# Energy Production & Transmission

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# Code(Credit) : CUTM1051(2-1-0)

## Course Objectives

• •To understand power generation and economics
•To design the transmission line parameters
•To understand the mechanical design of transmission lines

## Learning Outcomes

Able to understand the different functions of major equipment of the power plants and layout designing of the plants

Able to understand the economic aspects of power system generation

Able to design transmission line and cables

Able to get the overall process of generation and transmission

Able to understand the power grid system

## Course Syllabus

Module I: Thermal & Nuclear Power Plants                                                                  (6 Hours)

Introduction: Statistics of generation of electric power from Conventional and non conventional sources of energy, Thermal & Nuclear power station: Schematic arrangement, Types of prime movers, types of reactors, speed control & auxiliaries, Environmental aspects for selecting the sites and locations, Hazards.

Practice:

1.Schematic Layout design Thermal Plant using AutoCad

2. Schematic Layout design Nuclear Plant using AutoCad

Module II: Hydro & Wind power plants                                                                       (4 Hours)

Hydro power station: Schematic arrangement, Hydro turbines, Environmental aspects for selecting the sites and locations of hydro power stations, small hydro for irrigation, Wind power generation.

Practice:

3. Schematic Layout design of Hydro Plant using AutoCad

Module III: Power Generation Tariffs                                                                          (5 Hours)

Tariff and Economic aspects in power Generation: Terms commonly used in system operation, various factors affecting cost of generation: Load curves, load duration curves, Connected load, maximum load, Peak load, base load and peak load power plants, load factor, Plant capacity factor, Plant use factor, Demand factor, diversity factor, Cost of power plant.

Practice: MATLAB

4. Preparation of Load calculator using MATLAB

Module IV: Transmission systems                                                                                   (4 Hours)

Supply System: Different kinds of supply system and their comparison, choice of transmission voltage. Transmission Lines: Configurations, types of conductors, resistance of line, skin effect, Kelvin’s law, Proximity effect,

Module V: Transmission line Parameters                                                                       (5 Hours)

Calculation of inductance and capacitance of single phase, three phase, single circuit and double circuit transmission lines, Representation and performance of short, medium and long transmission lines, T & Pi networks, ABCD parameters, Ferranti effect, Surge impedance loading.

Practice:

5. Designing of transmission line parameters using MATLAB

Module VI: Transmission line operation & Insulators                                                   (5 Hours)

Phenomenon of corona, corona formation, calculation of potential gradient, corona loss, factors affecting corona, methods of reducing corona and interference Electrostatic and electromagnetic interference with communication lines.
Type of insulators and their applications, potential distribution over a string of insulators, methods of equalizing the potential, string efficiency.

Practice:

6. Designing of Insulators and calculation of voltages using MATLAB

Module VII: Design of cables                                                                                          (4 Hours)

Calculation of sag & tension, affects of wind and ice loading, sag template, vibration dampers. Under Ground Insulated cables: Type of cables and their construction, dielectric stress, grading of cables, insulation resistance, capacitance of single phase and three phase cables, dielectric loss, heating of cables, Transmission line tower designs

Practice:

7. Designing of Cables

## Session 1

generation of electric power from Conventional and non conventional sources of energy

## Session 2

Thermal & Nuclear power station: Schematic arrangement

## Session 3

Types of prime movers, types of reactors

## Session 4

speed control & auxiliaries

## Session 6

Schematic Layout design Thermal Plant using AutoCad

Layout design

## Session 7

Schematic Layout design Nuclear Plant using AutoCad

## Session 8

Hydro power station: Schematic arrangement

Hydro Power plant

## Session 9

Hydro turbines, Environmental aspects for selecting the sites and locations of hydro power stations

## Session 10

small hydro for irrigation, Wind power generation

## Session 11

Schematic Layout design of Hydro Plant using AutoCad

## Session 12

Tariff and Economic aspects in power Generation: Terms commonly used in system operation

## Session 13

various factors affecting cost of generation

factors of power system

## Session 14

load factor, Plant capacity factor, Plant use factor, Demand factor, diversity factor

factors of generation

## Session 16

Preparation of Load calculator using MATLAB

## Session 17

Supply System: Different kinds of supply system and their comparison

## Session 18

choice of transmission voltage

## Session 19

Transmission Lines: Configurations, types of conductors, resistance of line

## Session 21

Calculation of inductance and capacitance of single phase, three phase

## Session 22

single circuit and double circuit transmission lines

## Session 23

Representation and performance of short, medium and long, transmission lines

representation of transmission lines

## Session 25

Designing of transmission line parameters using MATLAB

## Session 26

Phenomenon of corona, corona formation, calculation of potential gradient, corona loss, factors affecting corona

## Session 27

methods of reducing corona and interference

corona effect

## Session 28

Type of insulators and their applications

## Session 29

potential distribution over a string of insulators

## Session 30

methods of equalizing the potential, string efficiency

## Session 31

Calculation of sag & tension, affects of wind and ice loading, sag template

## Session 32

Under Ground Insulated cables: Type of cables and their construction, dielectric stress, grading of cables, insulation resistance

## Session 33

capacitance of single phase and three phase cables, dielectric loss, heating of cables