# Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

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# Code(Credit) :CUTM1094(2-1-0)

## Course Syllabus

Module I: Aerospace vehicle and atmosphere (3hrs)

Introduction to aerospace engineering, Different aerospace vehicle / airship, Atmosphere,

Practice- Write a program using python and draw a graph for variation of temperature, pressure and density with variation of altitude within troposphere and stratosphere.

Module II: Airplane and their main element (5hrs)

Fuselage, Wing, Empennage, Propulsion,

General aviation-Purposes, history, Deferent configuration,

Commercial Aircraft- Purposes, history, Deferent configuration,

Military Aircraft- Purposes, history, Deferent configuration,

Practice- Draw 3-view diagram of commercial aircraft (Cessna 152)  using Dassault system

Module III: Basic Aerodynamics (5hrs)

Incompressible flow, Lagrangian method, Eulerian method

Continuity, momentum equations

Bernoulli’s Equation and Conda Effect

Compressible flow and Mach No

Module IV: Forces and moment on aircraft (6hrs)

Aerodynamic Forces and its dependencies,  force Equilibrium, Lift and Drag description,

Airfoil, Angle of attack, Bernoulli effect, Equation of lift and drag, Cl-alfa curve,

3D wing: Lift, Drag, Force distribution over wing, Down wash and induced drag, Wing tip, Wing configuration,

High Lift Devices, Flap and Slat, deferent types of flap, Spoiler,

Turbulence and Stall: Laminar and turbulent Flow, Its impact on airfoil,  Stall, 3D stall,

Practice- Find the lift and drag of 2 D airfoil (NACA 0012) at 2 degree angle of attack using Dassault system

Module V: Airplane Propulsion           (5hrs)

Jet Engine Properties: Definition and overview, Component, Different type,

Inlets: Overview, Supersonic inlet, Different example,

Compressors: Overview, Types, Working principle,

Turbine and Nozzle: Overview, Afterburner,

Compressors: Multistage compressor in jet engine

Practice- Study the difference between Turbojet and Turbofan engine.

Module VI: Introduction to Flight Mechanics         (5hrs)

Center of Gravity, variation of Center of Pressure with angle of attack

Aerodynamics Center, Stability

Control surface and maneuver: Overview, all the moments and Rotational axis, primary control surface, maneuvering, Aileron, Elevator and Rudder.

Practice- Find out Cl, Cd and Cl/Cd at different angle of attack using  Dassault system

Module VII: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles        (2hrs)

Classifications of UAVs and application,  Basic working principle, military, government, Civil

Text Books:

Reference Books:

2. ##### L J Clancy: Aerodynamics

Source of reference; Udemy, NPTL

NPTL- https://nptel.ac.in/courses/101/101/101101079/

Udemy - “Aerospace Engineering: Aircraft Fundamentals and Advanced”

## Session 3

Calculation of atmospheric parameter for stratosphere and troposphere

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/101/101/101101079/

## Session 4 and 5

Practice- Write a program and draw a graph for variation of temperature, pressure and density with variation of altitude within troposphere and stratosphere.

## Session 6

Aircraft Fuselage, Wing, Empennage and its component

COMPONENTS OF AIRPLANE PPT-converted

## Session 7

General and commercial aviation-Purposes, history, Different configuration

## Session 8

Military Aircraft -Purposes, history, Different configuration

## Session 9 an 10

Practice- Draw 3-view diagram of commercial aircraft (Cessna 152)  using Dassault system

## Session 12

Lagrangian method, Eulerian method

## Session 13

Continuity and  momentum equations

Derivation_of_continuity_equation

Mass-Energy and moment

## Session 14

Energy equations, Bernoulli's equation and Coanda  effect

## Session 16

Aerodynamic Forces, moments  and its dependencies,  force Equilibrium

force and moments-nondimensional

## Session 17

Lift and Drag description, Equation and , Cl-alfa curve

Cl-Cd-Alpha

NPTL and Udemy

## Session 18

3D wing: Lift, Drag, Force distribution over wing,

Drag

## Session 20

High Lift Devices, Flap and Slat, deferent types of flap, Spoiler

highliftdevices-160111092822

## Session 21

Turbulence and Stall: Laminar and turbulent Flow, Its impact on airfoil,  Stall, 3D stall

Laminar Vs Turbulent flow

## Session 22 and 23

Practice- Find the lift and drag of 2 D airfoil (NACA 0012) at 2 degree angle of attack using Dassault system

## Session 24

Jet Engine Properties: Definition and overview, Component, Different type,

Propulsion

## Session 28 and 29

Practice- Study the difference between Turbojet, Turbofan and Turbo shaft engine.

## Session 30

Center of Gravity , Center of Pressure variation with angle of attack

## Session 32

Control surface and maneuver: Overview, all the moments and Rotational axis, primary control surface, maneuvering, Aileron, Elevator and Rudder

## Session 33 and 34

Practice- Perform Cl and Cd simulate at different angle of attack using  Dassault system

## Session 35

Classifications of UAVs, Application

UAV

## Session 37

There will be a field trip depending the slot and available of  facility

## Case Studies

### Dr. Sangram Samal

##### Professor
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Flight Dynamics, Aerodynamics, Experimental Aerodynamics