Orientation of Clinical Science


G. Indu Priya


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Course Name : Orientation of Clinical Sciences

Code(Credit) : RIT(3-0-1)

Course Objectives

Orientation of Clinical Sciences is designed to present students with essential concepts of pathological processes and altered health states. The course looks in depth at a wide variety of common pathological conditions.Clinical scenarios within each module correlate the anatomical pathology with major clinical symptoms and signs. Course concepts will focus on the cause, development and progress of disease, and how the body is affected. The Candidates should be skilled and sufficiently qualified with theoretical knowledge and able to develop skills and abilities to diagnose a specific disorder.

Learning Outcomes

Students are expected to demonstrate proficiency in the area in order to to apply knowledge of pathology’s role in the diagnosis, staging, and management of disease.

  • They will be able to classify diseases of various body systems and how they manifest clinically and histopathologically.
  • Acquire the ability to relate these essential basic pathological processes to the pathogenesis of common and important diseases.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of how knowledge of pathological processes can be utilised in the investigation, management and prevention of disease

Course Syllabus

Module -1: Cardiovascular disorders
1. Pericarditis, 2. Valvular heart diseases 3.RHD 4. Heart failure for each disease etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment.

Module- 2: Respiratory disorders
1. Chronic bronchitis, 2. Emphysema, 3. Pneumonia, 4. Tuberculosis, 5. Pulmonary effusion, 6. Spontaneous pneumothorax.

Module-3: Gastrointestinal disorders
1. Peptic ulcer disease, 2. Achalasia cardia, 3. Intestinal obstruction, 4. chron’s disease 5. Ulcerative colitis, 6. Pancreatitis, 7. portal hypertension, 8. ascitis 9. Cirrhosis, 10. Cholecystitis

Module-4 : Renal disorders
1.Glomerulonephritis 2. Nephrotic syndrome 3. Urinary caliculus 4. Poly cystic kidney disease

Module-5: Central nervous system disorders
1. Cerebrovascular disorders 2. Meningitis 3. Encephalitis OBG: 1. Diagnosis of Pregnancy 2. Normal Labour

Module-6: Orthopaedics
1. Fracture 2. Type Mechanism, Healing, Delayed Union, Non- complication 3. Injuries of the shoulder girdle, Dislocation of shoulder 4. Number of Humerus, Elbow Forearm 5. Number of  Distal Radius & ulna 6. Injuries of the carpal 7. Dislocation of Hip 8. Femur, Tibia, Ankle, calcaneum 9. Acute & chronic osteo arthritis 10. Rheumatoid arthritis 11. Paget’s Disease 12.Ankylosing spondylitis 13. Club foot 14. Bone Tumor-Benign Malignant

Module-7: Surgery
1. Incisions 2. Cholelithiasis 3. Peritonitis 4. Supraphrenic Abscess 5. Appendicitis 6.Benign Hypertrophy prostate 7. Sinusitis

Text Books
1. Textbook of Medicine, Krishna Das
2. Essentials of clinical medicine, Kathale.

Reference Books
1. Handbook of Orthopedics, Gopalan
2. Essential of Orthopedics, Shenoy

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Session 3o

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

G. Indu Priya

Assistant Professor