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Pre and Post Mendelian concepts of heredity, Mendelian principles of heredity, Cell division – mitosis, meiosis, Probability and Chi-square.Dominance relationships, gene interaction.
Multiple alleles, pleiotropism and pseudoalleles, Sex determination and sex linkage, sex limited and sex influenced traits, Blood group genetics, Linkage and its estimation, crossing over mechanisms, chromosome mapping. Structural changes in chromosome, Mutation, classification, Methods of inducing mutation & CIB technique, mutagenic agents and induction of mutation. Qualitative & Quantitative traits, Polygenes and continuous variations, multiple factor hypothesis, Epistatic interactions with examples. Cytoplasmic inheritance. Genetic disorders,.Nature, structure & replication of genetic material. Protein synthesis, Transcription and translational mechanism of genetic material, Gene concept: Gene structure, function and regulation, Lac and Trp operons.
Study of microscope.Study of cell structure. Experiments on monohybrid, dihybrid, trihybrid, test cross and back cross, Experiments on epistatic interactions including test cross and back cross, Practice on mitotic and meiotic cell division, Experiments on probability and Chi-square test. Determination of linkage and cross over analysis (through two point test cross and three point test cross data).Study on sex linked inheritance in Drosophila. Study of models on DNA and RNA structure.
1. Pundhan Singh, 2006, Genetics, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana
2. Singh, B.D. 2015. Fundamentals of Genetics.Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana
3. Gupta, P.K.2007. Genetics.Rastogi Publications, Meerut
Study of microscope
Monohybrid, dihybrid,trihybrid,test cross & back cross
Study of cell structure
Probability and Chi-square test
Experiment on epistatic interactions
Study on sex linked inheritance in Drosophila
Determination of linkage & Cross over analysis
Study of models on DNA and RNA structure