Dr Naga Jogayya K


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Course Name: Forensic Biology and Wildlife Forensics

Course code (Credits): CUTM2902 (3+0+0)

Course Objectives

  1. To learn the significance of different biological evidence.
  2. To learn the forensic importance of hair evidence.
  3. To learn about various aspects of wildlife forensics.

Course Outcomes

  1. To collection, preservation, packing, forwarding and documentation of significant biological evidences.
  2. To analyze and interpret forensic significance of wood samples, pollen samples, hair evidence, fibres and microbial organisms.
  3. Able to demonstrate the aspects of forensic limnology and examine diatoms from different matrices.
  4. Able to explain the functionality of different wildlife agencies and analyze various wildlife parts and products.

Course Syllabus

Module - I

Introductory Forensic

Brief History of Forensic Biology: Developments and Scope in the field of Forensic Biology, Branches of Forensic Biology Different types of biological Evidences and their significance in Forensic Science Collection, Preservation, Packing, Forwarding and Documentation of Biological Evidences. Types and identification of microbial organisms of forensic significance, case studies.
Introduction to wood and its anatomy, Identification of endangered wood & its significances, case studies.
Forensic Palynology: Introduction and history of palynology, structure of pollen, identification and comparison of pollen, forensic significance, case studies. Significance of hair evidence. Transfer, persistence and recovery of hair evidence. Structure of human hair. Comparison of hair samples. Morphology and biochemistry of human hair. Comparison of human and animal hair, case studies. Introduction and classification of fibers, identification and comparisons of fibers and different microscopic, spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques, case studies.

Module - II

Forensic Limnology & Forensic Entomology

Forensic Limnology-diatoms:
Introduction to Forensic Limnology, Role of algae & fungi in Forensic Science, Introduction to Diatoms, Identification of diatoms from biological matrices from soil & water, Diatoms testing, Legal aspects of Diatoms, Case Studies.

Forensic Entomology:
Introduction and History of Forensic Entomology, Anatomy and Taxonomy of Forensically relevant Insects (Diptera), Insect Succession (in buried bodies, burnt bodies, decomposed bodies above the soil and in water) & Factors that affect Insect Succession, Estimating Post-mortem Interval/ Time since infestation from invertebrate development rates, Forensically important Aquatic Insects, Insects as weapons and Threats to National Security, Collection of entomological evidence during death investigations, Forensic Entomology and the Law, Case studies.

Module - III

Wildlife Forensics

Definition and advances in wildlife forensics, Threats to the natural resources and wild species inhabiting globally, Importance of Wildlife Conservation, Classification of Species as per IUCNRed Data Book, Introduction to CITES and CBD, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 of India and other related acts, Different Methods of Poaching, Conventional methods of species identification, Morphological identification and examination of wildlife parts and products, Application of DNA technologies used in Wildlife Forensics.

Books Recommended:

  1. MariaTeresa,Tersigni-Tarrant, Natalie R. Shirley; “Forensic Anthropology: An Introduction”, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2012.
  2. AngiChristensen, N.Passalacqua,& E. Bartelink; “Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practices”, Academic Press, Elsevier, 2014.
  3. Anil Mahajan & Surinder Nath; “Application areas of Anthropology”, Reliance Publishing House, 1992.
  4. Megan Brickley & Roxanna Ferllini; “Forensic Anthropology: Case Studies from Europe”, Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Illinois, USA, 2007.
  5. Whitaker, D.K. and MacDonald, D.U. (1989), Forensic Dentistry, Wolfe Medical Publications Ltd.

Session Plan

Session - 1

Introduction to Forensic Biology and Different branches in Forensic Biology

Introduction to Forensic Biology  

Different branches in forensic biology

Session - 2

Handling of Biological Evidence.

collection and packing of biological and firearm evidences

Session - 3 & 4

Forensic Palynology

Forensic Palynology: Pollen Grains

Session - 5

Forensic Hair Examination

Forensic examination of hair

Session - 6 & 7

Case Studies by Students

Session - 10 & 11

Presentations by Students

Session - 12

Forensic Diatoms Examination

DIATOMS Examination

Session - 13

Life cycles of insects

Forensic Entomology

Session - 14

decomposition stages and insects visit

Forensic entomology

Session - 15

collection of entomological evidence and Time estimation of dead body

Forensic entomology

Session - 16

Case studies explanation by students

Session - 17

Evidence encountered in Wildlife Forensics.

Identification of Physical Evidence pertaining to Wildlife Forensics

Session - 18



Session - 19

Application of DNA technologies used in Wildlife Forensics

DNA Techniques in Wildlife book.indd (

Session - 20 & 21

Presentations by Students

Our Main Teachers

Dr Naga Jogayya K

Assistant Professor