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•To Know and understand the concept of Ecology.
•Describe bio geochemistry, energy flow, biodiversity and their response to climate change.
•Develop a broad range of knowledge about biological activity of toxic substance.
•Students will gain an overview of contemporary pollution issues.
•Students will gain competency to understand the conservation biology.
On completion of this course, the students should be
•Able to demonstrate their knowledge of advanced topics in plant ecology
•To develop a scientific understanding of Ecology, Ecosystem and its principles.
•The students will explore the main ecological processes in terms of individuals, population and communities. .
•Critically evaluate environment pollution issues and the processes that influences their source, pathways and receptors
•The knowledge gained can be applied to field and laboratory. It will be helpful in conservation, ecological consultancy and research.
Module I: Ecosystem and PopulationEcology
Introduction to Ecology, Evolution of Ecology, Ecosystems and its different components, Trophic levels, energy flow pathways and ecological efficiencies, Gia hypothesis, global biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P, & S, ecosystem stability. Population Ecology: Characteristics of population: Distribution and size, factors affecting population size, Life history strategies, r and K selection, Concept of meta population, types and dynamics in meta population.
Practice:Practice on Nitrogen Cycle.
Module II : A new perspective to Natural resources
Natural Resources, Types of natural resources, Forest resources :use and over-exploitation,
deforestation, timber extraction, mining and dams(Case Studies). Silent valley Movement , Application of Remote Sensing in Forest Community. Prospects of alternate energy sources, Wind, Geothermal energy, and Nuclear energy.
Practice:Determination of Importance value index of species in a plant community.
Module III: Introduction to Air Pollution and its Management
An Introduction to Environmental Pollution and its Control, Concepts of Air Pollution, Natural and anthropogenic sources, primary and secondary pollutants. Indian National Ambient Air Quality Standards .Effect of Air pollution: Acid rain, Photochemical Smog, Ozone layer depletion and Global warming. Concepts on Noise Pollution: Introduction and Effect.
Module IV : Biological treatment of Waste Water
An Introductory concept to Water Pollution. Storm water, Types (fresh wateraquifer and marine) .Sources of water pollution. Effect of water pollution. Measurement of water quality parameters such as DO, BOD, pH and EC and Microbiologi logical analysis – MPN
Practice:Determination of Dissolved Oxygen of water by Winkler’s method.
Module V: Biotechnology for solid waste Management
Soil Pollution : Types and sources and Control. Degradation of pesticides and synthetic fertilizer. Aspects of Phytoremediation, Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Solid waste characteristics and its Disposal techniques, Fuel pellets, Refuse derived fuels.
Practice:Determination of pH and Conductivity of Soil.
Module VI: Principles of Toxicology
Toxicology: Principles of toxicology, Dose,uptake and retention,dose-response relationships and Quantal response. Aquatic Bioassay test: Chronic and Acute toxicity, Approach for Sub acute test and Biosensors, Bioaccumulation: Character of Xenobiotics, Concept of Bio magnification and Bioaccumulation., Bio concentration Factor. Quantitative structure activity relationship, The process of toxicant uptake, factors affecting bioaccumulation and measurement of it. Biodegradation of organic pollutants: Biodegradation of halogenated carbon compound, Polycyclic compound, Pesticides and Detergents.
Practice:Antibiotic Susceptibility Test in Microorganism.
Module-VII : Modern trends in Biodiversity
Concepts and components of biodiversity, Biodiversity indices, Biodiversity losses, A broad view on : In-situ conservation and Ex-situ conservation Megadiversity zones and biodiversity hotspots, National and global red data lists, International effort for conservation of Biodiversity. Intellectual Property Rights, Patent protection and Biopiracy and Bioprospecting
Practice: Calculating Biodiversity indices.
Kumar, H. D. and S.P. Adhikary (2006).A Text Book on Environmental Engineering. India Tech Publishing, New Delhi.
Pradipta kumar Mohapatra(2006). A textbook of Enviornmental Biotechnology,I.K Publishing house, New Delhi
Chapman, J. L. and Reiss, M. J. (1998). Ecology: Principles and Applications. Cambridge University Press, UK
Cunningham, W. P. and Cunningham, M. A. (2004). Principles of Environment Science. Enquiry and Applications. 2nd Edition. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
E. P. Odum (1996) Fundamentals of Ecology, Nataraj Publisher, DehraDun.<br / Hill, M. K. (1997). Understanding Environmental Pollution. Cambridge University Press, UK.<br /
Mason, C. F. (1991). Biology ofFreshwater Pollution. Longman, New York
Crawley, M., Crawley, J., Crawley, M. (1997) Plant ecology, 2nd edition, Wiley-Blackwell.
Introduction to Ecology, Evolution of Ecology,Ecosystems and its different components.
Tropic levels, energy flow pathways and ecological efficiencies, Gaia hypothesis
Characteristics of the population, Life history strategies, r and K selection, Concept of meta population, types and dynamics in metapopulation.
Global bio geochemical cycles of Water and Carbon.
Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Sulphur cycle and ecosystem stability
To study Nitrogen cycle
Natural Resources, Types of natural resources
Forest resources: use and over-exploitation, deforestation, timber extraction, mining and dams(Case Studies)
Sucess of Silent Valley Movement. Application of Remote sensing in Forest Ecosystem
Determination of Importance value index of species in a plant community.
Prospects of alternate energy sources, Wind, Geothermal energy, Nuclear energy.
A general introduction to Environmental Pollution and its Control
Concepts of Air Pollution,Natural and anthropogenic sources, primary and secondary pollutants.
Indian National Ambient Air Quality Standards
Effect of Air pollution and its Management: Acid rain, Photochemical smog ,Ozone layer depletion and Global warming.
An introduction to Water Pollution, Storm water pollution.
Types of Water pollution and its impact: Fresh water including aquifer and Marine with special reference Eutrophication.Sources of water pollution.
Measurement of water quality parameters such as DO, BOD, pH and EC and Microbiological analysis – MPN.
Determination of Dissolved Oxygen of water by Winkler’s method
Primary and Secondary treatment of Water, Biofilter, Rotating Biological Contractors and Tertiary treatment.
Microbial removal of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
Soil Pollution: Types and sources and Control. Degradation of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers.
To measure pH and Conductivity of Soil
Aspects of Phyto remediation: Phytoextraction,Rhizofiltration,Phytostabilization,Phytodegradation,Rhizodegradation and Phyto volatilization.
Solid waste characteristics and its Disposal techniques
Toxicology: Principles of toxicology, Dose,uptake and retention,dose-response relationships and Quantal response.
Aquatic Bioassay test: Chronic and Acute toxicity, Approach for Sub acute test and Biosensors .
Antibiotic Susceptibility Test in Microorganism
Bioaccumulation: Character of Xenobiotics, Concept of Biomagnification and Bioaccumulation., Bio concentration Factor.
Quantitative structure activity relationship, The process of toxicant uptake, factors affecting bioaccumulation and measurement of it.
Biodegradation of organic pollutants:Biodegradation of halogenated carbon compound,Polycyclic compound, Pesticides and Detergents
Concepts and Components of biodiversity, Biodiversity indices, Biodiversity losses
A broad view on :In-situ conservation and Ex-situ conservation with special reference to germplasm conversation.
Mega diversity zones and biodiversity hotspots, National and global red data lists, International effort for conservation of Biodiversity
IPRs, Patent protection and Biopiracy and Bioprospecting
Calculating the Biodiversity indices
I have submitted my Ph.D. thesis under Utkal University. Presently working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany, CUTM, Bhubaneswar. I have four years of teaching experience in a broad area of Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Plant Physiology, Environmental Biology, and Ecotoxicology. I have worked as a Junior Research Fellow in Chilika Development […]