Development Project Management Planning Tools and Techniques – I


Anita Patra


Core Courses

Course Attendees

Still no participant

Course Reviews

Still no reviews

Course Name : Development Project Management Planning Tools and Technique - I

Code(Credit) : CUTM1242 (1-2-1)

Course Objectives

  • To understand the process of developmental planning tools and techniques used in India

Course Outcome

CO1: Students will have an understanding of the different approaches for making of developmental plans

PO1, PO2

CO2: Students will be able to do field study through various participatory techniques

PO1, PO2, PO8

Course Syllabus

Module: I

Understanding the Developmental planning process

Meaning of Developmental plan, Developmental Planning process in India – Before the Panchayats came into picture of developing the plans Vs. After the Panchayats came into picture of developing the plans, the 73rd and 74th Amendment Act of Constitution enforced in 1993 – Local self-governance in rural and urban India, Panchayat Raj in the State List of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution.


Module: II

Approaches to Developmental planning in India, compare the different approaches - Merits, Demerits and suitability

-Participatory Learning and Action (PLA)

  • Venn diagram,
  • Social maps and analysis,
  • seasonal analysis,
  • Livelihoods analysis,
  • Map of services and opportunities,
  • Timelines, Trendlines,
  • Natural Resource mapping,
  • Transect walk and diagramming

- Zeal Oriented Project Planning (ZOPP) -LFA

  • Participation Analysis
  • Problem Analysis
  • Objective Analysis
  • Alternative Analysis
  • Project description
  • Assumptions
  • Indicators and Means of verification

- Gram Sabha Approach  (Village Level Study) - (Action Aid: Village Book Training Manual)

Importance of Planning at Gram Panchayat Level, Important Schemes, Sectors and Issues for Integration in GPDP, Capacity Building Framework for GPDP, : Integrated Decentralised Planning at Intermediate and District Level, Implementation and Monitoring of GPDP

  • Comprehensive Village Analysis-
  1. Social  analysis;
  2. Economic analysis;
  3. Vulnerability analysis;
  4. Women’s situation analysis;
  5. Power and relationship analysis;
  • Mapping the status of rights
  1. Problem  prioritization,
  2. Problem tree analysis,
  3. Rights mapping/understanding problems from the rights perspective;
  • Baseline of the current situation;
  • Participatory indicators of change/success
  1. Dream  map,
  2. Indicators  of  change/success;
  • Village development/Action plan
  1. Detailed implementation plan
  2. Using the Village Book to link with government plans and mobilise resources

- J- PAL (Poverty Action Lab)

  • Introduction to Evaluations
  • Research Questions
  • Research Design
  • Measurement & Data collection
  • Catalog of Administrative Data Sets
  • Working with Data
  • Conducting Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA)
  • Software & Tools
  • Case Study -(to be identified)


Module: III

Learning paper: Critical understanding of how the developmental plans have been prepared and its implementation, monitoring and evaluation (areas such as Education, Health, Drinking water and Sanitation, Doubling of farmers income etc.)



1. Development Planning: Concepts and Tools for Planners, Managers and Facilitators by Dale, R. (2004), London, Zed Books

2. Logical Framework Approach (PDF) - LFAUNDP

3. LFA Handbook


5. Village Book Training Manual (PDF)village_book_training_manual_english__0

6. PLA Training Manual (PDF)

7. PLA Toolkit

8. ZOPP Training Manual

9. GPDP Manual


11. J. PAL

12. J. PAL - Research Resources

13. PRA -

14. Suggested reading: Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire


Session Plan

Session 1&2

Introduction to the course and the course plan

Topic for presentation in next session:

"Development Planning process in India post Independence"


Study Materials to prepare for next class:

Session 3 & 4

The Planning process post independence, Five year plans (Top-down approach), Kumarappa Plan, Mahalanobis Model

Presentations by Students and discussions on the following:

Development Planning & Policies under Mahalanobis Strategy - PDF

Economy of Permanence- J C Kumarappa-

Session 5 & 6

The Planning process after village Panchyats were declared as legitimate constitutional entities, need for change, 73rd and 74th Amendment Act to the Constitution of India

Presentation by students and discussion:

Session 9 & 10

PLA : Social Map

Community Mapping

Social Mapping -

Case Study: PRA and PLA Approaches: A Case Study with examples of participatory approaches employed by MAG and CMAC in Cambodia


Presentation by students

Session 11 & 12

PLA : Venn Diagram, Social Maps, Seasonal maps, Livelihood maps, Natural Resource Mapping, Transect Walk and diagramming

PRA - Complete Analysis-

Participatory Learning Techniques -

Session 17 & 18

Project design with the Logical Framework Approach

Session 19 & 20

Case Study: Presentation

Managing Healthcare quality using LFA

Managing Healthcare quality using LFA

2. Using Logic framework approach For Analysis & Planning V.S Local non-Governmental institutional Behavior and change

Using Logic framework approach For Analysis & Planning V.S Local non-Governmental institutional

Session 21 & 22

ZOPP Case Study (Presentation by students)

zopp_e (Case study- GTZ Project Management)

Session 25 & 26

GPDP (Presentation by students)

Session 27 & 28

Comprehensive Village Analysis: Social Analysis, Economic Analysis, Vulnerability analysis, Women's situation Analysis, Power and relationship analysis

Training Manual PDF-

Session 29 & 30

Problem prioritisation,  Baseline of current situation, Paricipatory indications of success

Training Manual

Session 33 & 34

Session 35 & 36

J- PAL (Poverty Action Lab)

Who is J-PAL :

Video: Evidence to Policy-

Video: Evaluating Social Programs-

Video: Why Randomize -

Video: When do Innovations and Evidences Change Lives :

Session 37 & 38

J-PAL : Introduction to Evaluations, Research questions, Research Design

Session 39 & 40

J-PAL : Measurement & Data Collection, Administrative data sets- working with data, Conducting Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA), Software & Tools

Session 41 & 42

J-PAL Case Study: Presentation by students



Case2_LearnToRead_India J-PAL

Case-3 :

Teaching at the Right Level to improve learning

Session 43 & 44


(Identify the topic, the objective, which State of India)

Learning paper on how developmental plans have been developed and implemented covering areas:

  1. Education
  2. Livelihood promotion
  3. Drinking water & Sanitation
  4. Health

Session 45 & 46


Presentation on the Learning paper (Interim)

Session 47 & 48


Final Presentation

Our Main Teachers

  Professor in Management and an enthusiast learner with teaching and research experience of 20 years. Research interests and publications in the area of Rural entrepreneurship, Banking, Women entrepreneurship. Have been a part of many training and research projects.   “SUCCESS IS NO ACCIDENT. IT IS HARD WORK, PERSEVERANCE, LEARNING, STUDYING, SACRIFICE AND MOST OF […]