 28, 29

Project: Designing the layout of a Poster, Leaflets and handouts, using CorelDRAW and Page maker.

Session 30

The flow of news from the field to the organisation.

News Sources 

Session 31

Different types of news. Investigative and interpretative reporting.

Video: Investigating and Interpretative Reporting

Session 32

Interviews techniques. How to control the flow of an interview, how to hold the audience through your interview techniques.


Video: BBC Journalism Skills: Interviewing techniques

Session 33

All India Radio and present FM channels. Preparation news bulletin, feature program through the audio medium.

Radio Production Part 1

Session -34

How to write script for radio, Documentary and Drama. Radio is all about spoken word, music and sound effects.

Radio Production Part 2     Script, Documentary and Drama

Session -35, 36

Practice and Project: Write a script for radio, Documentary and Drama with maximum 3 character. Duration: Max 1 Min

Session 37, 38

The script for radio where there is no scope for visuals or photographs.  The voice should explain everything.

Radio Journalism and its Language

Session 39

Scripting for radio. How to communicate to the audience through your voice.

Scripting for the audio medium

Session 40

Practice and Project: Write a drama/ play/ story  script for Children's Programe for Radio.

Session 41

Practice and Project: Write a News story script for Radio, give the Voice over with BGM and Jingles.

Session 28

Practice and Project: Write a awareness programe script for Radio in public interest.

Session 29, 30

Practice and Project: Write script for special day like Mother's Day, No Tobacco Day, Cancer Day etc.

Session 31, 32

Practice and Project: Write a script for Famous personality's Birthday, Death Anniversary.

Session 33

Practice and Project: Write a radio script for festivals, Puja and special occasion.

Session 34

Different Formats of radio Programs.

Video: Radio Programs

Session 35

Radio preproduction, production and post-production.

Radio Production Part 1

Session 36

Prepare a music based radio programe of 20 min for radio with RJ Talk.

Session 37, 38, 39, 40, 41

Scripting, Voice-over, Recording and edit a 20 min progrmme on any Special occasion or important day

Session 42

Radio preproduction, production and post-production.

Radio Production Part 1

Session 43

Radio Programe by students with script and voice modulation.

Session 44

Dry news, AVO, AVB, Package in reporting.

Basic steps of TV News Packaging

Session  45, 46

Practice: Make video file of dry news, AVO.

Session  47

Practice: Dry news by all students in a bulletin form.

Session 48, 49

Practice: AVB news by students.

Session 50, 51

Practice: News Package (PKG) of 1 - 2.30 min by each students on current issues.

Session 52

Voice Over, Voice modulation and pitch

Video File: Voice Over

Session 53, 54, 55, 56

Practice: Deliver Voice Over and Editing by students on Crime and Political Story.

Session 57, 58, 59, 60

Practice: Voice over of Human Interest and Entertainment Story by Students.

Session 61

Script to Screen, editing and re-editing with BGM and Voice Over.

Video Editing

Session 62, 62, 63, 64

Script to Screen, editing and re-editing with BGM and Voice Over

Video Editing

Session 65

Script writing to Video Editing

Video News Packaging

Session 66

Practice: Raw footage to be taken using mobile/ DSLR/ studio Camera by students

Session 67, 68

Practice: scripting and Voice Over by students

Session 69, 70

Practice and Project: Video Editing by students on their projects.

Session 71

Script to Screen, editing and re-editing, Voice Over

Video Editing

Session 72

There are mainly two types of news - Hard News and Soft News.
Types of News

Session 73

Project: File a hard news of your locality and a soft story from your locality  . Reporting, scripting, editing and final packaging and submit.

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Dr. Chinu Bohidar

Assistant Professor

Ms. Chinu Bohidar, Assistant Professor, School of Media and Communication presently pursuing Ph.D in Journalism and Mass Communication from Berhampur University ( Already submitted the thesis). She has more than 5 years of experience in the field of TV Journalism. She has worked as field reporter, Bulletin Producer and as news Anchor in the leading […]