Subject Code : BSRT2301
Subject type : 3+1+0
- Introduction to the use of ionizing radiation for the management of cancer.
- To get exposure to different types of clinical radiation generators.
- Use of radioactive sources for the management of malignant and non-malignant diseases.
- To know different areas of cancer management using advanced types of equipment.
CO1: To understand the concept of tube voltage,filtration and target materials
CO2: To explain different beam defining devices and radiation units
CO3: To Analyse the measurement of radiation and dosimetry procedure.
CO4: Evaluating treatment dose calculation, daily treatment type of electron and neutron therapy.
CO5: To Apply the cardinal principles of radiation protection and effectively use different rdiation monitoring devices
Effects of variation of tube voltage current, filtration, III waveform and target material on X-ray production lows of radioactivity and decay schemes of different alpha, Beta, gamma ray. Megatron and position emitters as used in medicine especially in radiotherapy.Artificial radionuclide generators employed in medicine in general and radiotherapy sources in particulars.
Physical requirements of beam defining devices e.g. cones, diaphragm, collimators etc. Units of radiation measurements specification of quality and half- valve thickness (HIV) and its measurements, filters and filtration. Measurement of radiation and dosimeteric procedures. Radiation detectors and their principles of working. Definition of Bragg-peak , percentage depth dose, peak scatter factor, tissue air-ratio, tissue maximum ratio, scatter air ratio, isodose curves and radiation penumbra of different beams. Wedge filters, wedge angle, hinge angle. Compensator beams flattering filters, scattering foils. Physical properties of phantom materials, bolus and substitutes. Factor used for treatment dose calculations, Daily treatment time and monitor units calculation method physical aspects of electron and neutron therapy.
Definition of radiation hazards maximum permissible dose and annual limit of intake (ALI) permissible dose levels on and around sealed source housing and installation principles of radiation protection and MPD of different ICRP rules, stochastic and nonstochastic effects. Importance of ‘ALARA’ physical principles of design and planning of installation safe work practice in teletherapy and brachytherapy. Shielding materials Radiation survey and personnel monitoring devices film badge, TLD badges pocket dosimeters.
- Advance Medical Physics by Rehani , publisher jaypee brothers
- Radiation Physics by Faiz M Khan, publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Effects of variation of tube voltage current, filtration, III waveform
Target material on X-ray production
Laws of radioactivity
Different schemes of alpha, Beta and gamma ray decay
Megnetron and position emitters as used in medicine especially in radiotherapy
Explain the Artificial radionuclides
Artificial radionuclide generators employed in medicine in general.
Discussing about radiotherapy sources in particulars.
Explaining Physical requirements of beam defining devices i.e cones, diaphram and collimator
Units of radiation measurement
Measurements of specification of quality and half-wave thickness
Discussed about the filters and filtration
Measurement of radiation and dosimetric procedures
Demonstrate the principles and working of radiation detectors.
Explain the Bragg peak, percentage depth dose, peak scatter factor,tissue air – ratio, tissue maximum ratio and scatter air ratio.
Draw the isodose curves
Demonstrate the radiation penumbra of different beams
Demonstrate the Wedge filters and wedge angle and hinge angle
Explaining the working of Compensator beams flattering filters and scattering foils
Explain the physical properties of phantom materials
Explain bolus and substitutes, the factors used for treatment dose calculations
Demonstrate the daily treatment time and monitor units calculation method aspects of electron and neutron therapy.
Demonstrate the radiation hazards.
Explaining the annual limit of intake (ALI) permissible dose levels on and around sealed source housing
Explain the installation principles of radiation protection.
Explain MPD(maximum permissible dose), Different ICRP rules
Explain Stochastic and nonstochatic effects
Demonstrate the Importance of ALRA principle
Explain physical principles of design and planning of installation safe work practice in teletherapy
Explain physical principles of design and planning of installation safe work practice in brachytherapy
Explaining the shielding materials and radiation survey.
Explain the film badges
Explain TLD badges and comparison