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Hydrology and Irrigation

Hydrology and Irrigation

Teacher

Kamal Kumar Barik

Category

Core Courses

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Course Name : Hydrology and Irrigation

Code(Credit) : CECC0416(1-1-1)

Course Objectives

  •  To study the basic principles and movement of ground water and properties
    of ground water flow.

     To study the watershed characters and applications.

     To study the ground water resources mapping and surface water resources
    mapping.

     To study the hydrological disaster and role of earth observation
    technology.

Learning Outcomes


  •  An ability to manipulate hydrological data and undertake widely used data
    analysis.

     An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools
    related to groundwater modelling.

     Project oriented skills shall be gained by students to work efficiently
    in survey, planning, design and construction in irrigation sector.

Course Syllabus

Module I: Movement of Groundwater (2+2)Hours

Hydrological cycle, Types of Rainfall, Precipitation - measurement - average precipitation over a basin, evaporation, transpiration, infiltration - Infiltration indices, Runoff -Overland flow, Types of aquifers.

Practice:
1. Determination of infiltration capacity using double ring infiltrometer.

Module II: Hydrograph (2+4) Hours

Direct runoff, Base flow, separation of base flow- Hydrograph, Unit hydrograph - Assumptions of Unit hydrograph, derivation of unit hydrograph from direct runoff hydrograph, Computation of direct runoff hydrograph for different storms using unit hydrograph theory.

Practice:

2. Construction of double mass curve using Python
3. Hydrograph analysis using Python.

Module III: Flood Management and Rainwater Harvesting: (1+4)Hours

Indian rivers and floods, Causes of floods, Flood damage analysis. Design flood, Flood estimation, Frequency analysis, Flood routing through reservoirs and open channels.

Necessity of Rainwater harvesting, Importance of Rain water harvesting, Rainwater harvesting methods, Conservation and Harvesting of rain. Types and design of water harvesting structures; traditional rain water harvesting structures.

Practice:

4. Mapping of Drainage order from toposheets
5. Calculation of area and length of drainage.

Module IV: Groundwater Pollution & Quality Analysis: (1+2)Hours

Sources of pollution, Potential evaluation of groundwater pollution; Physical, Chemical, Biological analysis, Surface and subsurface investigations of groundwater.

Practice:

6. Physio-chemical analysis of groundwater in laboratory.

Module V : Reservoir (2)Hours

Types, Investigations, Site selection, Zones of storage, Safe yield, Reservoir capacity, Reservoir sedimentation and control. Introduction to Dams Introduction and types of dams, spillways and ancillary works, Site assessment and selection of type of dam, Information about major dams and reservoirs of India.

Module VI: Hydropower Engineering: (2)Hours

Dams and their causes of failure, planning of water resources projects, single and multipurpose projects, Reservoir Planning: Storage capacity of reservoirs, Yield from reservoir, Mass curve, Reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation.

Module VII: Irrigation (2+12)Hours

Irrigation Engineering: Water requirements of crops, consumptive use, quality of water for irrigation, duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies.

Canals: Distribution systems for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses, alignment of main and distributary canals, most efficient section, lined canals, their design, regime theory - Kennedys and Laceys theories. Lined canals, Water logging - causes and control.

Practice :
7. Design of irrigation canal using Kennedy’s and Lacey’s theory.
8. Design of lined canal.

9. Design of tank surplus and vertical drop weir.
10. Design of head regulators and cross regulators.

Project:

1. Interlinking of River

2. Estimation of Evapotranspiration over land surface

3. Groundwater identification and estimation

4. Runoff computations

5. Attribution of Hydrologic Changes in a Tropical River Basin to Rainfall Variability.

Students take up group projects and deal the following activities during the project. The project Report should contain below gate process.

Gate 0: Functional Planning of the project and Objective Identification

Gate 1: Literature Review

Gate 2: Preparation of Flow chart for Methodology

Gate 3: Layer creation and GIS analysis

Gate 4: Identifying the possible Risks involved (specific to the project)

Step 5: Report writing

E Books:

1. Todd D.K., (2000) Ground Water Hydrology , John Wiley and Sons,

2. K., subramanya (2008) Engineering Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill
Publishing Company Limited.

3. Ahmadi, A., Akhbari., M., and Karamouz, M (2011) Groundwater Hydrology:
Engineering, Planning and Management, CRC Press.

4. Saeid Eslamian (2014) Handbook of Engineering Hydrology: Environmental
hydrology and water management, CRC Press.

5. Malcolm. G. Anderson and Jeffrey J Mc Donnell (2005) Encyclopedia of
hydrological Science, J Wiley.

Session Plan

Session 1

1.1 Hydrological cycle, Types of Rainfall, Precipitation

Hydrological cycleprecipitation-191010193008-converted

Session 2

1.2 Evaporation, transpiration,

InfiltrationprecipitationTranspiration, Infiltration indices

Session 3

1.3 Ground water flow, Types of aquifersGroundwater_Aqifer

Session 4

2.1 Hydrograph: Direct runoff, Base flow, separation of base flowHyetograph

Session 5

Practice: Determination of infiltration capacity using double ring infiltrometer

<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYvfTxQhbOQ

">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYvfTxQhbOQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkC8SV6lR4w

Session 6

Practice: 2 Construction of double mass curve using EXCEL

3. Hydrograph analysis using EXCEL.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnBVhkM5eQs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vcn823VIwDA

Session 7

3. 1 Flood damage analysis, Flood estimation, Frequency analysis, Flood routing through reservoirs and open channels

Flood

Session 8

Necessity of

Rainwater HarvestingRainwater Harvesting_1, Importance of Rain water harvesting, Rainwater harvesting methods

Session 9

Practice: 4

Mapping of Drainage order from toposheetshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjBahatpnjk

Session 10

Groundwater Pollution: Sources of pollution; Municipal, Industrial, Agriculture and Miscellaneous, Potential evaluation of groundwater pollution
Groundwaterpollution

Session 11

Types, Investigations, Site selection, Zones of storage, Safe yield, Reservoir capacity, Reservoir sedimentation and control

reservor

Session 12

Introduction to Dams Introduction and types of dams, spillways and ancillary works, Site assessment and selection of type of dam, Information about major dams and reservoirs of India.

DAM and its Type

Case Studies

Case Studies

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    Our Main Teachers

    Dr. Kamal Kumar Barik is presently working as Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, CUTM, Bhubaneswar Campus. He did his Ph.D. at SRM University, Chennai in the field of Remote Sensing and GIS. He has been more than 8 years of teaching experience at Post Graduate level (M.Sc. and M.Tech.). Previously he was served as […]