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To study methods of investigation in accidental cases, types of injuries in
accidents, documentation, collection and preservation of evidences and their
Understand the significance of tire mark evidence.
Understand the importance of air bags and photography of accident cases
Know about the usefulness of trace evidences in forensic investigations.
Unit 1: Motor Vehicle Accidents
Accident scene. Sources of forensic information. Eyewitness accounts. Extent of vehicle damage. Visibility conditions. Photographs of accident site. Estimation of speed. Tire marks, skid marks, scuff marks. Maintenance of vehicles. Abandoned vehicles. Importance of air bags. Railway accidents.
Unit 2: Accident Analysis
Pre-crash movement. Post-crash movement. Collision model. Gauging driver’s reaction. Occupants’s kinematics. Types of injuries resulting from accident. Biomechanics of injuries. Hit and run investigations. Trace evidence at accident sites.
Unit 3: Tachographs
Forensic significance of tachograph data. Tachograph charts. Principles of chart analysis. Accuracy of speed record. Tire slip effects. Falsification and diagnostic signals. Route tracing.
Accident Scene, sources of forensic information, eyewitness accounts
Eye witness accounts, extent of vehicle damage, visibility conditions
Photograph of accident site
Estimation of Speed
Importance of Tire Impressions
Maintenance of vehicles
Importance of air bags
Post crash movement
Gauging Driver's reaction
Types of injuries resulting from accident
Biomechanics of Injuries
Hit and Run Investigations
Trace evidence at accident sites
Physical Evidence in the Investigation of Traffic Accidents
Forensic Significance of tachograph data
Principles of Chart Analysis
Accuracy of speed record
Tire Slip effects
Falsification and diagnostic signals