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Principles of navigation –terms and definitions, finding positions and method of position fixing magnetic Compass-parts and functions, cardinal, inter cardinal, three letter and lay points pelorus and azimuth mirror, method of observation. Sextant -parts and functions, finding adjustable and non adjustable errors and principles and use. Hand lead line –construction and markings and method of taking soundings. Types of speed logs –patent log, impeller log, Types of marine charts, Mercator and gnomonic projections great circles and rumba lines, chart collections and chart readings, chart observation and fixing positions. The IALA-buoy age systems, cardinal and lateral marks, meaning of shapes, colours and lights top marks and explanation of approaching, international code of signals, flag signals mars code and storm signals general system, brief system and extended system ,storm signals stations Indian coasts, Fog signals, types and methods .Distress signals, methods, types and communication international regulations for preventing collision at sea and recognition of lights and shapes at sea. Observation of radar and parts and functions of radar, aneroid barometer, parts and functions of echo sounder, and sonar, observation of GPS Principles of seamanship- Causes fire at sea, fire prevention on board the vessel and method of fire fighting at sea and recommended fire fighting appliances, Life saving appliances –life jackets, life buoys and method of operations and contents, SART and EPIRB. Observations of storms, formation of storms and method of locating the eye of the storms and method of escaping from the center of the storms as per buys ballet law. Preparing vessel to face heavy weather. Temporary repairs for leaks constructions of steering system and rigging emergency jury rudder .types of anchors and their applications. selection of suitable anchorage , procedure for anchoring anchor watch and procedure to combating dragging of anchor, method of standing moor and running moor, open moor berthing procedures, axial thrust , transverse thrust mooring and securing the vessel to the jetty rigging fenders and gangways , and method of leaving vessels from the birth.
Anchoring, coming along side the berth and leaving, practicing the different types of knots and wire splices, use of magnetic compass, GPS, Echo-sounder. CHART WORK-Finding positions by latitudes and longitudes by position lines by cross bearing, horizontal sextant, angles, vertical sextant angle and by running fix, finding position by speed, distance and time findings set and drift of current and findings course made good speed made good and steering course and finding position by counter acting the current observation of RADAR .
1. Cockcroft, A.N. 1997. Seamanship and Nautical Knowledge. Glasgow Brown Sons and Fercuson Ltd. England.
2. Joseph, T.K., Rewari, S.S.S. 2000. Principles of Navigation. Applied Research International, New Delhi.
1. Edward Coolin. 1987. Nichols’s Concise Guide to Navigation. Volume 1 & 2. Glasgow Brown Sons and Fercuson Ltd. England.
2. Gregory P. Tsinker. 1997. Handbook of Port and Harbour Engineering. Champman and Hall, International Thompson Publishing.
3. Srinivasan, R .1989 .Harbour, Dock and Tunnel Engineering. Charotar Pubalications Ltd. Anand.
School of Fisheries Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM) Paralakhemundi- 761211 Odisha, INDIA Cleared ICAR – ASRB NET in FISHERIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)- 2013, College of Fisheries, Mangaluru, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University (Bidar), Karnataka, India M.F.Sc. in Department of […]