Geospatial Survey

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Prafulla Kumar Panda

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Geospatial Survey

Code(Credit) : ABC01(1-2-0)

Course Objectives

  • To teach the basic concept of Geospatial Technology and to do various field works with the help of digital surveying instruments.
  • To provide basics of digital surveying and mapping of earth surface using GPS, DGPS, GPR

Learning Outcomes

  • Gain knowledge about the structure of spatial data including file associations, attribute tables, Metadata, coordinate systems, and projections
  • Carryout measurements Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS)/ Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) in field.
  • Preparation & digitization of different topography map with the help of Arc-GIS software
  • Utility mapping using GPR

Course Syllabus

Module I: GIS(1Th+4Pra)Hrs

Geographic Information System: Introduction, Definition of GIS, Components of GIS, Geographical concepts, Input data for GIS Types of output products, Application of GIS
Practice:
1. Introduction to GIS (Overview, Features, About the software, Main user interface, Main menu Project menu; Layer menu; View menu; Bookmarks menu; Plug-ins menu; Help menu, Toolbar, Legend window, Preview map, add data to the map area, Opening and saving projects)
2. Building a catalog of geographic data (Arc Catalog, folder connection, inside the catalog, folder location, create a working copy of the data, connect directly to your copy of the data, and remove folders that do not need)

Module II: GIS Data types (2Th+4Pra)Hrs

Introduction: GIS data types: Data representation: Data sources: Typical GIS data sets Data acquisition, Data verification and editing, Dereferencing of GIS data, Spatial data errors Spatial data models, Spatial data structures, Modelling surfaces , Modelling networks , GIS database and database management system
1. Introduction to Google Earth, Convert Shape file to KML Format, Extract data From Google Earth, Extract Point Data, Extract Polygon data, Extract line data, Convert KML File to shape file, overlaying an image into google earth
2. Exploring data and adding it to a map (The Contents tab, The Metadata tab, add a layer to a map, import metadata, Search for items, map compose)
3. Managing a dataset (Define a shape file’s coordinate system, modify attributes in database tables, calculate attribute values in ArcMap, Update the table’s metadata, create a layer using the related attributes, Add the vegetation type layer to the map)
4. ArcGIS Graphics language (generalization, symbology, and colour effect, change symbology and use transparency in creative ways)

Module III: Spatial Data Analysis (1Th+5Pra)Hrs
Spatial Data Analysis: Introduction, Data analysis terminology, Measurement of length, perimeter and area. Queries. Reclassification. Buffering and neighborhood functions. Data integration-map overlay. Spatial interpolation. Surface analysis. Network analysis. Digital terrain visualization

Practice:
1. Topology (Concept of topology, topology in different GIS format, Coverage, shapefile, DXF-Drawing Exchange File, Geodatabase, Topology principle, Topological Error and Correction process, creating personal Geodatabase, creating a features dataset)

2. Buffering and Editing tools: (Buffering in ArcGIS, add the data layer, create the buffer, conflation, extend the line, Erase point, Flip line, Snap, trim line, Densify, create a polygon, create point, Create polygon)
3. Creation DEM , DSM,TIN from SRTM/Cartosat Data

Module IV:: Global Positioning System(2Th+3Pra)Hrs

Introduction of Global Positioning System, Satellite constellation, GPS signals and data, Geo-Positioning-Basic Concepts. Discussion on NAVSTAR, GLONASS, GALLILEO, COMPASS. Basic geodesy, Geoid /datum/ Ellipsoid-definition and basic concepts, Coordinate Systems, Special Referencing system, Map Scale, Scale factors, Indian geodetic System Segments of GPS:Control Segment, Space Segments, User Segment-operations of GPS, accuracy, error sources and analysis, methodology for collection of data, adjustment computations and analysis. Selection of datum, units and scale; GPS measurement. GPS Positioning Types-Absolute Positioning
Practice:

10.Setting of instrument, Observation, Data downloading and processing, Plotting of points, Georeferencing, Error calculation.

Module V: Differential Global Positioning System(2Th+3Pra)Hrs
Differential positioning Methods-Static & Rapid static, Kinematic-Real time kinematic Survey. DGPS-GPS data processing and Accuracy. Selection of Reference Station, Reference Station Equipment: GPS receiver, GPS antenna. Radio and its types, Radio Antenna GP. Application of GPS in Surveying and Mapping, Navigation, Military, Location Based Services, Vehicle tracking, etc. Limitation of GPS & DGPS
Practice:
11.Instrument Setup (Base station and Rover), Post-Processed Kinematic (PPK); Single point observation, Double point with baseline processing methods, Triangulation method, Real-Time Kinematic (RTK);Navigation system, Collection of Ground Control Point (GCP), Data export to GIS software.
Module VI: Ground Penetrating Radar(1Th+3Pra)Hrs
GPR Explain working principle of ground penetrating radar (GPR), Describe the type of antennas used with GPR for different type of underground material detection, Use ground penetrating radar until a pre-defined depth from sub-surface based on the conductivity of material. Explain use of sketch/single line diagram (SLD).Describe the use of GPS/DGP in sync with GPR to get all data populated on map. Describe the use of other Utility locater like electromagnetic locater and other utility locaters
Practice:
12.Instrument setup, Utility mapping (Waterline, electric line, etc.), Processing of data
Module VII: (1Th+3Pra)Hrs
Explain GPR screen reading for the data being recorded, Describe the use of Roadometer with GPR to measure distance, Explain all the connecting cables used with GPR, Describe the power source and running capacity of GPR batteries, Explain handling the GPR and it’s components, Describe how to transport GPR instrument, Use appropriate GPR antenna for described type of survey, Demonstrate the assembly of GPR equipment, Demonstrate the GPR data collection suing cross section .
Text Books:
1.Remote sensing and GIS 2nd Edition, Basudeb Bhatt, Oxford Publication
2. Anji Reddy, M. Remote sensing and Geographical information system, B.S. Publications, 2001.

Online Source:

Session Plan

Session 1

Geographic Information System: Introduction, Definition of GIS, Components of GIS, Geographical concepts, Input data for GIS Types of output products, Application of GIS

ppt:Lecture-1,Lecture-2

video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJAQHA5XQWI&list=PL3MO67NH2XxLAFn3jc7gOhXLD9YFx-oew

video:Different components of GIS:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn-frbhVsy8&list=PL3MO67NH2XxLAFn3jc7gOhXLD9YFx-oew&index=2

Session 2

Introduction to GIS (Overview, Features, About the software, Main user interface, Main menu Project menu; Layer menu; View menu; Bookmarks menu; Plug-ins menu; Help menu, Toolbar, Legend window, Preview map, add data to the map area, Opening and saving projects) using QGIS and ARC GIS

video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7chDPT3UeU

Session 3

Building a catalog of geographic data (Arc Catalog, folder connection, inside the catalog, folder location, create a working copy of the data.

How to create database on Arc Catalog:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZBLh11fBIo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qz2JTeZlbQk

Session 4

Introduction: GIS data types: Data representation: Data sources: Typical GIS data sets Data acquisition, Data verification and editing, Dereferencing of GIS data, Spatial data errors Spatial data models.

PPT:Lecture-3

LECTURE-4Lecture-4

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J13QGRdjEao

Session 5

Spatial data structures, Modelling surfaces , Modelling networks , GIS database and database management system

ppt:lecture 5,lecture5.1

video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qH2-xwUz3tU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zMhXB880aPk

Session 6

Introduction to Google Earth, Convert Shape file to KML Format, Extract data From Google Earth, Extract Point Data, Extract Polygon data, Extract line data, Convert KML File to shape file, overlaying an image into google earth.

video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=csuQnk008Wc

How to convert shapefile from Arcgis to KMZ in Google Earth:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bEw6n0Ze0ok

Session 7

Exploring data and adding it to a map (The Contents tab, The Metadata tab, add a layer to a map, import metadata, Search for items, map compose)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UX0Fx1V5CcI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XIw3fqOxWM

Session 8

Managing a dataset (Define a shape file’s coordinate system, modify attributes in database tables, calculate attribute values in ArcMap, Update the table’s metadata, create a layer using the related attributes, Add the vegetation type layer to the map)

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3HvJa3i02I

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=290qZnAzFEU

Session 9

ArcGIS Graphics language (generalization, symbology, and colour effect, change symbology and use transparency in creative ways)

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3ogq4YkJAI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMiFxmIV1oQ

Session 10

Spatial Data Analysis: Introduction, Data analysis terminology, Measurement of length, perimeter and area. Queries. Reclassification. Buffering and neighborhood functions.

PPT:Lecture-6

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eETnGCH6qC8

Combining buffering, zonal statistics, and spatial joins in Q-GIS:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DuqL0euAsI4

Session 11

Data integration-map overlay. Spatial interpolation. Surface analysis. Network analysis. Digital terrain visualization.

PPT:Lecture-7

Spatial interpolation in QGIS:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=By-K5C7jDQc

Digital Terrain Models:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BQOiZ32gYuU

Session 12

Topology (Concept of topology, topology in different GIS format, Coverage, shapefile, DXF-Drawing Exchange File, Geodatabase, Topology principle, Topological Error and Correction process, creating personal Geodatabase, creating a features dataset)

How to Create Topology for check polygon muat not overlap in ArcGIS:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C35PK5Fi9DM

Remove polygon topology error in arcmap;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9urdAKkGg0

Session 13

Buffering and Editing tools: (Buffering in ArcGIS, add the data layer, create the buffer, conflation, extend the line, Erase point, Flip line, Snap, trim line, Densify, create a polygon, create point, Create polygon)

create topology in ArcGIS:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzxWzPLYP8U

ArcGIS - Geodatabase Topology - Part 2:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bbxko7I-zuo

Session 15

Introduction of Global Positioning System, Satellite constellation, GPS signals and data, Geo-Positioning-Basic Concepts. Discussion on NAVSTAR, GLONASS, GALLILEO, COMPASS. Basic geodesy, Geoid /datum/ Ellipsoid-definition and basic concepts, Coordinate Systems, Special Referencing system, Map Scale, Scale factors, Indian geodetic System Segments of GPS:Control Segment, Space Segments, User Segment-operations of GPS, accuracy

PPT:https://www.slideshare.net/bahamut2/how-gps-works-4693448

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FU_pY2sTwTA

https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/nrcs144p2_024990.pdf

Session 16

error sources and analysis, methodology for collection of data, adjustment computations and analysis. Selection of datum, units and scale; GPS measurement. GPS Positioning Types-Absolute Positioning.

https://www.slideshare.net/arpitkvnfc/gps-surveyingdigital-surveying

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2cLBCZ9DY7Y

Session 17

Setting of instrument, Observation, Data downloading and processing, Plotting of points, Georeferencing, Error calculation.

Study of GPS and Its Accessories:http://sl-iitr.vlabs.ac.in/exp10/index.php?section=Theory

Session 18

Differential positioning Methods-Static & Rapid static, Kinematic-Real time kinematic Survey. DGPS-GPS data processing and Accuracy. Selection of Reference Station, : GPS receiver, GPS antenna. Radio and its types, Radio Antenna GP.

https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog862/node/1828

Session 19

Instrument Setup (Base station and Rover), Post-Processed Kinematic (PPK); Single point observation, Double point with baseline processing methods, Triangulation method, Real-Time Kinematic (RTK);Navigation system, Collection of Ground Control Point (GCP), Data export to GIS software.

VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oLC0wr-Zps

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4C7j4nUSPNo

Session 20

GPR Explain working principle of ground penetrating radar (GPR), Describe the type of antennas used with GPR for different type of underground material detection, Use ground penetrating radar until a pre-defined depth from sub-surface based on the conductivity of material.

PPT:https://www.slideshare.net/HimanshuYadav95/ground-penetrating-radargpr-ppt

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuPHzQ0zaUI

Session 21

Describe the use of GPS/DGP in sync with GPR to get all data populated on map. Describe the use of other Utility locater like electromagnetic locater and other utility locaters.

https://www.sensoft.ca/gpr-for-underground-utility-pipe-line-locating/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oEdLF6vwXxk

Session 22

Utility mapping (Waterline, electric line, etc.), Processing of data

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-5aqCdFsY4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBWxONe-_3U

Session 23

How to remove noise from ground penetrating radar data:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t4xkhgpNAs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrMoGjNNLvA

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      Prafulla Kumar Panda working as an Assistant professor in department of civil engineering at Centurion University of Technology and Management. He obtained his B.Sc from Utkal university, Odisha ,M.Sc  from Berhampur university Odisha, M.Tech from BharathiDasan University, Tamilnadu. He is previously worked at IIT Kanpur as Research Associate (2009-2011).He visited different countries such as UK, […]