Health Care Assistancy


Dr. Soumya Jal


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Domain Track Title : Health Care Assistancy

Track Total Credits ( T-P-P): 8+7+10

Courses Division:

Track Courses (3-4-0)

Health Care Assistancy (1-3-0)

Infection Control Policy (2-1-0)

Project Courses (5-3-10)

Laboratory Diagnosis of Diseases (1-3-1)

Drug Abuse and Stress Management (2-0-1)

Organization of Health Industries (2-0-3)

Project (0-0-5)

Domain Track Objectives:

  • Student will learn about different diagnostic tools used in medical laboratory for various disease detection and confirmation.
  • To recognize the benefit to patients and healthcare workers of adhering to scientifically accepted principles and practices of infection prevention and control
  • To study the types of Hospitals and services available
  • To provide the concept and understanding of Hospital Planning and Establishment

Domain Track Learning Outcomes:

  • Students will be able to understand different serological, Hematological and biochemical investigation used in medical laboratory.
  • Student can understand how to diagnosis different infectious diseases.
  • Understand the impact of community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections.
  • Understanding the designs to minimize the risk of occupational exposures to infectious diseases.
  • The student will be able to understand the planning for establishment of Hospital.
  • The student will learn the strategies of Marketing in Healthcare.
  • The student will understand the trends in Health Insurance.

Domain Syllabus:

  1. Laboratory Diagnosis of Diseases


Basics of Medical Diagnostic: Instruments used, Diagnostic tools, Glassware, General consideration and Safety measurement in laboratory.

Clinical Hematology: Blood and its components, Auto-mentation and CBC Machine.

Analytical Techniques of Biochemistry: Semi-automated analyser

Immunology/Serology: Antigen- antibody reaction, Agglutination and precipitation reaction.

Pathological Routine Investigation: Composition of various body fluids for diagnostic purpose, Basics of waste product Analysis (Stool, Urine, Semen).

Diagnostic Microbiology: Sterilization and disinfection, Cultivation of bacteria, Methods of preservation.



Pre and Post Analytical Technique: Methods of specimen collection, transportation and preservation, Prescription Reading,

Routine Hematological Analysis: Fully Automated CBC operation, Blood grouping and Rh factor, ESR, BT and CT, DC.

Routine Biochemical Investigation: LFT (SGOT, SGPT, ALP, Albumin, Total Protein), KFT (Urea, Uric acid, Creatinine), Lipid profile (Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol,) Blood glucose estimation (GOD/POD).

Pathological Routine Investigation: RE/ME of Urine, RE/ME of Stool, Semen Analysis, Urine HCG (Pregnancy Test).

Immunological/Serological Diagnosis: Immunological factor Analysis (RF, ASO, CRP), HBsAg, HIV, TOXO, VDRL, WIDAL.

Basic Microbiological Investigation: Culture media preparation, Staining protocol (Gram and ZN stain), Smear Preparation.



  1. Laboratory diagnosis of Diabetes (physiological disorder) and its clinical significance.
  2. Laboratory diagnosis of Jaundice and its clinical significance.
  3. Laboratory investigation and findings, cause, clinical significance of Liver cirrhosis.
  4. Project on Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) objective and outcome.
  5. Laboratory investigation and findings, cause, clinical significance of Kidney profile.


Suggested Readings:


  1. Wilson K and Walker J. (2010). Principles and Techniques of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 7th Ed., Cambridge University Press.
  2. Textbook of Medical Laboratory Technology P.B Godkar Mumbai, Bhalani Publishing House.
  3. Medical laboratory technology Vol.1 by K. L. Mukherjee, 2007, Publisher Tata Mc Graw Hill.


  1. Health Care Assistancy


GDA: Health care system, Personal hygiene and professional behaviours. Positioning/ Transferring/ Mobility of patients, observing and reporting, bed making, Role of General duty assistant

Home Health Aide: Functions of The Home Health Aid

Body Mechanics, Patient Safety & Patient’s Rights, Patient environment and its components.

Primary Medical Care & Immunization: Essential components of Primary Healthcare, Nutrition and Hydration, Sample collections, Soft Skills and Communication

Occupational Health: Occupational Hazard and Control Principles:  National Safety Policy, Occupational safety and Health Act (OSHA).

Ergonomics & Health Considerations at Work Place: Ergonomics Task analysis, Preventing Ergonomic Hazard. Occupational Health and Safety Considerations.



  1. Basic understanding of healthcare service providers (primary, secondary & tertiary)
  2. Basic understanding of various departments in the hospital
  3. Introduction to various types of positions
  4. Understand usage of wheel chair, stretcher, shifting of patient from bed to stretcher
  5. To gain understanding of importance of proper and safe disposal of bio-medical waste and treatment
  6. Explains different types of spillages and their management
  7. Observation of urine and stools for routine as well as special reporting


Suggested Readings:

  1. Model Curriculum – General Duty Assistant. NSQF level 4, Healthcare Sector Skill Council.
  2. Prescribed Curriculum Of Nursing Assistant Training Programs. Maine State Board of Nursing. September 2008.
  3. First Aid (Quick Study Health), Bar Chart Inc
  4. Providing home care: A textbook for home health aides, Willium Leahy
  5. CPR and lifesaving (Quick Study), Shirley A Jones
  6. Industrial and occupational health (PB 2017), HALDAR


  1. Infection Control Policy


Infection Control Policy and Regulation: Regulation of Infection Control, State and Central Government Regulation (SPCB & CPCB);

Overview of Infections: Hospital Acquired and Community Acquired Infections

Transmission and Control of Infection in Health Care Settings

Sterilization: Practices for Cleaning, Disinfection and Sterilization; CSSD: Central Sterile Department in Hospital

Biomedical Waste Management: Policies and protocols, Sewage treatment.

Selection and Use of Barriers and Personal Protective Equipment: Guidance on proper utilization of PPE/barriers

Prevention and Control of Infectious and Communicable Diseases in Health Care Workers: Pre-placement and periodic health assessments, Healthcare worker exposure risk education: Potential agents (HBV, HCV, HIV), Prevention strategies



Sterilization   & decontamination: Demonstration of Dry Heat, Moist heat, Radiation and Filtration Sterilization techniques

Practices for Cleaning: Hand Hygiene practices

Biomedical Waste Management: Demonstration of colour coding for BMW.

Personal Protective Equipment: Demonstration of steps to put on Personal Protective Equipment

Suggested Readings:

  1. Best Practices in Infection Prevention and Control, 2nd ed. (2012)by Soule, Memish & Malani
  2. Preventing Hospital Infections (2015)by Saint, Krein & Stock.

The Infection Preventionist's Guide to the Lab (2012) by Taylor & Kulich


  1. Drug Abuse and Stress Management


Drug Abuse: Drug Abuse, Awareness, Counselling and Availability of Drugs.

Dependence and Addiction, Effects of Use and Dependency.

Prevention of Drug Abuse in the Home, Schools & Workplace; Assessment, Intervention, Treatment & Follow up in drug abuse cases.

Stress Management: Sources, Types of stress and stressors, Stress and Nervous System, Stress level.

Role of Personality pattern, thoughts Beliefs and Emotions, Relaxation Techniques, Exercise and Health, DIY Strategies Stress Management.


  1. Developing a holistic model of managerial life style that calls for a balance in the following dimensions of life: professional, financial, social, cultural, creative and personal
  2. Model on causes of stress brought about in the modern world of multi-cultures
  3. Model on physiological reactions of the body to stress
  4. Project on Demonstrating the ability to monitor one’s physiological reactions to stress and applying stress reduction techniques
  5. Project on cognitive appraisal concept as it relates to stress
  6. Project on management of stress induced drug abuse

Suggested Readings:

  1. Rathus, S. A. (1984). Psychology. (2nd ed.). New York: CBS College Publishing.
  2. Rice, P. H. (1998). Health psychology: New York: Brooks I Cole-publishing company.
  3. Selye, H. (1983). Selyes’s Guide to Stress Research. (Vol. 3). New York: Scientific & Academic Editions Divisions of Van Northland Reinhold Company
  4. Haber, A. & Ruhyon, R. P. (1986). Fundamentals of Psychology. (4th ed.). New York: Random House Inc
  5. McNamara, S. (2000). Stress in Young People. London and New York: British Library.



  1. Organization of Health Industries


Types of hospitals: Classification of Health Care Organization; Hospitals: Definition, Types, Service.

Hospital Planning: General considerations; Choosing a site.

Hospital Establishment: Planning of different types of hospitals; Equipment Utilization & Audit, Quality control in equipment planning.

Application of Marketing in Health care: Public Relations; Advocacy & PR, Social Media marketing-e-marketing strategies.

Health Insurance: Principles of Health Insurance; Claims management; Risk assessment. Current trends in Health Insurance.



  1. A study on improvement of Clinical Practice in Hospitals
  2. A study on Current scenario of Safety and Quality of Healthcare System in India
  3. Types of Health Insurance Coverages
  4. An Analytical study on the Satisfaction of Patients on Medical facilities provided by Multispecialty Hospital
  5. Study on Health Economy of India
  6. Claiming process in Health Insurance Companies
  7. Project on formulation of marketing strategies to promote a healthcare service
  8. A project on cost analysis of the various departments in a hospital
  9. Project on the role of insurance scheme in health services

Suggested Readings:

  1. Hospital & Health Services administration-Principles & practices, Tabish, OUP.
  2. Kotler, Phillip & Clarke Roberta – Marketing for Healthcare Organisations, Prentice Hall,

New Jersey.

  1. Kunders, G D (2004) – Facilities Planning and Arrangement in Healthcare, Prism Books Pvt Ltd, Bangalore.


  1. PROJECT (0-0-5)

Session Plan for the Entire Domain:

Laboratory Diagnosis of Diseases

Session 1

Topic: Basics of medical laboratory techniques (Pre and Post Analytical Technique)



Session 2

Session 3

Topic: Fully Automated CBC operation


Session 4

Session 5

Topic: Routine Haematological Analysis


Session 6

Topic: ESR Estimation


Session 7

Topic: Bleeding Time


Topic: Clotting Time


Session 8

Session 9

Topic: Analytical Techniques of Biochemistry


Session 10

Session 11

Session 12

Session 13

Session 14

Session 15

Session 16

Session 17

Topic: Composition of various body fluids for diagnostic purpose


Session 18

Session 19

Topic: Pathological Routine Investigation (Stool Analysis)


Session 20

Topic: Pathological Routine Investigation (Semen Analysis)



Session 21

Session 22

Session 23

Session 24

Session 25

Topic: Gram Staining


Session Plan for the Entire Domain:

List of Projects/ papers/jobs/products to be done in domain:

Our Main Teachers

Dr. Soumya Jal

Associate Professor

Dr. Soumya Jal is working at Centurion University of Technology and Management since 2018, prior to which she was associated with Rama Devi Women’s University as a visiting faculty.  She has completed her Ph. D. in Medical Biotechnology from VIT University, Vellore (2016). Her research area includes fields such as, Applied and Clinical Microbiology, Molecular […]