Advanced Characterization Techniques

Teacher

Dr. Tapan Dash

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name: Advanced Characterization Techniques

Code(Credit) :CUTM1402(3-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • The objective of the subject is that the student acquires knowledge of the different existing experimental techniques for the microstructural and physicochemical characterizations of materials.
  • Students gain knowledge about the principles of various techniques.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to address following points: 

COs  
CO1 Students should gain a deep understanding of various advanced characterization techniques used in their specific field.
CO2 Students should be familiar with the principles and operation of advanced instrumentation used in characterization, including the technical aspects of different equipment.
CO3 Students should be able to interpret the results obtained from advanced characterization techniques and relate them to the properties and behavior of materials.
CO4 Students should understand how the results from advanced characterization techniques relate to the structure, composition, and properties of materials.
CO5 Depending on the course structure, students may gain hands-on experience in operating advanced characterization instruments, preparing samples, and performing experiments.

Course Syllabus

Module-I

Compositional and Structural Characterization

Principle of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Importance of Rietveld refinement in XRD (fundamental), Lattice parameters, Structure analysis, Phase identification, Crystallite size analysis using Scherrer's formula, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX).

Practice-1                                                                                                             

Crystal structure and phase identification determination by XRD (Biovia MS and phase identification by using relevant software)

Practice-2

Study on molecular spectroscopy by fluorescence instrument

Module-II

Advanced Microscopy Techniques for Nanomaterials

Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Atomic force microscopy (AFM), Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM).

Module-III

Spectroscopic Techniques

Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Photo-luminescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).

Practice-3

Familiarization with the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy

Practice-4

Band gap calculation from photo-luminescence spectra

Module-IV

Nanomaterials Electrical and Magnetic Characterization  Techniques

Measurement of resistivity by 4-probe method, Hall measurement, Measurement of magnetic of properties of nanomaterial (Magnetic hysteresis and dielectric properties by LCR meter),Vibrating sample magnetometer.

Module-V

Mechanical Characterization Techniques

Elastic and plastic deformation-mechanical properties of materials, models for interpretation of nanoindentation load-displacement curves, Nanoindentation data analysis methods-Hardness testing of thin films and coatings, Mechanical properties evaluation by universal testing machine (UTM), Dynamic mechanical analysis.

Practice-5

Evaluation of mechanical properties of material by nanoindentation technique

Practice-6

Measurement of tensile strength of material by UTM

Module-VI

Physical and Optical Characterizations of Nanostructured Materials

Introduction to particle size characterization, Zeta potential measurement – Particle size analysis, specific surface area by BET analysis, Photoconductivity.

Module-VII

Thermal and Electrochemical Characterization

Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), Differential thermal analyzer (DTA), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Electrochemical analysis (Charging-discharging cyclic voltammetry).

Reference Books:

1. ASM Handbook: Materials Characterization, ASM International, 2008.

2. Yang Leng: Materials Characterization-Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd., 2008.

3. Robert F. Speyer: Thermal Analysis of Materials, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1994.

4. Nanotechnology-Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Mick Wilson, Kamali Kannangra Geoff Smith, Michelle Simons and Burkhard Raguse, Overseas Press.

Session Plan

Session 1

Principle of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Importance of Rietveld refinement in XRD (fundamental), Lattice parameters, Structure analysis, Phase identification, Crystallite size analysis using Scherrer's formula

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsaTx5-KLT8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C1cYJthlBZY

https://slideplayer.com/slide/3866732/

http://profex.doebelin.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Lesson-1-XRD-and-Rietveld-Refinement.pdf

Session 2

Practice-1 (2 hours)

Crystal structure and phase identification determination by XRD (Biovia MS and phase identification by using relevant software)

http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=1&brch=282&sim=370&cnt=1

Session 5

Practice-2 (2 hours)

Study on molecular spectroscopy by fluorescence instrument

http://mfs-iiith.vlabs.ac.in/exp1/Simulator.html?domain=Molecular%20Fluorescence%20Spectroscopy&lab=Chemical%20Sciences

Session 12

Practice-3 (2 hours)

Familiarization with the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy

http://mas-iiith.vlabs.ac.in/exp1/Introduction.html?domain=%20Chemical%20Sciences&lab=ABSORPTION%20SPECTROSCOPY%20VIRTUAL%20LAB

Session 14

Practice-4 (2 hours)

Band gap calculation from photo-luminescence spectra

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqivfoW32rg&feature=youtu.be

Session 18

Session 20

Measurement of magnetic of properties of nanomaterial (Magnetic hysteresis and Dielectric properties by LCR meter)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjffdBe4AEA&t=693s

https://www.slideshare.net/tamilnesaner/lcr-meter-128571867

Session 23

Models for interpretation of Nanoindentation load-displacement curves

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSkPMEM5_a4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZkUvWiNeDs

Session 25

Practice-5 (2 hours)

Evaluation of mechanical properties of material by nanoindentation technique

http://mrmsmtbs-iitk.vlabs.ac.in/nano.html

Session 26

Mechanical properties evaluation by universal testing machine (UTM)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wEDumU8dHg0

https://www.slideshare.net/maneeb/utm-61058555

Session 27

Practice-6 (2 hours)

Mechanical properties evaluation by UTM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cC_C-3T1u_8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AcPt6OafTe0

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Dr. Tapan Dash currently works as Assistant Professor & HoD, Department of Applied Physics, SoAS (BBSR Campus), School of Applied Sciences, CUTM, Odisha. He has completed his PhD. in the field of experimental condensed matter physics. He has more than 10 years of research experience (including three years of industrial experience at Tata Steel, India […]