Basic Electrical Engineering

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Code(Credit) :CUTM1057 (1-1-0) 2 Credits

Course Objectives

• In this course, student will come to know about the Basics of Electrical Engineering, Currents and Voltages across various Electrical elements.
• Their behavior in both Alternating Current and Direct Current circuits.
• Analysis of 1-phase and 3-phase AC wave forms.

Learning Outcomes

• Student will be exposed to the breadth of electrical engineering, able to gain knowledge in Electrical Circuits (AC and DC).
• Acquire knowledge on various parameters of electrical engineering and their properties with hands-on-practice of basic electrical experiments.
• Acquire basic knowledge on electromagnetism.
• Application of electromagnetism in generating electricity.
• Knowledge gain on AC 1-ϕ and 3-ϕ circuits.

Course Outcomes

 COs Course outcomes Mapping COs with POs (High-3, Medium-2, Low-1) CO1 Able to gain knowledge on understanding the basic electrical circuit and magnetic circuit. PO1 ( 3),PO2(2) CO2 Able to solve the problem related to electrical and magnetic circuits. PO2(3) CO3 Use of software tools to design and analyze using software and hardware tools. PO5(3)

Course Syllabus

Module I: Basic Concepts and Basic Laws (4hrs)

Theory

Essence of Electricity, Electric Field; Electric Current, Potential and Potential Difference, E.M.F., Electric Power, Ohm’s Law, Basic Circuit Components, Ideal and Practical Sources, Source Conversion.

Practice:

1. Design and Analysis of Basic electrical circuits using Dymola. Plotting the V-I Characteristics of Incandescent lamp using Dymola.

Module II:  Methods of Analysis (4hrs)

Theory

Network Analysis using Series and Parallel Equivalents, Voltage and Current Divider Circuits, Nodal Analysis, Mesh Analysis, Delta-Star & Star-Delta conversion.

Practice :

2. Verification of KCL and KVL in series and parallel circuits using Dymola.

Module III: DC Network Theorems (3hrs)

Theory

Analysis of Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's theorem.

Practice:

3. Verification of Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's  theorem using Dymola.

Module IV: Introduction to Electromagnetism (4hrs)

Theory

Magnetic Circuits, B-H curve, Permeability, Reluctance, Solution of simple magnetic circuits, Hysteresis and Eddy current loss. Methods of preventing such losses. Solenoids and field coils. Application of solenoids in different circuits in Automobiles and in electrical circuit.

Practice (Hardware):

4. Observation of generation of magnetic flux for different input current in a coil and plotting B-H Curve.

Module V: Single-Phase Transformer (2hrs)

Practice (Hardware):

5. Study of Transformers, Linear Transformer Model, Ideal Transformer Model, No-load Loss and Load-loss Calculation.

Module VI:  AC Circuit Analysis (3hrs)

Theory

Single-phase EMF Generation, Waveform and Phasor Representation, Average and Effective value of sinusoids, Peak factor & Form factor, Complex Impedance and Power using j-operator, Power factor.

Practice:

6. Calculation of current, voltage, power & power factor of series RLC circuit excited by 1-Ø A.C Supply using Dymola.

Module VII: Phasor Analysis (3hrs)

Theory

Three-Phase AC Circuits: Comparison between single-phase and three-phase systems, Three-phase EMF Generation, Line and Phase quantities in star and delta networks, Power and its measurement in three-phase balanced circuits.

Practice

7. Measurement of power and power factor in a 3-Ø AC circuit by (one, two and three) wattmeter using Dymola.

Recommended Books:

1. P. K. Sathpathy, “Basic Electrical Engineering,” 3rd Edition, Oxford.

2. B. L. Thereja, “Electrical Technology”, Volume-I,2005 Edition(24th Revised Edition)

3. Hughes, “Electrical & Electronic Technology”, Ninth Edition (Revised by J Hiley, K Brown, and I Smith), Pearson Education

Session 1

Essence of Electricity, Electric Field; Electric Current, Potential and Potential Difference, E.M.F., Electric Power

Video: Electric Fields and Electric Potential

Session 2

Ohm’s Law, Basic Circuit Components, Ideal and Practical Sources, Source Conversion.

Notes: Circuit Elements

Video: Electrical Charge and Current

Video: Real Voltage and Current Sources

Session 3

Design and Analysis of Basic electrical circuits using Dymola. Plotting the V-I Characteristics of Incandescent lamp using Dymola.

Session 5

Network Analysis using Series and Parallel Equivalents, Voltage and Current Divider Circuits

Notes: Series-Parallel Circuits

Video: Voltage Divider Law

Session 6

Nodal Analysis, Mesh Analysis, Delta-Star & Star-Delta conversion

Notes: Mesh Analysis

Session 7,8

Verification of KCL and KVL in series and parallel circuits using Dymola.

Session 9

Analysis of Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's theorem.

Notes: Ciruit Theorems

Session 10 & 11

Verification of Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's  theorem using Dymola.

Session 12

Magnetic Circuits, B-H curve, Permeability, Reluctance, Solution of simple magnetic circuits

Notes: b~h curve bee

Session 13

Hysteresis and Eddy current loss, Methods of preventing such losses, Solenoids and field coils. Application of solenoids in different circuits in Automobiles in electrical protection.

Notes: Eddy and Hysteresis Loss

Session 14,15

Observation of generation of magnetic flux for different input current in a coil and plotting B-H Curve.

Session 16,17

Single-Phase Transformer: Study Of Transformers, Linear Transformer Model, Ideal Transformer Model, No-load Loss and Load-loss Calculation.

Session 18

Single-phase EMF Generation, Waveform and Phasor Representation, Average and Effective value of sinusoids, Peak factor & Form factor.

Complex Impedance and Power using j-operator, Power factor.

Session 19,20

Calculation of current, voltage, power & power factor of series RLC circuit excited by 1-Ø A.C Supply using Dymola software.

Session 21

Three-Phase AC Circuits: Comparison between single-phase and three-phase systems, Three-phase EMF Generation.

Line and Phase quantities in star and delta networks, Power and its measurement in three-phase balanced circuits.

Notes Three Phase Circuit

Session 22,23

Measurement of power and power factor in a 3-Ø AC circuit by wattmeter.

Notes: Power measurement

Assignments

Assignment_1_BEE

Assignment_2_BEE

Question bank BEE

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Dr. Abinash Rath

Assistant Professor
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I hold a B.Tech in Electrical Engineering from Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar, India, followed by an M.Tech in Power Electronics Control and Drives from Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, India. Subsequently, I completed my Ph.D. in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India. My research interests […]