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Hi-Tech Surveying

Hi-Tech Surveying


Kamal Kumar Barik


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Course Name : Hi-Tech Surveying

Code(Credit) : SFS (0-2-2)

Course Objectives

  • •To study the temporary adjustment of survey instruments by standard methods
  • .• To Carry out the topographic surveys using Hi-Tech surveying instruments
  • .• To provide basics of digital surveying and mapping of earth surface using GPS, DGPS & GPR.

Learning Outcomes

  • • Fieldwork using Hi-Tech surveying instruments
  • .• Preparation & digitization of different topography maps with the help of GIS software
  • .• Generation of map & reports.

Course Syllabus

Module 1: Introduction to Surveying
Primary Division of Surveying: Classification, Basic Principle, Scale and its Type, List of Instruments used in surveying, (Chain, Compass, Plane Table, theodolite survey, etc.),

1. Different Surveying Instruments and its parts Identification
2. Chain Surveying and its application
3. Compass Surveying and its application
4. Theodolite surveying and its application

Module 2: Total Station

Total station: Parts of the instrument, operational panel, guide light, basic key operation, display functions, setting up the instrument, focusing and target sighting, angle measurement, setting the horizontal, distance and angle measurement.

1. Horizontal Control
2. Vertical Control
3. Distance, angle and slope Measurements
4. Traverse adjustment (With help of software)
5. Area calculation using Total station
6. Contouring using Total station

Module 3: GIS
Geographic Information System: Introduction, Components of GIS, Geographical concepts, Input data for GIS Types of output products, Application of GIS.


1. Introduction to Google Earth, Convert Shape file to KML Format, Extract data From Google Earth, Extract Point Data, Extract Polygon data, Extract line data, Convert KML File to shape file, overlaying an image into google earth.

2. Exploring data and adding it to a map.

3. Geo-referenced the google earth Image and supplied Topo-sheets.

4. Digitization the study area using vector tools.

5. Creation DEM, DSM, TIN from SRTM / Cartosat Data

Module 4: GPS

Introduction of Global Positioning System, Satellite constellation, GPS signals and data, Geo-positioning-Basic Concepts. Discussion on NAVSTAR, GLONASS, GALLILEO, COMPASS. Basic geodesy, Geoid /datum/ Ellipsoid-definition and basic concepts, Coordinate Systems.

1. Setting of instruments, Observation, Data downloading and processing,
2. Plotting of points, Geo-referencing, Error calculation

Module 5: Differential Global Positioning System


1. Instrument Setup (Base station and Rover)
2. Post-Processed Kinematic (PPK); Single point observation, Double point
with baseline processing methods, Triangulation method.
3. Real-Time Kinematic (RTK); Navigation system,
4. Collection of Ground Control Point (GCP), Data export to GIS software.

Module 6: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar Method, Field Procedure and Approaches for GPR Surveys, Data Processing.

1. Working principle of ground penetrating radar (GPR) and its parts
2. Utility mapping (Waterline, electric line, etc.) and Processing of data


1. Survey of CUTM Campus using TS and DGPS.
2. LULC Changes of Jatni Municipality.
3. Survey of one Village using TS and DGPS.
4. Identification of water Pipe lines and electric pipelines inside the

2.1 Total station

2.2 Horizontal Control

2.3 Vertical Distance Calculation By Total Station Surveying

2.4 Contouring using Total station

Session: 3

3.1 Introduction to QGIS and its Tools

3.2 Convert Shape file to KML Format in QGIS

3.3 Extracting Coordinates From Google Earth To Excel

3.4 Geo-referenced the google earth Image in QGIS

3.5 How to digitize a map in QGIS software

Session: 4

4.1 GPS

4.2 DGPS

4.3 . Post-Processed Kinematic (PPK) and Real-Time Kinematic (RTK); Navigation system,

4.4 Ground Penetrating Radar


1. Survey of CUTM Campus using TS and DGPS.

2. LULC Changes of Jatni Municipality.

3. Survey of one Village using TS and DGPS.

4. Identification of water Pipe lines and electric pipelines inside the campus.

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Dr. Kamal Kumar Barik is presently working as Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, CUTM, Bhubaneswar Campus. He did his Ph.D. at SRM University, Chennai in the field of Remote Sensing and GIS. He has been more than 8 years of teaching experience at Post Graduate level (M.Sc. and M.Tech.). Previously he was served as […]