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Module I: Reflection and Refraction
Reflection at a plane surface, reflection at spherical mirrors, Sign convention, Location of the image formation, Spherical mirror equation, Refraction, Total internal reflection, Derivation of mirror formula and its numerical ,Dispersion by a prism, Refraction through a prism, Rainbow.
To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
Module II: Lenses
Definition, Types of Lenses, Terminology associated with the Lens, Sign Convention and location of the image formation by by graphical method for Lenses, derivation of lens formula and its numerical.
To determine the dispersive power and Cauchy constants of the material of a prism using mercury source.
Determine the refractive index of the prism using a spectrometer.
Module III: Interference
Superposition principle, the definition of Interference, Coherence, Young’s double-slit experiment, Newton’s rings theory- Determination of wavelength of light.
Newton Ring’s-Refractive index of the liquid
Module IV: Diffraction and Polarization
Types of diffraction, Fraunhofer diffraction at a single sit, Polarization, Types of polarized light and their representation, Brewster Law, Applications of polarized light.
To find the grating element of a plane transmission diffraction grating.
Module V: Optical Properties and Laser
Light and its type, Scattering, refraction, reflection, absorption & transmission, Introduction to optoelectronics, Concept of Light Emitting Diode, Stimulated and spontaneous emission, Basic principle of Lasers, properties of laser, Applications of laser.
Wavelength of LASER source by diffraction grating method
Module VI: Optical Fibers
Introduction to fiber optics, the structure of optical fibers, classification of optical fibers on the variation of refractive index and on the variation of the mode of transmission/core diameter, Numerical Aperture, Acceptance angle. Principle of optical fibers communication, optical communication (block diagram only),Application of optical fibers.
To find the numerical aperture of a given optic fiber and hence to find its acceptance angle .