Pests of horticultural crops and their management and Beneficial Insects

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Ajit Kumar Sahu

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Course Name : Pests of horticultural crops and their management and Beneficial Insects

Code(Credit) : ASEN3204(2-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • The course entitled “Pest of Horticultural crops and their Management and beneficial insects” has been designed with a primary objective of imparting adequate knowledge to students, both in theory and practice, to diagnose a variety of horticultural crop problems related to insect and non insect pests, to comprehend their life histories and damages and to be able to recommend management strategies .

Learning Outcomes

  • Detailed information has been provided on all major pests of crops as regards their taxonomic position, distribution, host range, life history, nature and symptoms of damage, seasonal abundance and their management. However, for minor pests their taxonomic position, nature and symptoms of damage and management have been covered with additional information wherever necessary. Major and minor pests have been differentiated by their text format.

Course Syllabus

Theory

  • Scientific name, order, family, host range, distribution, biology and bionomics, nature of damage and management of major pests and scientific names, order, family,host rage, distribution, nature of damage and control practices for other important arthropod pests of various vegetable crops

  • Fruit crops

  • Plantation crops

  • Ornamental crops

  • Narcotics, spices and condiments.

  • Importance of beneficial Insects

  • Beekeeping, pollinating plant and their cycle, bee biology, commercial methods of rearing, equipment used, seasonal management, bee enemies and disease. Bee pasturage, bee foraging and communication.Insect pests and diseases of honey bee.

  • Types of silkworm, voltinism and biology of silkworm.Mulberry cultivation, mulberry varieties and methods of harvesting and preservation of leaves. Rearing, mounting and harvesting of cocoons. Pest and diseases of silkworm, management, rearing appliances of mulberry silkworm and methods of disinfection.

  • Species of lac insect, morphology, biology, host plant, lac production – seed lac, button lac, shellac, lac- products. Identification of major parasitoids and predators commonly being used in biological control.

  • Identification of major Parasitoids, and predators commonly used in biological pest control.

  • Insect orders bearing predators and parasitoids commonly used in pest control and their mass multiplication techniques.

  • Important species of pollinator, weed killers and scavengers with their importance.

Practical

  • Identification of Typical Symptoms of Damage by various Phytophagous Insects

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Vegetables and Their Damage Symptoms

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Coconut, Turmeric, Betel Vine, Onion, Ginger and Tobacco and Their Damage Symptoms

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Mango, Cashew and Banana and Their Damage Symptoms

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Citrus and Sapota and Their Damage Symptoms

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Grapevine, Pomegranate And Guava and Their Damage Sy mptoms

  • Identification of Insect Pests of Flower and Ornamental Plants and Their Damage Symptoms

  • Study of Different Species of Honey Bees and Bee Hives

  • Study of Equipment for Handling Honey Bees

  • Study of Insect Pests And Diseases of Bees

  • Study of Different Species of Silkworm

  • Silkworm Rearing House and Equipment

  • Mulberry Cultivation and Mulberry Varieties

  • Study on Lac Culture

  • Lac Host Plants and Methods of Inoculation

Reference

  • Atwal, A.S. 1976. Agricultural Pests of India and South East Asia. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.

  • Butani, D.K. and Jotwani, M.G. 1984. Insects in Vegetables. Periodical Export Book Agency,New Delhi.

  • Butani, D. K. 1984. Insects and Fruits. Periodical Export Book Agency, New Delhi.

  • Dennis S Hill 1987 Agricultural Insect Pests of tropics and their control, Cambridge Universtiy Press , New York

  • Khare, S.P. 1993. Stored Grain Pests and Their Management. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.

  • Nair MRGK. 1986. Insects and Mites of crops in India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research New Delhi.

  • Ramakrishna Ayyar, T.V. 1963. Handbook of Economic Entomology for South India. Government Press, Madras.

  • Vasantharaj David, B. 2003. Elements of Economic Entomology. Popular Book Depot, Coimbatore.

  • Vasantharaj David, B and Aanathakrishnan, T.N. 2006. General and Applied Entomology. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing House, New Delhi.

  • Upadhyaya K.P. and Kusum Dwivedi. 1996. A Text Book of Plant Nematology. Aman Publishing House, Meerut.

Session Plan

Session 1: Pest of Brinjal

Session 3: Pest of Tomato

Session 4: Pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables

Session 5: Pest of cruciferous vegetables

Session 6: Pest of tuber crops, moringa, chilli and amaranthus

Session 7: Pests of Mango

Session 8: Pest of Citrus

Session 9: Pests of Grapevine

Session 10: Pests of Cashew

Session 12: Pests of Banana

Session 13: Pests of Apple and Custard apple

Session 14: Pests of Coconut

Session 16: Pests of Turmeric and ginger

Session 17: Pests of Onion and Coriander

Session 18: Pests of Rose, jasmine and chrysanthemum

Session 19: Apiculture

Session 20: Sericulture

Session 21: Lac culture

Practicals

Practical 1: Identification of Typical Symptoms of Damage by various Phytophagous Insects

Practical 2: Identification of Insect Pests of Vegetables and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 3: Identification of Insect Pests of Coconut, Turmeric, Betel Vine, Onion, Ginger and Tobacco and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 4: Identification of Insect Pests of Mango, Cashew and Banana and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 5: Identification of Insect Pests of Citrus and Sapota and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 6: Identification of Insect Pests of Grapevine, Pomegranate And Guava and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 7: Identification of Insect Pests of Flower and Ornamental Plants and Their Damage Symptoms

Practical 8: Study of Different Species of Honey Bees and Bee Hives

Practical 9: Study of Equipment for Handling Honey Bees

Practical 10: Study of Insect Pests And Diseases of Bees

Practical 11: Study of Different Species of Silkworm

Practical 12: Silkworm Rearing House and Equipment

Practical 13: Mulberry Cultivation and Mulberry Varieties

Practical 14: Study on Lac Culture

Practical 15: Lac Host Plants and Methods of Inoculation

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