Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering

Teacher

Dr. Siba Prasad Mishra

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering

Code(Credit) : CUTM1072(1-1-0)

Course Objectives

  • To enable the students understand about the drinking water, sources, quality, demand, conveyance, water treatment, design of treatment units, Waste water treatment, STP and solid waste collection, treatment along with house plumbing and different sanitary fittings

Learning Outcomes

  • To understand the principles of treatment units and their design units of drinking water,    solid andliquid waste water treatmentunits; its recycle, reuse or disposal methods along with hands on practice of house plumbing and sanitary fittings

Course Syllabus

Module I:  Sources, Quality and Demand of Water (3 Hours)

 

Importance and necessity of water supply Engineering; Sources of water; Suitability of water; Choice of source; Types of demand Population forecast; Computation of quantity of water; Fluctuation in demand; Factors affecting demand; Impurities in water; Collection of water sample; Physical Chemical and Biological tests; Standards of quality of water

 

Module II: Treatment of Water (3 Hours)

 

Objectives of water treatment; Location of water treatment plant; Layout of water treatment plant; Basic principles of working of treatment plant; Various stages of treatment of influent water; ; Functioning of Coagulation treatment plant; Sedimentation; Filtration; Disinfection

 

Practice Session (2 Hours)

 

Practice 1: Predict Population from given field data by various methods

 

Practice 2: Calculation of hardness of water from the observed field data

 

Module III: Conveyance of Water (3 Hours)

 

Pumps and selection (out line only); Types of pipes used for conveyance; Pipe joints; Laying of Pipes; Distribution system; Types of valves; Types of Meters; Pipe fittings and fixtures of different materials their advantages and disadvantages; Necessity; Methods to prevent leaks; Measures for conservation of water

 

Practice Session (2 Hours)

 

Practice 3: Design layout of pipe system from the overhead tank to different supply terminals.

 

Practice 4: Laboratory works: Determination of pH value, Turbidity and hardness of water sample

 

Module IV: Sanitation System (4 Hours)

 

Objective of sewage disposal; Methods of sewage collection; Conservancy system; Water carriage system; Classification of Drains; Sewer section; Sewer joint; Manhole; Flushing tank; Catch basin; Laying of sewer; Appurtenances and its locations; Maintenance of sewer; Procedure for maintenance of sewerage system; Causes of trouble and odor; Sewer cleaning operations; Requirements of maintenance; Functions of each maintenance equipment and tool; Safety measures for sewer-men

 

Practice Session (2 Hours)

 

Practice 5: Preparation of AUTO CAD layout plans/ sketches of different Water treatment plant, Sewage treatment plant, sedimentation tank, filters, Manholes, Flushing tanks etc.

 

Practice 6: Design of Septic tank using HEC software

 

Module V: Sewage Treatment and Disposal (2 Hours)

 

Characteristics of sewage; Sampling of sewage; Treatment of sewage; B.O.D. Test, C.O.D. test; Methods of sewage disposal (STP)

 

Practice Session (2 Hours)

 

Practice 7: Design of Manhole from given field data and determination of B.O.D. and C.O.D. of waste water sample

 

Module VI: Plumbing gadgets and sanitary fittings (2 Hours)

Plumbing tools; Pipes and pipe fittings; Fixing and jointing pipes and accessories; Traps; House drainage plant; Plumbing practice and operations; Safety and precautions; Sanitary fittings

 

Field Visit: (4 Hours)

Water treatment plant and a sewage treatment plant must be followed by a field Visit report

 

Module VII: Recycling and disposal of Waste Water and Solid Waste (3 Hours)

Sewage Treatment plant; Different recycling method with respect to quality of waste water; Utilization and management of solid waste;

 

Seminar: (2 Hours)

 

The students are made groups and topics related to water supply, Municipal/rural waste disposal system, storm water disposal and Sewerage disposal systems

 

Suggested Reading:

  1. Text Book of water supply and sanitary Engineering ; S.K.Hussain, Oxford and IBH
  2. Water supply & Sanitary Engg.: Vazirani & Chandol, Khanna Publishers
  3. Municipal and Rural Sanitation: Ehlers & Steel, Mc Graw hill book
  4. Elements of Public Health Engineering: K.N.Dugga, S.Chand & Co.

Session Plan

Session 1

Importance and necessity of water supply Engineering; Sources of water; Suitability of water; Choice of source; Types of demand Population forecast; (PPT and assigning topics for seminar)

https://nptel.ac.in/content/storage2/courses/105104102/Lecture%202.htm

https://www.engineeringenotes.com/water-engineering-2/water

https://www.slideshare.net/Tarunkumar689/sources-

Session 3

Collection of water sample; Physical Chemical and Biological tests; Standards of quality of water

http://www.fao.org/3/X5624E/x5624e05.htm

https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwqvol32ed.pdf?ua=1

Session 4

Objectives of water treatment; Location of water treatment plant; Layout of water treatment plant; Basic principles of working of treatment plant

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/105/105/105105201/

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/105/104/105104102/

Session 5 & 6

Various stages of treatment of influent water; ; Functioning of Coagulation treatment plant;Sedimentation; Filtration; Disinfection

http://web.iitd.ac.in/~arunku/files/CVL100/L9.pdf

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/105/104/105104102/

Practice 1

Predict Population from given field data by various methods

http://www.vssut.ac.in/lecture_notes/lecture1424353637.pdf

Practice 2

Calculation of hardness of water from the observed field data

http://www.ut.ee/katsekoda/GUM_examples/Hardness_EDTA.pdf

Session 7 & 8

Pumps and selection (out line only); Types of pipes used for conveyance; Pipe joints; Laying of Pipes;Distribution system

https://ence-pumps.ru/en/podbor_raschet_nasosov/

https://theconstructor.org/building/types-of-pipe-joints-in-plumbing/12559/

Session 9

Types of valves; Types of Meters; Pipe fittings and fixtures of different materials their advantages and disadvantages

https://nptel.ac.in/content/storage2/courses/108105063/pdf/L-25(SS)(IAC)%20((EE)NPTEL).pdf

https://theconstructor.org/building/types-of-pipe-joints-in-plumbing/12559/

Practice 3

Design layout of pipe system from the overhead tank to different supply terminals

https://www.slideshare.net/ManishPandey63/ppt-on-water-distribution-system-by-manish-pandey

Session 10

Objective of sewage disposal; Methods of sewage collection; Conservancy system; Water carriage system

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4JDGFNoY-rQ

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/105/105/105105048

Session 11

Classification of Drains; Sewer section; Sewer joint; Manhole; Flushing tank; Catch basin;Laying of sewer; Appurtenances and its locations;

https://nptel.ac.in/content/storage2/courses/105104102/Lecture%2019.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NkqwMitQ8o

Session 12

Maintenance of sewer; Procedure for maintenance of sewerage system; Causes of trouble and odor

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/105/105/105105048/

https://shahidarshad.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/l-7-and-l-8-sewer-appurtunances.pdf

Session 13

Sewer cleaning operations; Requirements of maintenance; Functions of each maintenance equipment and tool; Safety measures for sewer-men

http://cpheeo.gov.in/upload/5c0a062b23e94SOPforcleaningofSewersSepticTanks.pdf

https://phedharyana.gov.in/WriteReadData/Notice/Regd%20safety%20measures.pdf

Practice 5

Preparation of AUTO CAD layout plans/ sketches of different Water treatment plant, Sewage treatment plant, sedimentation tank, filters, Manholes, Flushing tanks etc.

Practice 6

Design of Septic tank using HEC software

Practice 7

Design of Manhole from given field data and Determination of B.O.D. and C.O.D. of waste water sample (Field data shall be given to design the manhole and calculation of BOD and COD)

Session 15

Effluent testing; B.O.D. Test, C.O.D. test; Methods of sewage disposal (STP)

https://nptel.ac.in/content/storage2/courses/116104045/lecture8.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZuZnF8P070

Session 16

Plumbing practice and operations; Safety and precautions; Sanitary fittings

http://:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XhswR5UGck

Session 17

Plumbing tools; Pipes and pipe fittings; Fixing and jointing pipes and accessories; Traps; House drainage plant

https://www.slideshare.net/honeygracegonzales94/types-of-fittings-and-materials-in-plumbing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o9_F8D_sZfU

Session 18

Bathroom fitting plumbing works : Bathroom Sanitary fitting plumbing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gkb7ZGSrCDc

Session 19 & 20

Sewage Treatment plant; Different recycling method with respect to quality of waste water; Utilization and management of solid waste

https://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=80574&printable=1

https://www.slideshare.net/MANOJ0202/recycle-and-reuse-of-solid-waste

Seminar Presentation:

All should prepare a presentation on field visit

Field Visit:

Water treatment plant and a sewage treatment plant must be followed by a field Visit report

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