Essentials of Nanomaterials

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Essentials of Nanomaterials

Essentials of Nanomaterials


Dr. Prasanta Kumar Rath


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Course Name : Essentials of Nanomaterials

Code(Credit) : CUTM 1411 (3-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • Understand and use the properties of Nano-materials in diverse fields.  
  • Gain knowledge about the Nanomaterials, their properties, behavior, interaction and use of them over many discipline of science.
  • The emphasis of the course is to understand the physics of Nanomaterials in detail and to explore the wide application.
  • Highlights of the course  is to provided virtual way of understanding the courses materials. Specially the application based approach.

Learning Outcomes

COs Course outcomes Mapping COs with POs (High-3, Medium-2, Low-1)
CO1 Understand the constituents of matter, Nanomaterials, properties and usefulness.

Able to learn how to understand the basic behavior of  Nanomaterials

PO1-3, PO7-2, PO9-2
CO2 Able to use the knowledge for higher study and research PO2-3, PO3-2, PO7-1,
CO7 Able to explore the possible physics research, their applications in society and health care unit. PO7-3, PO9-2

Course Syllabus


Fundamentals of Nanomaterials

Introduction to Nanomaterials,  Definition of Nano, Atomic Structure and atomic size, significance of  nano material over micro/macro, size dependent properties.


Material structure and the Nano-surface

Importance of surface at Nanoscale, Significance of Particle shape and Size in Nanomaterials, Surface to Volume Ratio, Particle orientation.

Practice 1: Nanomaterial Synthesis

Module III

Energy at the Nanoscale

Surface energy, surface energy of Liquids, surface energy of solids, Surface energy of crystallographic planes in fcc & bcc, surface energy minimization mechanism.

Practice 2: Surface tension of liquid

Module IV
Nanostructured Materials

Zero Dimensional: Nano particles through homogenous nucleation; Nano particles through heterogeneous nucleation, Quantum Dots; One Dimensional: Nano wires and nano rods, Two dimensional: Fundamentals of film growth; Carbon Nanotubes. hierarchal structure, Quantum size effect and scaling law

Practice 3: Determination of structure and crystallite size of material by X-ray diffraction

Practice 4: UV visible analysis of nano based material

Practice 5: Study the mechanical property of material  

Module V
Nano thermodynamics

Classical equilibrium in thermodynamics, Nano Thermodynamics, Modern Nano Thermodynamics,Thermodynamics of surfaces: surface and interfacial energy, uses of Wulff plot.

Practice 6: Seebeck effect

Module VI

Chemical interaction at the Nanoscale

Long range and short range order forces, electrostatic forces, hydrogen bonding, Vanderwaal forces, hydrophobic forces

Module VII

Essentials of nanoscience in diverse Emerging area

Nano-electromechanical systems, Nano sensors, Nano Optics, Nano-electronics, Nano medicine, environmental, health and safety issues.


Text Book:

  1.  Introduction to nanoscience by G.Louis Hornyak
  2.  Introduction to nanotechnology by C. P. Poole


  1. NPTEL (Nano materials)
  2.   MIT (Nano material)

Session Plan

Session 1

Introduction to nanomaterials,  definition of Nano

Nanomaterials(slide share)

def-nano (you tube)


Session 2

Atomic Structure and atomic size

atom (Youtube)


Session 3

significance of  nano material over micro/macro


macro 2 (youtube)

nanomaterial (slide hare)

Session 5

Importance of surface at Nanoscale

surfaec(you tube)

nano surface(slide share)

Session 6

Significance of Particle shape and Size in Nanomaterials


shape & size (youtube)

shape of nano

synthesis of nanoparticle

Session 7

Session 8

Practice 1: (Nanomaterial Synthesis ) (2hours)

synthesis of nanoparticles

Session 9

Session 10

Practice 2: (Surface tension) (2hours)

surface tension of a liquid

Session 11

Surface energy of solids

surface solid(you tube)

surface solid(MIT)

Session 12

Surface energy of crystallographic planes in fcc & bcc

surface energy2

crystal structure(slide share)

crystal structure 2 (Slide share)

Session 13

Surface energy minimization mechanism 

surface I

Surface II

Session 14

Zero Dimensional: Nano particles through homogenous nucleation 




Practice 3:  (Determination of structure and crystallite size of material by X-ray diffraction) (2hours)

crystallite size using XRD

Session 15

Nano particles through heterogeneous nucleation, Quantum Dots



Q Dot (you tube)


Session 16

One Dimensional: Nano wires and nano rods,

ID (youtube)

1D2 (you tube)

ID (slide share)

Session 17

Two dimensional: Fundamentals of film growth; Carbon Nanotubes

2D-material(you tube)

nanotube (you tube)

2D(slide share)

Practice 4:  (UV visible analysis of nano based material) (2hours)

UV visible spectrometer

Session 18

Session 19

Quantum size effect and scaling law

size scale (you tube)

Q- confinement

Practice 5: (Study the mechanical property of material) (2hours)

Material Properties

Session 20

Classical equilibrium in thermodynamics

equilibrium I


Session 21

Nano Thermodynamics

Thermo I

Thermo II

Thermo III

Session 22

Modern Nano Thermodynamics

Modern Thermo III

Practice 6: (Thermo electricity) (2hours)

Seeback effect

Session 23

Thermodynamics of surface and interfacial energy.


inter facial (slide share)

Session 24

Wulff plot and it uses.

wulff plot 1

wulff plot 2

Session 25

Long range and short range order forces

Interaction (ES)

short range

long range

Session 26

Session 27

Hydrogen bonding


Session 28

Session 29

Session 30

Nano-electromechanical systems, Nano sensors

nano mechanical 1

nano sensor 1

nano sensor 2

Session 31

Nano science in optics (nano optics)

Nano Optics I(MIT)

Nano Optics II

Nano Optics III

Session 32

Session 33

Nano medicine




Session 34

Environmental science

Environmental I

Environmental II

Session 35

Session 36

Our Main Teachers

Dr Prasanta Kumar Rath has done his M.Sc in Physics having Nuclear Physics Special  from Sambalpur University, Odisha,  He has done his PhD in Experimental Nuclear Physics from The MSU, Baroda in Collaboration with BARC & TIFR , Mumbai under the guidance of Prof. N.L.Singh and Dr S. Santra. He has also obtained his Postdoc experience from INFN , Italy. His research area focuses on Experimental Nuclear Physics, Nuclear radiation detectors, Accelerator Physics.