Packaging Technologies

Teacher

Bhisma Narayan Ratha

Category

Core Courses

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Course: Packaging Technologies

Code (Credit): CUTM1173 (2-0-1)

Code (Credit): CUTM1418 (3-0-1)

Course Objective

They came to know about the labelling requirements and packaging guidelines for Drugs and Cosmetics.

 

Learning Outcome

The student will be able to identify suitable packaging material for the given formulation. Also will be able to determine the testing required for packaging evaluation.

Course Syllabus

Module I (5h+4h)

Fundamentals of packaging - Definition, functions of packaging, types and selection of package, Packaging hazards, interaction of package and contents, materials and machine interface, Environmental and recycling considerations – life cycle assessment Package Design – Fundamentals, factors influencing design, stages in package development. Packaging materials - Major Plastic packaging materials viz. Polyolefins, Polystyrene, Polyvinylchloride, Polyesters, Polyamides (Nylons), Polycarbonate and newer materials such as High Nitrile Polymers, Polyethylene Napthalate (PEN), Nanomaterials, biodegradable materials – properties and applications, recycling; Wood, Paper, Textile,  Glass, Metals – Tin, Steel, aluminum, Labelling materials, Cushioning Materials – properties and areas of application.

Project:

  1. Collect and describe about 2 different types of packaging materials.

Module II (5h+3h)

Conversion technology - Extrusion – Blown film, cast film, sheet, multilayer film & sheet, Lamination, Injection molding, Blow molding, Thermoforming; Cartoning Machinery, Bottling, Can former, Form Fill and Seal machines, Corrugated box manufacturing machineries, Drums – types of drums, molded pulp containers, Closures, Application of Robotics in packaging. Surface treatment for printing, Printing processes – offset, flexo, gravure and pad printing.

Project:

  1. Write a 2-page review on recent developments on robotic packaging.

Module III (5h+3h)

Specialty packaging - Aerosol packaging, Shrink and Stretch wrapping, Blister packaging, Anti-static packaging, Aseptic packaging, Active packaging, Modified Atmospheric Packaging, Openable package; Cosmetic packaging, Hardware packaging, Textile packaging, Food packaging; Child resistant and Health care packaging, Export packaging, Lidding, RFID in packaging.

Project:

  1. Collect any two types of specialty packaging material and elaborate about them.

Module IV (5h+3h)

Testing - Package Testing – Drop test, Impact test, Vibration Test, Stacking and Compression test, Packaging Materials Testing: Mechanical – Tensile, tear burst, impact, compression test, Elongation, barrier properties – WVTR test, Adhesion test, Optical – Gloss, haze and clarity; Chemical Resistance test – solvents and chemicals, solubility test, burning test, solvent retention; Hardness and corrosion test for metals; Clarity and brittleness test for glass.

Project:

  1. List the standard values for packaging testing provided in 3 different pharmacopoeia.

Suggested Readings

  1. Dean, D. A., Evans, E. R., & Hall, I. H. (Eds.). (2005). Pharmaceutical packaging technology. CRC Press.
  2. Paine, F. A. (1990). Fundamentals of packaging. London: Blackie.
  3. Athayle, A.S. (1992). Plastics in Flexible Packaging. Multi-tech Publishing Co.
  4. Kirwar, M.J. (2005). Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. Blackwell Publishing.
  5. Anon, (1981). Handbook of Package Design Research, Water stem Wiley Intrascience.

Session Plan

Session 1 (Theory)

Definition, functions of packaging, types and selection of package. Packaging hazards, interaction of package and contents.

Session 2 (Theory)

Environmental and recycling considerations – life cycle assessment Package Design – Fundamentals, factors influencing design, stages in package development.

Session 3-4 (Theory)

Major Plastic packaging materials viz. Polyolefins, Polystyrene, Polyvinylchloride, Polyesters, Polyamides (Nylons), Polycarbonate and newer materials such as High Nitrile Polymers, Polyethylene Napthalate (PEN), Nanomaterials.

Session 5 (Theory)

Biodegradable materials – properties and applications, recycling; Wood, Paper, Textile,  Glass, Metals – Tin, Steel, aluminum, Labelling materials, Cushioning Materials – properties and areas of application.

Session 6-7 (Project)

Collect and describe about 2 different types of packaging materials.

Session 8-10 (Theory)

Extrusion – Blown film, cast film, sheet, multilayer film & sheet, Lamination, Injection molding, Blow molding, Thermoforming. Cartoning Machinery, Bottling, Can former, Form Fill and Seal machines.

 

Session 11-12 (Theory)

Drums – types of drums, molded pulp containers, Closures, Application of Robotics in packaging. Surface treatment for printing, Printing processes – offset, flexo, gravure and pad printing.

Session 13-14 (Project)

Write a 2-page review on recent developments on robotic packaging.

Session 15 (Theory)

Aerosol packaging, Shrink and Stretch wrapping, Blister packaging, Anti-static packaging.

Session 16 (Theory)

Aseptic packaging, Active packaging, Modified Atmospheric Packaging.

Session 17 (Theory)

Openable package; Cosmetic packaging, Hardware packaging.

Session 18 (Theory)

Textile packaging, Food packaging; Child resistant and Health care packaging.

Session 19 (Theory)

Export packaging, Lidding, RFID in packaging.

Session 20 (Project)

Collect any two types of specialty packaging material and elaborate about them.

Session 21 (Theory)

Testing - Package Testing – Drop test, Impact test, Vibration Test, Stacking and Compression test.

Session 22-23 (Theory)

Packaging Materials Testing: Mechanical – Tensile, tear burst, impact, compression test, Elongation, barrier properties – WVTR test, Adhesion test, Optical – Gloss, haze and clarity

Session 24-25 (Theory)

Chemical Resistance test – solvents and chemicals, solubility test, burning test, solvent retention; Hardness and corrosion test for metals; Clarity and brittleness test for glass.

Session 26 (Project)

List the standard values for packaging testing provided in 3 different pharmacopoeia.

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