SKILL: X-RAY Technician


Rajesh Sukkala


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Course Name :

SKILL: X-RAY Technician


Code(Credit) : CUTM3065(0+3+1)

Course Objectives

1.Covers the practical application of radiography in the paramedical profession.

2.Includes principles of x-ray production, the operation and uses of x-ray machines, the care and development of films, and radiographic positioning of patients.

3.Prerequisites: Admission to the X-Ray Technology program.

4.Use an understanding of diagnostic quality images to determine options to correct deficiencies and to maximize diagnostic benefit and minimize radiation exposure based on repeated images.

5.Apply knowledge of the health risks and effective safety procedures and professional judgment to minimize risks to personnel and patients during radiographic procedures.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:

Safely and effectively produce diagnostic radiographic images.


(1) Prepare radiographic and darkroom equipment
(2) Measure and position the patient using topographic landmarks,
(3) Choose an appropriate radiographic technique to minimize the need for repeat exposures
(4) Produce the latent image,
(5) Process the exposed film,
(6) Analyze the final radiograph for quality in order to provide maximum diagnostic benefit.

Course Syllabus

Module -1 

Anatomy & Physiology:

Skeletal System, .Respiratory system, Digestive System, Urinary system, Central nervous system, Endocrine system, Reproductive system

Module -2 

Essential Physics:

Sound & Heat, A.C. and D.C. power supply, Rectification and Transformers,  Electromagnetic radiation spectrum and its properties, Production of X and gamma rays, Radioactivity, Interaction of radiation with matter, Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), Radiation protection.

Module – 3 

Principles of imaging:

X-ray films, Intensifying screens, X-ray cassettes, Darkroom and types of equipment in Darkroom, Developer & fixer, Automatic Processing system, LASER Printer.

Module -4

Construction of Equipment:

Stationery anode x-ray tube, rotating anode x-ray tube, Beam Restrictors, Grids, Fluoroscopy, Image Intensifier tube, Portable and mobile x-ray units, Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).


Radiographic Technique– 1:

Upper limb, Lower Limb, Vertebral column, Skull Radiography, Chest X-Ray, Abdominal X-Ray. Views: AP, PA, LATERAL, OBLIQUE, RAO, LAO

Module – 6 

Radiographic Special Procedures:

Contrast media used in the x-ray department (inclusive of those applicable to CT & MRI), Barium meal, Barium swallow, Barium enema, BMFT, IPV, HSG, RGU, MCUG, Myelography, Sialography, Angiography

Module- 7

Mammography & Ultrasound:

Mammography Machine, Views, Ultrasound, Transducer, Probes, Properties of Ultrasound. Doppler Ultra Sound.

Session Plan

Session 1

Session 2


Session 3

Module -1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic: Digestive System

Video :

Session 5

Module -1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic: Central Nervous System

Video :

Session 6

Module-1 Anatomy & Physiology

Topic : Endocrine System

Video :


Module-2 Essential Physics:

Topic: Electromagnetic radiation spectrum and its properties, Production of X and gamma rays, Radioactivity, Interaction of radiation with matter

Notes :


Module -2 Essential Physics:

Topic: Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), Radiation protection

Notes :


Module-3 Principles of Imaging

Topic : X-ray films, Intensifying screens, X-ray cassettes

Video :


Module-4 Construction Of Equipment

Topic : Stationery anode x-ray tube & Rotating anode x-ray tube



Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic : Upper Limb

Practice Video :

Practice Video :

Practice Video:


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic : Chest X-Ray

Practice Video:


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic: Abdominal X-Ray

Practice Video:


Module-5 Radiographic Technique -1

Topic: Pelvic Bone

Practice Video:


Module -6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium Meal

Notes :


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic : Barium Enema

Notes :


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium Meal Follow Through 

Notes :


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: Barium swallow

Notes :


Module -6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: IVP

Notes :


Module-6 Radiographic Special Procedures:

Topic: MCUG



Module - 7 Mammography and Ultrasound:

Topic: Mammography


Text Books :

1. Basic Radiological Physics -K.Thayalan
2.Radiological Procedure -Dr.Bhushan N Lakhar
3.Manipal Manual of Anatomy -Madhyastha
4.Clark's Positioning in Radiography-Hodder Arnold

Case Studies

Case Studies

Our Main Teachers

Rajesh Sukkala

Assistant Professor Of Radiology

I am an Assistant Professor of Radiology with a Master's Degree in Medical Imaging Technology. I have worked with most reputed diagnostic centers and Medical Colleges in Hyderabad and Pune As Radiologic Technologist and An Assistant Professor. And I am also the first professional to be certified in Andhra Pradesh as a Fibroscan Technologist. I have handled all the Radiology Modalities and had a good experience in teaching.