Certificate in X-Ray Technology


Rajesh Sukkala


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Course Name : Certificate in X-Ray Technology

Code(Credit) : CUTM(3-1-0)

Course Description:

X-Ray Technology is a paramedical expert course, offered to people who will perform symptomatic tests in clinical therapy with the utilization of radiation.


Radiographer (X-Ray Technician) function as a part of the medical care group in the Diagnostic Imaging Department, Accident and Emergency, Intensive Care Unit and Operating Theater.


Subject Type: Theory+Practice

The pre-requisite for a Certificate in X-Ray Technology is 10+2 with science (Biology) subjects or equivalent from a recognized University or Board. Certificate courses for X-Ray Technology careers which needs 10+2 with Biology subjects. Courses are by colleges, universities as well as Medical College.

The duration of the course is One and Half Months. The weekly duration of practice is to be done on campus or Hospital/Diagnostic Center:

Online: Theory

Campus: Practice (Per week 6hrs)

Faculty: For eligibility as a faculty for a certificate course in X-Ray Technology, a person should have a minimum qualification of DMIT (with 5 Years Experience)/ B. Sc. Radiology (with 3 Years Experience).

Certificate to be given from the university: Centurion University of Technology & Management

Job opportunity: X-Ray Technician, Mammography Technician, OPG Technician, Radiation safety officer, Sales Manger in MNC company, Diagnostic center in-charge.

Contact with an industry person: Asst.Prof. / Rajesh Sukkala

Contact No.: 8087850936

Course Objectives

1.Covers the practical application of radiography in the paramedical profession.

2.Includes principles of x-ray production, the operation and uses of x-ray machines, the care and development of films, and radiographic positioning of patients.

3.Prerequisites: Admission to the X-Ray Technology program.

4.Use an understanding of diagnostic quality images to determine options to correct deficiencies and to maximize diagnostic benefit and minimize radiation exposure based on repeated images.

5.Apply knowledge of the health risks and effective safety procedures and professional judgment to minimize risks to personnel and patients during radiographic procedures.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:

Safely and effectively produce diagnostic radiographic images.


(1) Prepare radiographic and darkroom equipment
(2) Measure and position the patient using topographic landmarks,
(3) Choose an appropriate radiographic technique to minimize the need for repeat exposures
(4) Produce the latent image,
(5) Process the exposed film,
(6) Analyze the final radiograph for quality in order to provide maximum diagnostic benefit.

Course Syllabus

Module -1 

Anatomy & Physiology:

Skeletal System, .Respiratory system, Digestive System, Urinary system, Central nervous system, Endocrine system, Reproductive system

Module -2 

Essential Physics:

Sound & Heat, A.C. and D.C. power supply, Rectification and Transformers,  Electromagnetic radiation spectrum and its properties, Production of X and gamma rays, Radioactivity, Interaction of radiation with matter, Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), Radiation protection.

Module – 3 

Principles of imaging:

X-ray films, Intensifying screens, X-ray cassettes, Darkroom and types of equipment in Darkroom, Developer & fixer, Automatic Processing system, LASER Printer.

Module -4

Construction of Equipment:

Stationery anode x-ray tube, rotating anode x-ray tube, Beam Restrictors, Grids, Fluoroscopy, Image Intensifier tube, Portable and mobile x-ray units, Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).


Radiographic Technique– 1:(Practice)

Upper limb, Lower Limb, Vertebral column, Skull Radiography, Chest X-Ray, Abdominal X-Ray. Views: AP, PA, LATERAL, OBLIQUE, RAO, LAO

Module – 6 

Radiographic Special Procedures:(Practice)

Contrast media used in the x-ray department (inclusive of those applicable to CT & MRI), Barium meal, Barium swallow, Barium enema, BMFT, IPV, HSG, RGU, MCUG, Myelography, Sialography, Angiography

Module- 7

Mammography & Ultrasound:

Mammography Machine, Views, Ultrasound, Transducer, Probes, Properties of Ultrasound. Doppler Ultra Sound.



Text Books :

1. Basic Radiological Physics -K.Thayalan
2.Radiological Procedure -Dr.Bhushan N Lakhar
3.Manipal Manual of Anatomy -Madhyastha
4.Clark's Positioning in Radiography-Hodder Arnold

Session Plan

Session 1

Module-1 Anatomy & Physiology:

Topic: Skeletal System

Video: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/INTRODUCTION-.mp4

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-radiology-technology/skeletal-system-4/


Session 3

Module -1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic: Digestive System

Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/digestive-system.mp4

Session 4

Module -1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic: Central Nervous System

Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Nervous-sys-1.mp4

Session 5

Module-1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic : Endocrine System

Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/endocrine-system.mp4


Module-2 Essential Physics:

Topic: Electromagnetic radiation spectrum and its properties, Production of X and gamma rays, Radioactivity, Interaction of radiation with matter

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Module-2-1.ppt


Module -2 Essential Physics:

Topic: Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), Radiation protection

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/TLD-BADGE.pptx


Module-3 Principles of Imaging

Topic : X-ray films, Intensifying screens, X-ray cassettes

Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Adobe_Spark_Video.mp4


Module-4 Construction Of Equipment

Topic : Stationery anode x-ray tube & Rotating anode x-ray tube


Assignment-1 : Draw the diagram of Rotating anode tube & describe in detail.


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic : Upper Limb

Practice Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/HAND.mp4

Practice Video : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/SHOULDER.mp4

Practice Video: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/ELBOW.mp4


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic : Chest X-Ray

Practice Video: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/CHEST.mp4


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic: Abdominal X-Ray

Practice Video: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/ABDOMEN.mp4-converted.mp4


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic: Pelvic Bone

Practice Video: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/PELVIS.mp4


Module -6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium Meal

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/barium-meal/


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic : Barium Enema

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/barium-enema/


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium Meal Follow Through 

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/barium-meal-follow-through/


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium swallow

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/barium-swallow/


Module -6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: IVP

Notes : http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/intravenous-urogram/

Assignment - 2 : Draw the diagram of Kidneys and write indications, contraindications , patient preparation & procedure of Intravenous pyelogram


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: MCUG

Notes: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/micturating-cystourethrogram/


Module - 7 Mammography and Ultrasound:

Topic: Mammography

Notes: http://courseware.cutm.ac.in/courses/certificate-in-x-ray-technology/mammography/

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Rajesh Sukkala

Assistant Professor Of Radiology

I am an Assistant Professor of Radiology with a Master's Degree in Medical Imaging Technology. I have worked with most reputed diagnostic centers and Medical Colleges in Hyderabad and Pune As Radiologic Technologist and An Assistant Professor. And I am also the first professional to be certified in Andhra Pradesh as a Fibroscan Technologist. I have handled all the Radiology Modalities and had a good experience in teaching.