Renewable Energy & Green Technology

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Dr. Ashish Ranjan Dash

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Renewable Energy & Green Technology

Code(Credit) : ASAE2203(1-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • • Understanding basic characteristics of renewable sources of energy and technologies for their utilization for the thermal and electrical energy needs and also the environmental aspects of these resources
    • To equip students in working with projects and to take up research work integrating with renewable power sources.
    • To Provide un-energized and off-grid areas through affordable and reliable source of energy

    .

Learning Outcomes

  • • Understand the role of renewable energy in product and service sectors, as well as its importance in the energy chain: processing, transportation, distribution and end use.
    • Simulation and verification techniques using industrial standard software to practice system-level designs, analytical design and analysis to problem solving when implementing the projects on renewable sources
    • To understand role significance of solar energy, wind energy, biomass and other renewable energy sources and technologies for their utilization.
    • To get the utilization of Biogas plants and understand the concept of energy Conservation
    • Learning through hands-on sessions using MATLAB/SIMULATION and DYMOLA software and through comprehensive case studies on wind and solar energy systems.

    .

Course Syllabus

Introduction, Classification of Energy Resources; Conventional Energy Resources - Availability and their limitations; Non-Conventional Energy Resources – Classification, Advantages, Limitations; Comparison of Conventional and Non-Conventional Energy Resources; World Energy Scenario; Indian Energy Scenario. ENERGY STORAGE: Sizing and Necessity of Energy Storage.
SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS: .Principle of Conversion of Solar Radiation into Heat, – Solar thermal collectors – General description and characteristics – Flat plate collectors – Heat transfer processes – Solar concentrators (parabolic trough, parabolic dish, Central Tower Collector) –performance evaluation, solar cooker, solar dryer, solar pond and solar distillation
SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEMS: Solar Thermal Electric Power Generation –; Solar Photovoltaic – Solar Cell fundamentals, characteristics, classification, construction of module, panel and array. Solar PV Systems – stand-alone and grid connected; Applications – Street lighting, Domestic lighting and Solar Water pumping systems.
WIND ENERGY: Introduction, Wind and its Properties, Wind Energy Estimation, Types of Wind Energy Systems, Performance, Site Selection, Details of Wind Turbine Generator. Basic principles of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS), Classification of WECS, Parts of WECS, Derivation for Power in the wind, Electrical Power Output and Capacity Factor of WECS, Advantages and Disadvantages of WECS.
BIOMASS ENERGY: Introduction, Principles of Bio-Conversion, Anaerobic/aerobic digestion, types of Bio-gas digesters, gas yield, combustion characteristics of bio-gas, Biomass fuels, Biomass conversion technologies, waste to Energy Conversion, Power generation from urban, municipal and industrial waste. Biomass Gasification, Biomass to Ethanol Production, Biogas production from waste biomass, factors affecting biogas generation, types of biogas plants – KVIC and Janata model; Biomass program in India.
Practice
1. V-I characteristics of solar panel at various levels of insolation.
2. Mathematical modelling of Solar PV array using Simulink and Dymola tool.
3. Study and Simulation of a 10 kW solar PV plant
4. Design and simulation of solar inverter control using Simulink and Dymola.
5. Simulation and performance evaluation of solar water heater, solar cooker and solar dryer.
6. Performance Study of Solar Flat Plate Thermal Collector Operation with Variation in Mass Flow Rate and Level of Radiation
7. Performance evaluation of a fixed dome and floating drum type biogas plant
8. Modelling and Simulation of wind turbine generator.
Text Books:
1. Reneweble energy resources: Tiwari and ghosal, Narosa publication.
2. Non conventional Energy Sources,Khanna Publication
Reference Books:
1. Renewable Energy Sources:Twidell& Weir, CRC Press.
2. Solar Energy/ S.P. Sukhatme, Tata McGraw-Hill.
3.Non Conventional Energy Systems: K M. Mittal, A H WheelerPublishing Co Ltd.
4. Renewable Energy Technologies: Ramesh & Kumar, Narosa publication.
5. Biomass Energy, Oxford &IBH Publication Co.

Virtual Lab
https://sites.google.com/site/modelingrenewableenergysystems/videos
http://www.ee.iitkgp.ac.in/faci_es.php

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction, Classification of Energy Resources; Conventional and Non-Conventional Energy Resources, Classification, Advantages, Limitations.

1.INTRODUCTION

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kUE0BZtTRc

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBWPBf9rJss

Session 2

Comparison of Conventional and Non-Conventional Energy Resources; World Energy Scenario; Indian Energy Scenario. ENERGY STORAGE: Sizing and Necessity of Energy Storage
RE CLASS 2.

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=90J0Gl-5ggs

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gz_L6KuqvFI

Session 3

SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS: Introduction to solar Energy, Principle of Conversion of Solar Radiation into Heat, Solar thermal collectors,General description and characteristics

solar Thermal
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inPtRWtvDaM

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64mtITOuXiA

Session 4

Flat plate collectors – Heat transfer processes – Solar concentrators (parabolic trough, parabolic dish, Central Tower Collector

solar Thermal
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64mtITOuXiA

Session 6

SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEMS: Solar Thermal Electric Power Generation –; Solar Photovoltaic – Solar Cell fundamentals, characteristics
Solar PV

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_q6LRgKpTw
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rq5Nzv_6v98
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gl5tY5Noacc

Session 7

classification and construction of PV module, panel and array. stand-alone

Solar PVSolar PV Systems <a
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PV8hwHnYJK0
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IAdy3wfIz4M

Session 8

grid connected PV system, Applications – Street lighting, Domestic lighting and Solar Water pumping systems.<a <a

grid connected PVhttp://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b2MJnh0LAyEhttp://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZIZqVKSyzk

Session 9

V-I characteristics of solar panel at various levels of insolation. (Practice)
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmXpm6EZGM8

Session 10

Mathematical modelling of Solar PV array using Simulink and Dymola tool(Practice)

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnZFi9CzF9Q

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQFQFjnNW9w

Session 11

Study and Simulation of a 10 kW solar PV plant (Practice)

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BCzCVCn8UM0

Session 13

Simulation and performance evaluation of solar water heater, solar cooker and solar dryer (Practice)

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vvdquZTr_vM

Session 14

Performance Study of Solar Flat Plate Thermal Collector Operation with Variation in Mass Flow Rate and Level of Radiation (Practice)

Session 15

WIND ENERGY: Introduction, Wind and its Properties, Wind Energy Estimation, Types of Wind Energy Systems, Performance, Site Selectionwind energy)

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PE69jcleKg

Session 16

, Details of Wind Turbine Generator. Basic principles of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS), Classification of WECS, Parts of WECS, Derivation for Power in the wind, Electrical Power Output and Capacity Factor of WECS, Advantages and Disadvantages of WECS.
<a

wind generator
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qSWm_nprfqE

Session 17

Details of Wind Turbine Generator. Basic principles of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS), Classification of WECS, Parts of WECS, Derivation for Power in the wind, Electrical Power Output and Capacity Factor of WECS, Advantages and Disadvantages of WECS.
<a

wind generator
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qSWm_nprfqE

Session 18

Session 19

BIOMASS ENERGY: Introduction, Principles of Bio-Conversion, Anaerobic/aerobic digestion, types of Bio-gas digesters, gas yield

BIOMASS ENERGYhttp://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVl17JLn_u0

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-jln6yi7LF0

Session 20

combustion characteristics of bio-gas, Biomass fuels, Biomass conversion technologies, waste to Energy Conversion, Power generation from urban, municipal and industrial waste.

Session 21

Biomass Gasification, Biomass to Ethanol Production
GASIFIER.

Session 22

Biogas production from waste biomass, factors affecting biogas generation, types of biogas plants – KVIC and Janata model; Biomass program in India.
Biogas plantshttp://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3UafRz3QeO8

Session 23

Biogas production from waste biomass, factors affecting biogas generation, types of biogas plants – KVIC and Janata model; Biomass program in India.
Biogas plants
http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3UafRz3QeO8

Session 24

Performance evaluation of a fixed dome and floating drum type biogas plant ( Practice)

http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdAA_3zCpfs

Case Studies

Case Studies

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