V. Pravallika


Core Courses

Course Attendees

Still no participant

Course Reviews

Still no reviews

Course Name: Forensic Medicine

Code (Credits): CUTM2899 (3+0+0)

Course Objectives

  1. To know the duties of the first responding officer who receives a call on homicide or suicide case.
  2. To understand the steps involved in processing the death scene.
  3. To understand the importance of autopsy and forensic odontology

Course Outcomes

COs Course outcomes Mapping COs with POs (High-3, Medium-2, Low-1)
CO1 Able to explain the fundamental aspects and scope of forensic medicine, identify the procedures involved in approaching a crime scene of death. PO1 (3)
CO2 Able to analyze the medico-legal aspects of death, considering cause, manner and mode of death and legal implications. PO5(3), PO7(2), PO8(3)
CO3 Able to examine the types and classification of injuries, distinguishing between ante-mortem and post-mortem injuries, drowning death. PO4 (3), PO5(2)
CO4 Able to create an effective process for processing and preserving evidence and systematic approach to indexing death investigations. PO4 (3), PO5(2)

Course Syllabus


Death Investigations

Fundamental aspects and scope and objectives of forensic medicine. Need of forensic medicine. Approaching the crime scene of death. Inquest, recording dying declaration. Identifying witnesses and, if possible, suspect. Interviewing onlookers and segregating possible witnesses. Suspect in custody – initial interrogation and searching for evidence. Miranda warning card. Assessing the crime scene. Request for forensic team. Importance of command post and logbook. Management of crowd and media. Importance of taking notes. Items to be a part of noting. Documenting the death scene. Processing evidence. Evaluation of injuries. Importance of canvass form. Indexing the death investigation. Handling buried body cases– search for buried bodies, methods of exhumation. Suicide cases–evaluating the type of injuries, gauging the psychological state of victim, suicide notes.



Definition of death- types and causes of death. Mode of death-post-mortem changes, Estimation of time since death. Molecular and systemic death- Objectives of medico legal autopsy, Medico-legal aspects of death - asphyxia- various types- mechanical asphyxia- hanging, strangulation, Death by drowning- medico legal aspects.



Injuries and violence against women and children. Mechanical Injuries. –Types and classification of injuries. Ante mortem and post-mortem injuries. Aging of injuries. Self-inflicted injuries. Thermal deaths – electrocution-sexual offences- investigations of victim and accused. Child abuses –human trafficking investigative protocols.

Books Recommended:

  1. K. Smyth, The Cause of Death, Van Nostrand and Company, New York (1982).
  2. M. Bernstein, Forensic odontology in, Introduction to Forensic Sciences, 2nd Ed., W. G. Eckert (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton (1997).
  3. J. Dix, Handbook for Death Scene Investigations, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1999).
  4. H. B. Baldwin and C. P. Mayin, Encyclopaedia in Forensic Science, Volume 1, J. A. Siegel, P.J. Saukkoand G.C. Knupfer (Eds.), Academic Press, London (2000).
  5. V. J. Geberth, Practical Homicide Investigation, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2006).
  6. Rajesh Barde, Principle of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (JaypeeDigital | eBook Reader) (Textbook)
  7. K.S. Narayana Reddy, Concise Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 4th edition, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (2015)

Session Plan

Session - 1

Introduction to Forensic Medicine

Death Investigations

Session - 3 to 8

Inquest, Identification of a person and Importance of Dying declarations

Inquest and Identification of a person

Dying declaration

Session - 9

Handling and examination of Buried bodies


Session - 11&12

Presentation by students as a part of continuous evaluation

Forensic Medicine Assignment topics

Forensic Medicine Presentation Topics

Session - 13 & 14

Types and Causes of Death

Types of Deaths

Session - 16&17

Medico-legal aspects of Death

Medicolegal aspects of Death

Session 18 & 19

Presentations by students as a part of continuous evaluation

Forensic Medicine Presentation Topics

Forensic Medicine Assignment topics

Session - 20 to 23

Types and classifications of Injuries


classifications of injuries

Session - 25

Examination of sexual offences

Injuries of sexual offences

Session - 26

Injuries examination in Child abuse

Session - 27

Violence against women and Children

Session - 28 & 29

Presentations by students as a part of continuous evaluation

Forensic Medicine Presentation Topics

Forensic Medicine Assignment topics

Session - 30

Assignment submission on respective topic within 2 days

Our Main Teachers

V. Pravallika

Assistant Professor

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Science, School of Paramedical and Allied Health Sciences, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Vizianagaram