Module I: ( 12 hrs)
Crime Scene Management
Types of crime scenes – indoor and outdoor. Securing and isolating the crime scene.
Crime scene search methods. Safety measures at crime scenes. Documentation of crime scenes – photography, videography, sketching and recording notes.
Duties of first responders at crime scenes. Coordination between police personnel and forensic scientists at crime scenes. The evaluation of 5Ws (who?, what?, when?, where?, why?) and 1H (how?). Crime scene logs.
Module II: (10 hrs)
Crime Scene Evidence
Classification of crime scene evidence – physical and trace evidence. Locard principle.
Collection, labeling, sealing of evidence. Hazardous evidence. Preservation of evidence.
Chain of custody. Reconstruction of crime scene.
Module III: ( 15 hrs)
Glass evidence – collection, packaging, analysis. Matching of glass samples by mechanical fit and refractive index measurements. Analysis by spectroscopic methods. Fracture analysis and direction of impact.
Paint evidence – collection, packaging and preservation. Analysis by destructive and non-destructive methods. Importance of paint evidence in hit and run cases.
Fibre evidence – artificial and man-made fibres. Collection of fibre evidence. Identification and comparison of fibres.
Soil evidence – importance, location, collection and comparison of soil samples.
Cloth evidence – importance, collection, analysis of adhering material. Matching of pieces.
Toolmark evidence. Classification of toolmarks. Forensic importance of toolmarks. Collection, preservation and matching of toolmarks. Restoration of erased serial numbers and engraved marks. Forensic gemmology.
To prepare a report on evaluation of crime scene.
To reconstruct a crime scene (outdoor and indoor).
To compare soil samples by density gradient method.
To compare paint samples by physical matching method.
To compare paint samples by thin layer chromatography method.
To compare glass samples by refractive index method.
1. M. Byrd, Crime Scene Evidence: A Guide to the Recovery and Collection of Physical Evidence, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2001).
1. T.J. Gardener and T.M. Anderson, Criminal Evidence, 4th Ed., Wadsworth, Belmont (2001).
2. S.H. James and J.J. Nordby, Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, 2nd Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2005).
3. W.J. Tilstone, M.L. Hastrup and C. Hald, Fisher’s, Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2013).