Analog Systems and Applications

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Truptimayee Behera

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Analog Systems and Applications

Code(Credit) : CUTM1489(3-2-1 )

Course Objectives

  • The objectives of this subject are to Learn Fundamentals of electronic devices.
  • Design and Applications of electronic circuits.
  • Learn through practice mode the fundamental electronic devices

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Student identifies the relationship and correct usage of work, energy, heat capacity, specific heat, latent heat, and enthalpy.
  • Understand Semiconductor diodes, bipolar junction transistor.
  • Sketch, explain and design the amplifier circuit for given specification and analyze them discussoscillator principles, and frequency stability.
  • Analyze the dixerent types of Oscillators

Course Syllabus

Module I
Semiconductor Diodes :
P and N type semiconductors. Energy Level Diagram. Conductivity and Mobility, Concept of Drift velocity. PN Junction Fabrication (Simple Idea). Barrier Formation in PN Junction Diode. Static and Dynamic Resistance. Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode. Drift Velocity. Derival Barrier Potential, Barrier Width and Current for Step Junction. Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode.
Practice-1 : V-I characteristics of PN junction diode
Module I I
Two-terminal Devices and their Applications:
(1) Rectifier Diode: Half-wave Rectifiers. Centre-tapped and Bridge Full-wave Rectifiers, Calculation of Ripple Factor and Rectification Efficiency, C-filter
Diode and Voltage Regulation. Principle and structure of (1) LEDs, (2) Photodiode and (3) Solar Cell.
Practice-2:V-I characteristics of Light emitting diode.
Practice-3:V-I characteristics of a Zener diode and its use as voltage regulator.
Module I I I
Bipolar Junction transistors:
n-p-n and p-n-p Transistors. Characteristics of CB, CE and CC Configurations. Current gains α and β Relations between α and β. Load Line analysis of Transistors. DC Load line and Q- point. Physical Mechanism of Current Flow. Active, Cut-off and Saturation Regions.
Practice-4: To study the characteristics of a Bipolar Junction Transistor in CE, CB and CC configuration
Module IV
Amplifier:

Transistor Biasing and Stabilization Circuits. Fixed Bias and Voltage Divider Bias. Transistor as 2-port Network. h-parameter Equivalent Circuit. Analysis
single-stage CE amplifier using Hybrid Model. Input and Output Impedance. Current, Voltage and Power Gains. Classification of Class A, B & C Amplifier .
Practice-5:To study the various biasing configurations of BJT for normal class A ,B and C operation

Module V
Coupled Amplifier :

Two stage RC-coupled amplifier and its frequency response
Feedback in Amplifier:

Effects of Positive and Negative, Feedback on Input, Impedance, Output Impedance, Gain, Stability, Distortion and Noise.
Practice-6:To study the frequency response of voltage gain of a RC-coupled transistor amplifier

Module VI
Operational Amplifier (Black Box approach)

Characteristics of an Ideal and Practical Op-Amp. (IC 741) Open-loop and Closed-loop Gain. Frequency Response. CMRR. Slew Rate and concept of Virtual ground.

Practice-7: Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) for dc voltage of given gain
Practice-8: Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) and study its frequency response
Practice-9:Non-inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) & study its frequency response.

Module VI I

(1) Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, (2) Adder, (3) Sub-tractor , (4) Differentiator, (5) Integrator, (6) Log amplifier, (7) Zero crossing detector (8) Wien bridge oscillator.

Practice-10:Two dc voltages using Op-amp in inverting and non-inverting mode.
Practice-1 1 :To investigate the use of an op-amp as a Differentiator and Integrator.
Practice-1 2:To study the zero-crossing detector and comparator .

Textbook:
1. Integrated Electronics, J. Millman and C.C. Halkias, 1991, Tata Mc-Graw Hill
Reference Books:
1. Electronics: Fundamentals and Applications, J.D. Ryder, 2004, Prentice Hall.
2. Solid State Electronic Devices, B.G.Streetman & S.K.Banerjee, 6th Edn.,2009, PHI Learning
3. Electronic Devices & circuits, S.Salivahanan & N.S.Kumar, 3rd Ed., 2012, Tata Mc-Graw Hill
4. OP-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuit, R. A. Gayakwad, 4th edition, 2000, Prentice Hall
5. Microelectronic circuits, A.S. Sedra, K.C. Smith, A.N. Chandorkar, 2014, 6th Edn., Oxford University Press.
6. Electronic circuits: Handbook of design & applications, U.Tietze, C.Schenk,2008, Springer
7. Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology, S.M. Sze, 2nd Ed., 2002, Wiley India
8. Microelectronic Circuits, M.H. Rashid, 2nd Edition, Cengage Learning
9. Electronic Devices, 7/e Thomas L. Floyd, 2008, Pearson India

Session Plan

Session 1

P and N type semiconductors
https://youtu.be/5ZNeDxfgYAE
https://slideplayer.com/slide/13360005/

Session 2

Energy Level Diagram
https://www.slideshare.net/DebiPrasadDash3/p-n-junctioneema
https://youtu.be/mwlWIfNvt1w

Session 3

Conductivity and Mobility, Concept of Drift velocity
https://youtu.be/wLIFZwMWivs
https://www.slideshare.net/mailamarendra/mobility-38203919

Session 4

Flip class-1:
PN Junction Fabrication (Simple Idea). Barrier Formation in PN Junction Diode
https://youtu.be/4SlfaocMfdA
https://youtu.be/YiDs8ZnpVD4
https://www.slideshare.net/poojithchowdhary/pn-junction-diode

Session 5

Practice-1 (2 hours)
V-I characteristics of PN junction diode
You tube video : pn junction diode

Session 6

Static and Dynamic Resistance
https://youtu.be/jIV173a-ad8
https://www.physics-and-radio-electronics.com/electronic-devices-and-circuits/semiconductor-diodes/dioderesistance-staticresistancedynamicresistance.
html

Session 7

Current Flow Mechanism in Forward and Reverse Biased Diode. Derivation for Barrier Potential
https://youtu.be/hKGJoW_u6wo
https://www.slideshare.net/priyankasingh834/semiconductor-diodes-73300955

Session 8

Flip class-2:
Rectifier Diode: Half-wave Rectifiers. Centre-tapped and Bridge Full-wave Rectifiers, Calculation of Ripple Factor and Rectification Effciency
Half wave Rectifier
HWR ripple factor
FWCTR
https://www.slideshare.net/AnkitDubey166/diodes-and-rectifiers

https://youtu.be/__kdMSCvGYI

Session 9

C-filter
https://youtu.be/__kdMSCvGYI

Session 10

Zener Diode and Voltage Regulation
https://youtu.be/pqzoOlj5Nig

Session 11

Practice-2:(2 hours)
V-I characteristics of a Zener diode and its use as voltage regulator.
Virtual lab:v lab

Session 12

Principle and structure of LEDs
https://youtu.be/tPFI2_PdCYA

Session 13

Practice-3:(2 hours)
V-I characteristics of Light emitting diode.
virtual lab:v lab

Session 14

Photodiode
https://youtu.be/UoHgPZzu_g8

Session 15

Solar Cell
https://youtu.be/H-fchPoxSGE

Session 16

n-p-n and p-n-p Transistors
https://youtu.be/dTx9VKV0hjo
https://www.slideshare.net/mjunaidazeemi/electronics-ppt-43172816

Session 17

Flip class:3

Characteristics of CB, CE and CC Configurations

https://youtu.be/xMWc8n7eB4whttps://www.slideshare.net/meenakshirpatil/transistor-configurations

Session 18

Practice-4:(2 hours)
To study the characteristics of a Bipolar Junction Transistor in CE, CB and CC configuration
you tube :
CC con{guration
CE con{guration
CB con{guration

Session 19

Current gains α and β Relations between α and β
https://youtu.be/4AgynmNJ6xQ
https://www.pitt.edu/~qiw4/Academic/ME2082/Transistor%20Basics.pdf

Session 20

Load Line analysis of Transistors. DC Load line and Q-point.
https://youtu.be/tNrRcR4-XhM
https://www.pitt.edu/~qiw4/Academic/ME2082/Transistor%20Basics.pdf

Session 21

Physical Mechanism of Current Flow. Active, Cut-ox and Saturation Regions
https://youtu.be/tG7XNM4vzLM

Session 22

Flip class-4:
Transistor Biasing and Stabilization Circuits. Fixed Bias
https://youtu.be/lKuDtIayEJw

Session 23

voltage divider bias

https://youtu.be/z-aut8JlfrY

Session 24

Transistor as 2-port Network. h-parameter Equivalent Circuit
https://youtu.be/SPmaLlHwAZg
http://www.zen22142.zen.co.uk/Theory/tr_model.htm

Session 25

Analysis of a single-stage CE ampli{er using Hybrid Model. Input and Output Impedance. Current, Voltage and Power Gains
https://youtu.be/NEiVSbPYWNE

Session 26

Classi{cation of Class A, B & C Ampli{ers
https://youtu.be/0e_OUyGCaBs
https://www.slideshare.net/ArsalanEcat/classes-of-amplifiers

Session 27

Practice-5:(2 hours)
To study the various biasing con{gurations of BJT for normal class A operation.
https://learnabout-electronics.org/Amplifiers/ampli{ers12.php

Session 28

Flip Class:5
Two stage RC-coupled amplifier and its frequency response
https://www.slideshare.net/agarwal3/the-working-theory-of-an-rc-coupled-amplifier-in-electronics

Session 29

Practice-6:(2 hours)
To study the frequency response of voltage gain of a RC-coupled transistor ampli{er
https://youtu.be/7HxGCFMCNYE

Session 30

Flip class-6:
Exects of Positive and Negative, Feedback on Input, Impedance
https://youtu.be/xu1A7VsEqpw
Output Impedance, Gain, Stability
https://youtu.be/F9cCnYRdeYA
https://youtu.be/do1RPhE8Kaghttps://slideplayer.com/slide/12935527/

Session 31

Distortion and Noise
https://youtu.be/do1RPhE8Kag

Session 32

Flip class-7:
Characteristics of an Ideal and Practical Op-Amp. (IC 741)
https://youtu.be/kiiA6WTCQn0
https://www.slideshare.net/SiddiquiMahboob/op-amp-53203882

Session 33

Practice-7:(2 hours)
Inverting ampli{er using Op-amp (741,351) for dc voltage of given gain
http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1120&cnt=2172

Session 34

Practice-8:(2 hours)
Inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) and study its frequency response
http://vlabs.iitb.ac.in/bootcamp/labs/ic/exp3/exp/index.php

Session 35

Practice-9:(2 hours)
Non-inverting amplifier using Op-amp (741,351) & study its frequency response.
http://technlab.blogspot.com/2016/07/experiment-8-design-inverting-and-non.html

Session 36

Open loop opamp

https://youtu.be/vQQJuUN7n-whttps://www.slideshare.net/SiddiquiMahboob/op-amp-53203882

Session 37

Closed-loop Gain
https://youtu.be/XC48KW_LA-I

Session 38

Frequency Response.
https://youtu.be/3Sr1xZw2t0U

Session 39

CMRR
https://youtu.be/hpCu3HbAiWg

Session 40

Flip class-8:
Slew Rate and concept of Virtual ground
https://youtu.be/AuZ00cQ0UrE

Session 41

Inverting amplifiers
https://youtu.be/U1KbM4yLg

Session 42

non-inverting amplifiers
https://youtu.be/uyOfonR_rEw

Session 43

Practice-10:(2 hours)
Two dc voltages using Op-amp in inverting and non-inverting mode
https://youtu.be/jsKSfaFQ4d4

Session 44

Adder
https://youtu.be/jsKSfaFQ4d4

Session 45

Subtractor
https://youtu.be/ltVspUteuuI

Session 46

Differentiator
https://youtu.be/ltVspUteuuI

Session 47

Integrator
https://youtu.be/OPvs7A554Rw

Session 48

Practice-11:(2 hours)
To investigate the use of an op-amp as a Dixerentiator and Integrator.
http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1118&cnt=2166
http://vlab.amrita.edu/?sub=3&brch=60&sim=1117&cnt=2163

Session 49

Flip class-9:
Log ampli{er
https://youtu.be/Nrfb-s0wl6g

Session 50

Zero crossing detector
https://youtu.be/VWQFXExlEmc

Session 51

Practice-12:(2 hours)
To study the zero-crossing detector and comparator.
Zero Crossing detection

Session 52

Flip class-10:
Wein bridge oscillator
https://youtu.be/gbUXbaxvX94
slide share wien-bridge-oscillator

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    Truptimayee Behera

    Lecturer in Physics,School of Applied Science
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    Mrs.Truptimayee Behera , working as Asst. Professor in the Dept School of Applied Science,  Rayagada Campus of Centurion University of Technology and Management Odisha. I have 03 years of teaching experience in the field of Physics. I have completed  B.Sc. and M.Sc in Physics ,Specialization Electronics from Centurion University of Technology and Management and completed […]