Principles of Ecology

Teacher

Pradip Kumar Prusty

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Principles of Ecology

Code(Credit) : CUTM 1499

Course Objectives

• To Obtain knowledge about the Ecosystem and their functioning, so that they will be crusader of environmental sustainability
• To convey the principles of ecology
• To Provide examples from ecological studies
• To Illustrate the application of ecological principles to the management of ecosystems

Learning Outcomes

• Students will acquire knowledge of: intricate relationship of man and environment
• The physical aspects of the environment to relationships between organisms and their environment
• The structure and function of ecosystems human influences on the global environment

Course Syllabus

Module I: Introduction to Ecology
History of ecology, Autecology and synecology, Levels of organization, Laws of limiting factors, Study of physical factors.
Assignment
Define Autecology and synecology
Assignment
State and explain Level of Organization
Practice
Study of life tables and plotting of survivorship curves of different types from the hypothetical/real data provided.

Module II: Population
Unitary and Modular populations Unique and group attributes of population: Density, nasality, mortality, life tables, fecundity tables, survivorship curves, age ratio, sex ratio, dispersal and dispersion. Exponential and logistic growth, equation and patterns, r and K strategies .
Assignment
Explain the density depedent and independent of an ecology
Assignment
Describe r and k strategy
Assignment
Explain Exponential and logistic growth
Assignment
Draw the survivorship curves of an ecology and give the suitable examples
Assignment
Define life tables fecundity tables of an ecology

Practice
Determination of population density in a natural community by quadrate method.

Module III: Population regulation
Population regulation - density-dependent and independent factors Population interactions, Gause’s Principle with laboratory and field examples, Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and Predation, functional and numerical Responses.
Assignment
Explain Gause’s Principle
Assignment<br />Describe the Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and Predation
Assignment
Define the Population regulation

Practice
Determination of population density in a hypothetical community by quadrate method

Module IV: Community
Community characteristics: Define the , dominance, diversity, abundance, vertical stratification, Ecotone and edge effect; Ecological succession with one Example, Theories pertaining to climax community.
Assignment
Define the Species diversityt
Assignment
Define the abundance and vertical stratification
Assignment
Describe the Ecological succession with one Example.
Assignment
Describe the theories pertaining to climax community
Practice
Study of an aquatic ecosystem: Phytoplankton of an ecology

Module V : Ecosystem
Types of ecosystems with one example in detail, Food chain: Detritus and Grazing food chains, Linear and Y-shaped food chains, Food web.
Assignment
Difference between DFC and GFC
Practice
Study of an aquatic ecosystem: zooplankton and its Measurement of area.

Module VI: Energy flow through the ecosystem
Energy flow through the ecosystem, Ecological pyramids and Ecological efficiencies.
Practice
Determination of pH of zooplankton of an ecology

Module VII : Nutrient Cycle
Nutrient and biogeochemical cycle with one example of Nitrogen cycle, Human modified ecosystem Applied Ecology: Ecology in Wildlife Conservation and Management
Practice
Determination of Dissolved Oxygen by (Winkler’s method),

Text Books
Odum, E.P., (2008). Fundamentals of Ecology. Indian Edition. Brooks/Cole
Reference Books:
Colinvaux, P. A. (1993). Ecology. II Edition. Wiley, John and Sons, Inc. Krebs, C. J. (2001). Ecology.
VI Edition. Benjamin Cummings.
Robert Leo Smith Ecology and field biology Harper and Row publisher Ricklefs, R.E., (2000).
Ecology. V Edition. Chiron

Session 6(Practice 2 h)

Study of life tables and plotting of survivorship curves of different types from the hypothetical/real data provided.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTQVQ3SW8oc

Session 7

Unitary and Modular populations
https://www.slideshare.net/halalarahman/unitary-population

Session 10

survivorship curves

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9O6Heb_TkZM

Session 18 (Practice 2h)

Determination of population density in a natural community by quadrate method.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlwR-EGE9zA

Session 19 (Assignment)

Gause’s Principle with laboratory and field examples

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blR3VkC66cs

https://www.slideshare.net/umarmusa14/competition-power-point-75515763

Session 22 (Assignment)

Describe the Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and Predation

https://www.slideshare.net/MDEKRAMUDDIN/lotka-volterra-model-of-competition

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkgls-Uc_wQ

Session 23 (Assignment)

Describe the Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and Predation

https://www.slideshare.net/MDEKRAMUDDIN/lotka-volterra-model-of-competition

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkgls-Uc_wQ

Session 25 (Practice 2h )

Determination of population density in a hypothetical community by quadrate method

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhMOCxXcDrQ

Session 33 (Assignment)

Define the Species diversity

<a href="https://www.slideshare.net/janszxkie/species-diversity-44970584" r

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghhZClDRK_g

https://www.slideshare.net/janszxkie/species-diversity

Session 34 (Assignment)

Define the abundance and vertical stratification

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9j-FPIXo5l0

https://www.slideshare.net/raymondbaldonado35/ecosystem-structures

Session 35 (Assignment)

Describe the Ecological succession with one Example

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K3i37iDiaec

https://www.slideshare.net/BharatLodha333/ecological-succession-48260138

Session 36 (Assignment)

Describe the theories pertaining to climax community
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZA5yfrzLV8

https://www.slideshare.net/ChamiePapersty/concept-of-climax

Session 37 (Practice 2h)

Study of an aquatic ecosystem: Phytoplankton of an ecology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wR1Hr2wyMnc

https://www.slideshare.net/divyashivappa75/phytoplankton-26645854

Session 39

Session 40

Session 41 (Assignment)

Difference between DFC and GFC

Session 42 (Practice 2h)

Study of an aquatic ecosystem: zooplankton and its Measurement of area.

Session 43

Energy flow through the ecosystem

Session 44

Ecological pyramids and Ecological efficiencies.

Session 45 (Practice 2h)

Determination of pH of zooplankton of an ecology

Session 46

Nutrient and biogeochemical cycle with one example of Nitrogen cycle

Session 47

Human modified ecosystem Applied Ecology

Session 48

Ecology in Wildlife Conservation and Management

Session 49 (Practice 2h)

Determination of Dissolved Oxygen by (Winkler’s method)

Session 50 (Assignment)

Describe the biogeochemical cycle

Session 51

Difference between ecological pyramid and ecological effiencece

Session 52

Explain the wild life conservation of an ecology

Case Studies

Recent Comments

    Our Main Teachers

    My specilization in the field of Zoology is primarily related to environmental biology. Currently my research area is based on phytoremediation and vermicomposting . My academic career drove me to be an enthusiastic faculty and to reach out to each and every learner for their allround development.