SKILL: Solar PV Installation

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Nimay Chandra Giri

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Course Name : Solar PV Installer

Code(Credit) : CUTM3073 (0-3-1)

Course Objectives

The objectives of this subject are:
• To develop and understanding sustainable development goals (SDGs) for our society
• To develop and familiarization with the principles, technology, materials, and tools required for solar PV system
• To develop an end-to-end technical understanding to execute solar PV installation and O&M
• To comply the industry specifications, guidelines and safety standards during work

Learning Outcomes

After completing this programme:
• The student will able to develop and understanding of perspective on SDGs
• The student will able to assess customer’s requirement, issue and challenges of solar PV system
• The student will expert on load calculation, design, installation and O&M of solar PV system
• The student will implement to prioritizing activities and organizing resources to meet desired outcome

Course Syllabus/Contents:

Module 1: Work Organization and management (2 hour), SGJ/N0101
Overview and applications in multiple sectors, Work technical terminology and symbols, theory and applications of mathematics, physics, and geometry, Standards currently used and recognized by industry, Current internationally recognized standards, Health and safety legislation and best practice including specific safety.
Practice 1: Site visit to acquire knowledge on Solar powered Projects.

Module 2: Site survey and customer's requirement (4 hours), SGJ/N0101, ELE/N5903
Practice 2: Measurement of latitude and longitude and it's application (shadow analysis) in Solar module installation.
Practice 3: Preparation of single line diagram (System layout) of the system.

Module 3: Basics of electrical, electronics and solar energy (6 hours), SGJ/N0101
Practice 4: Identify and carry out operation of different electrical components used in solar PV system.
Practice 5: Perform simple calculation of power, energy, radiation etc.
Practice 6: Identify and specify mono, poly and thin film type of solar cell/panel.

Module 4: Basics of SPV system and components (8 hrs), SGJ/N0101, SGJ/N0102
Practice 7: Identify the different components of a SPV system components and it's operation.
Practice 8: Identify and specify the lead acid, maintenance free, and Li-ion battery.
Practice 9:Identify and specify the PWM & MPPT type CCR.
Practice 10:Identify and specify the different types of inverter.

Module 5: Design and Installation of SPV System (8 hours), SGJ/N0103, SGJ/N0104
Practice 11:Performance of solar PV module at varying tilt angle.
Practice 12: Design and validation of Solar On-Grid/Off-Grid/hybrid system.
Practice 13: Identify tools & tackles used for civil/mechanical/electrical installation.
Practice 14: Plan and design of civil and Mechanical structure.

Module 6: Testing and Commissioning of SPV System (6 hours), SGJ/N0105
Practice 15: Installation and connection practice of solar PV modules on the structure.
Practice 16: Installation and connection practice of CCR and inverter at site.
Practice 17: Installation and connection practice of solar battery at site.
Practice 18: IV characteristics of solar cell/module.

Optional
Practice 19: Conduct the testing of all the solar components of the Solar PV system including fault finding, continuity checks, polarity check and other commissioning activities.
Practice 20: Carry out maintenance activities required for each component.

List of Projects/Products/Publications (15 hours: One project is to be chosen by group of students. Maximum group size is 5)

1.Design and validation of Solar Off-grid/On-grid system.
2.Design and validation of Solar Charge Controller.
3.Design and validation of Portable Solar Inverter.
4.Design and validation of Solar Powered Hand-free Sanitizer.
5.Design and validation of Solar Cap/Bag.
6.Design and validation of Solar Street Light.
7.Design and validation of Solar Study Lamp.
8.Design and validation of Solar Grass Trimmer.
9.Design and validation of Solar Emergency Light.
10.Design and validation of Solar Powered Mobile Charger.

Text Book:

1. CS Solanki, Photovoltaic – Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications, PHI, 2015.
Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2011.
2. Solar Electricity Handbook - 2019 Edition: A Simple Practical Guide to Solar Energy - Author: Mr Michael Boxwel.
3.NC Giri, SR Nayak, SP Mishra, and SN Sahu, Project Management and Smart Electrical Systems, ISBN 9798587652200, Amazon; 1st edition, 27 December 2020.

Reference Book:
1. VVN Kishore, Renewable Energy Engineering and Technology : principles and practice, Teri, India, 2008.
2. SS Das, DD Behera, and NC Giri, Clean Energy Applications in Modern World, Notion Press, ISBN: 9781638069560, 2021.
3. Suneal Deambi, Photovoltaic System Design: Procedures, Tools and Applications, CRC Press, 2018.
4. Poornima Charantimath, Entrepreneurship Development and small Business Enterprises, Third edition, Pearson, 2018.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_power

Renewable Energy report India 2019-20

HANDBOOK_Solar PV System

HANDBOOK-PV Installation

Session Plan

Session 1

Foundation (online)- (1) Sharing the success stories of the area/course so far (2) Sharing clear roadmap to deliver the course (3) List of Projects/Products they have to make.
Demo – Briefing on renewable energy, safety practices, tools to be used and their operation.
Practice - Site visit to acquire knowledge on solar powered projects.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lFQ4i8Ffwk5XqC30taJob6RE38ixVaez/view?usp=sharing/view?usp=sharing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdR_6Taga5A

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nJXN6kwyqA&feature=youtu.be

Session 2

Foundation (online)- Steps involved in site survey and customer's requirement.
Demo – Understand how to observe Sun path diagram and shading analysis.
Practice -Measurement of latitude and longitude and it's application (shadow analysis) in Solar module installation.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1TV1K8onMiEAMO-r5rRY2ABwO6dAhmyxb/view?usp=sharing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvCvANs7O7k

Session 3

Foundation (online)- Interpretation of drawings, material Handling and storage of components on-site.
Demo- Demonstration of drawing and material handling process of the project site.
Practice- Preparation of single line diagram (System layout) of the system
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18UzIZTSQHE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ailIMRL2VL4&feature=youtu.be

Session 4

Foundation (online) - Understand the basics of electricity and electrical concepts.
Demo - Process of use electrical components.
Practice - Identify and carry out operation of different electrical components used in solar PV system.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lKrMIuu5z5Z-CqL7SgiU0f4zjsWBwaJu/view?usp=sharing

https://youtu.be/ukxRD2SShoc

Session 5

Foundation (online) - Understand the knowledge on work, power, energy etc.
Demo - Demonstration of work, power, energy and radiation calculation process.
Practice - Perform simple calculation and measurement of power, energy, radiation etc.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukxRD2SShoc&feature=youtu.be

Session 6

Foundation (online)- Understand the concept of Solar cell, module/panel, string and array.
Demo - Demonstration of solar cell/panel/string/array.
Practice - Identify and specify mono, poly and thin film type of solar cell/panel.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1SWNH-rvY1_rhqr7HSQfqxWIdI2Kl4GVZ/view

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fip520UdeNU

Session 7

Foundation (online) - Understand the concept of SPV system and it's components.
Demo - Site visit to analyse and specify the required SPV system.
Practice - Identify the different components of a SPV system components and it's operation.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1kz-a9cfk1HlQqyJNNCgoXaaavXy0cIN9/view?usp=sharing

https://youtu.be/x6SyZyl5e-U

Session 8

Foundation (online) - Basics of storage device ( Battery).
Demo - Demonstration of different types of battery and it's application.
Practice - Identify and specify the lead acid, maintenance free, and Li-ion battery.
Web link: https://youtu.be/ZZ6BtEZChXc

Session 9

Foundation (online) - Basics of solar charge controller (CCR).
Demo - Demonstration of different types of CCR and it's application.
Practice - Identify and specify the PWM & MPPT type CCR.
Web link: https://youtu.be/UxAesEINhHE

Session 10

Foundation (online) - Basics of inverter.
Demo - Demonstration of different types of inverter and it's application.
Practice - Identify and specify the different types of inverter.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_WE3snTMSs

Session 11

Foundation (online) -Load calculation and sizing of SPV system.
Demo - Demonstration of rating identification of SPV system.
Practice - Performance of solar PV module at varying tilt angle.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1SnjCHqVf9CX-l3f7UFPJWUcNHBoJMpI0/view?usp=sharing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CO6VMd0uu_k/view?usp=sharing

Session 12

Foundation (online) - Concept on On-grid and Off-grid system.
Demo - Site visit for identification of On-grid, Off-grid and hybrid system.
Practice - Design and validation of Solar On-Grid/Off-Grid/hybrid system.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1SkARz4jHVhliQESK3MycYowom99TXUXu/view?usp=sharing/view?usp=drivesdk

https://youtu.be/DvSGy2MEuLg

Session 13

Foundation (online) -Understand and acquire knowledge on installation of the mounting structure along with structural supports and accessories for safe.
Demo - Demonstration of different tools used in structure design.
Practice - Identify tools & tackles used for civil/mechanical/electrical installation.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lVO-IxMe_9a7a3uKjEE9KOVyVDHNJIDK/view?usp=sharing

Session 14

Foundation (online) - Understand the installation process of SPV system.
Demo - Site visit to analyse of Solar system installation process.
Practice - Plan and design of civil and Mechanical structure.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_SsWb0lwesQ

Session 15

Foundation (online) - Knowledge on Solar module installation.
Demo - Site visit to acquire knowledge on Solar module installation at site.
Practice - Installation and connection practice of solar PV modules on the structure.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dMUW_tWhefMLwr2HD02PXIPLzQCsdkcG/view?usp=sharing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGnf_aWxJDg

Session 16

Foundation (online) - Knowledge on solar charge controller and inverter installation.
Demo - Site visit to acquire knowledge on solar charge controller and inverter installation.
Practice - Installation and connection practice of CCR and inverter at site.
Web link: https://youtu.be/52IcWJxTbJ8

https://youtu.be/aqw3opNRh0U

Session 17

Foundation (online) - Knowledge on solar battery installation.
Demo - Site visit to acquire knowledge on solar battery and it's application.
Practice - Installation and connection practice of solar battery at site.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QYCC1RqHeD0&pbjreload=101

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdgq1-o1_8g&feature=youtu.be

Session 18

Foundation (online) - Knowledge on electrical appliances for installation.
Demo - Demonstration of electrical appliances (Light, bulb, fan,TV, pump, wire, meter, grounding, earthing etc.) for installation in a SPV system.
Practice - IV characteristics of solar cell/module.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vE7dpQef9sc

Session 19

Foundation (online) - Understand the process of testing and commission process in a SPV system.
Demo - Demonstration of fault finding and testing of a solar PV system.
Practice - Conduct the testing of all the solar components of the Solar PV system including fault finding, continuity checks, polarity check and other commissioning activities.
Web link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1VkNIFgnLaodSssJy4D8DZ6dXwuoEtAlh/view?usp=sharing

Session 20

Foundation (online) -Understand the Typical faults, their causes and resolution for the all the components.
Demo - Activities of preventive & reactive maintenance of the plant.
Practice - Carry out maintenance activities required for each component.
Web link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWtukrV1xNQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PegMkXHR1MQ

List of Assignments (All have to complete the below assignments)

Assignment 1: Explain solar energy and its importance?
Assignment 2: Explain the Sun Path diagram and write Latitude & Longitude?
Assignment 3: Describe Shadow analysis and draw a single line diagram of any Solar PV system.
Assignment 4: Brief on Electricity and different equipment are used in a Solar PV system.
Assignment 5: Explain the concept of Solar cell, module/panel, string and array.
Assignment 6: Basics of storage device ( Battery) and Load.
Assignment 7: Basics of solar charge controller (CCR) & Inverter.
Assignment 8: Load calculation and sizing of SPV system.
Assignment 9: Installation of On-grid and Off-grid system.
Assignment 10: Describe Operation & Maintenance of Solar PV systems.

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    Nimay Chandra Giri

    Assistant Professor in ECE/CREE, SoET-Bhubaneswar Campus
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    Solar Energy, Electrical, Electronics & Agrivoltaic