Introduction to Forensics, Psychology, Law and Statistics

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Shruti Rajwar

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Core Courses

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Course Name : Introduction to Forensics, Psychology, Law and Statistics

Code(Credit) : CUTM1634(4-0-0)

Course Objectives

  • To Provide Knowledge about the basic principles of Forensic Science, different branches, functions, nature and scope of Forensic Science.
  • Course will Provide detail idea about different roles, Organisational setup and functions of various Government Departments such as FBI, CBI, BPRD,NCRB etc, Forensic laboratories and Police in Crime Scene investigations.
  • To provide a detail idea of forensic psychology and its application in investigation.

Learning Outcomes

  • After completion of course the students will have knowledge of Principles of Forensic science.
  • The detail study will help to understand about the basics and different branches of Forensic Sciences.
  • Will help to know about the working and functioning of Forensic science laboratories.
  • Will learn about the Police and its role in criminal investigation and Prevention of crime and also about techniques used to detect deception.

Course Syllabus

Module I

Forensic Sciences Definition and Scope of Forensic Sciences, History and development of Forensic Sciences, Need and Principle, Police and, Forensic Sciences laboratories / institutions in India, Organizational Structure of a Forensic Sciences Laboratory/Institution, Services provided by other institutions, Functions and responsibility of Forensic scientist Forensic Photography: Definition of photography, Cameras and its working, attachments of camera, types of camera lenses, crime scene and laboratory photography, UV and IR photography, Photomicrography and macro photography. Digital photography, digital imaging, photogrammetry, basic concepts of videography/high speed videography.

Module II

Law: Sections of Indian Evidence Act: 32, 45, 46, 47, 57, 58, 60, 73, 135, 136, 137, 159,
Sections of Criminal Procedure code:53,53A, 54, 291, 292, 293.311A
Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against person: 299, 300, 302, 304B, 306, 319, 320, 326, 339, 340, 351, 359, 362, 375, 377. Offences against property: section 378, 383, 390, 405, 415, 441, 463, 471, 499, 503, and 511.
Indian constitution article 20,21

Module III

Crime: Definition, types of crimes, causes of crime, Theories and prevention of crime,characteristics of criminal
Criminal Justice System: Structure of Police, Police and Forensic Scientist relationship with reference to Crime Investigation, Modus Operandi and its role in Crime Record, maintenance of crime records, Prosecution and Judicial Organizations. Courts in India, Jurisdiction of courts in criminal cases and FIR.
Report writing and evidence evaluation: Components of reports and report format in respect of crime scene and laboratory findings.
Court testimony: Admissibility of expert testimony, pre court preparation and court appearance, examination in chief, cross examination and re- examination. Ethics in forensic Sciences.

Module IV

Psychology and investigative techniques: Polygraph (Lie-detection), Narco analysis, Brain mapping, Forensic psychiatry – human behavior and relationship between human behavior and legal proceeding in both civil and criminal cases.

Module V

Laboratory management System: Laboratory information management system, Chain of custody of samples covered by LAN system, Security system, validation and safety equipments.
Forensic statistics: Types of data, Basic concept of frequency distribution, measure of central values – Mean, median and mode, measure of dispersion, range, mean deviation and standard
deviation, probability, theory and classical definition of probability, Bayes theorem of probability, conditional probability and coincidence probability, Chi-square test.

Session Plan

Session 1

Forensic Science : Definition and Scope of Forensic Sciences, History and development of Forensic Sciences, Need and Principle,

Video : Forensic Science : Basic Introduction

Principles of Forensic Science

Session 2

Police and Forensic Sciences laboratories / institutions in India, Organizational  structure of a Forensic Sciences Laboratory/Institution, Services provided by other institutions, Functions and responsibility of Forensic scientist.

Video : Organizational structure of FSLs

Session 3

Forensic Photography: Definition of photography, Cameras and its working, attachments of camera, types of camera lenses,

Video : Forensic Photography

Video : Forensic photography - Methods

Session 4

crime scene and laboratory photography, UV and IR photography, Photomicrography and macro photography.

Lecture notes : UV and IR photography

Video : Importance of crime scene photography

Session 5

Digital photography, digital imaging

digital photography

Session 7

basic concepts of videography/high speed videography.

Lecture Notes : high speed videography

Session 8

Law: Sections of Indian Evidence Act: 32, 45, 46, 47, 57,58,

Video : Different types of Laws

Session 9

Law: Sections of Indian Evidence Act:60, 73, 135, 136, 137, 159,

Session 10

Sections of Criminal Procedure code:53,53A, 54, 291,

Session 11

Sections of Criminal Procedure code:292, 293,311A

Session 12

Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against person: 299, 300, 302, 304B, 306

Session 13

Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against person: 319,
320, 326, 339, 340,

Session 14

Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against person: 351, 359, 362, 375, 377.

Session 15

Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against property: section 378, 383,
390, 405, 415, 441, 463,

Session 16

Sections of Indian Penal Code: Offences against property: section 471, 499, 503, and 511.
Indian constitution article 20,21

Session 17

Crime: Definition, types of crimes, causes of crime,Theories and prevention of crime,

Video : Elements of Crime

Video : Types of Crime

Session 18

Theories and prevention of crime, characteristics of criminal

Video : Factors affecting criminal behaviour

Session 19

Criminal Justice System: Structure of Police, Police and Forensic Scientist relationship with reference to Crime Investigation, Modus Operandi and its role in Crime Record,

Police

Organizational structure of police in India

Session 20

maintenance of crime records, Prosecution and Judicial Organizations. Courts in India, Jurisdiction of courts in criminal cases and FIR.

maintenance of records

Role and Function of prosectuion in CJS

Session 21

Report writing and evidence evaluation: Components of reports and report format in respect of crime scene and laboratory findings.

Session 22

Court testimony: Admissibility of expert testimony, pre court preparation and court appearance,examination in chief,

Admissibility of expert in Indian legal system

Session 23

cross examination and re- examination.

Ethics in forensic science.

Session 24

Session 25

Psychology and investigative techniques: Narco analysis,

Video : Techniques for detecting deception

Video : Narco analysis

Session 27

Forensic psychiatry – human behavior and relationship between human behavior

Session 28

legal proceeding in both civil and criminal cases.

Session 29

Laboratory management System: Laboratory information management system, Chain of custody of samples covered by LAN system

Video : LIMS software

Video : LIMS for Forensic Labs

Session 30

Security system, validation and safety equipments.

Session 31

Forensic statistics: Types of data, Basic concept of frequency distribution,

Video : Types of Data

Session 32

measure of central values – Mean, median and mode,

Session 33

measure of dispersion, range, mean deviation and standard deviation,

Session 34

probability, theory and classical definition of probability,

Session 35

Bayes theorem of probability

Session 37

Session 36

conditional probability and coincidence probability

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